Chapter 14 Study Guide

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Psychiatrist and psychologists label behavior as disordered when it is______.

Ongoing patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions that are deviant, distressful, or disfunction.

Ongoing patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions that are deviant, distressful, or disfunction are best characterized as _________ ________.

Psychological Disorders

The conception of psychological disorders as biologically based sicknesses is how as the _____ _____.

Medical Model

To call psychological disorders "sickness" is especially likely to encourage research supporting

That psychological disorders can effect the person physically.

A psychotherapist is most likely to use the DSM-IV-TR in order to ________ various psychological disorders.


In a study by David Rosenhan, researchers were admitted as patients into various mental hospitals after they falsely claimed to be "hearing voices." This study best illustrated the negative effects of

When children are told that certain classmates are learning disabled, they may behave in way that inhibit the success of these students in the classroom. This best illustrates the dangers of _________.


Episodes of intense dread that last for several minutes and are accompanied by shortness of breath, trembling, or heart palpitations are most characteristic of a ______ _______.

Panic Disorder

A generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by_______________.

A person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in state of autonomic nervous system arousal.

Freud suggest that for those suffering a generalized anxiety disorder, the anxiety is __________-________.


In which disorders is a person continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic arousal?

Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Panic attacks are most closely associated with____________.

Chest pain, chocking, and shaking

Phobias are most likely to be characterized by ______________.

A persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation

Anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult is indicative of ____________.


An anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts and actions is called.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Compulsions are best described as _____________.

Things that a person must do, to help reed of anxiety

Obsessions are ________.

Things that immediately is on your mind continuously.

Ashley L. is so afraid of spiders that she avoids most outdoor activities and refuses to go to the basement of her house alone. Ashley appears to suffer from a ________.


A person who has agoraphobia is most likely to _______________.

Not be able to go places, that would cause them to feel like there are no escapes.

Repeated distressing dreams and intrusive memories of an intensely fearful and lie-threatening experience are symptoms most commonly associated with_________.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Learning theorists have suggested that compulsive behaviors are _______________.

Calming to people with anxiety, because it gets their minds off of the anxiety.

Experiencing physical symptoms, such as blindness or paralysis, that make no physiological sense is indicative of _______________.

Somatoform Disorder

Hypochondriasis is characterized by

The misinterpretation of normal physical sensations as symptoms of a disease.

Dissociative disorders are most likely to be characterized by

Disruptions in conscious awareness and sense of identity

The major characteristic of dissociative disorders is a disturbance of __________.


What disorders are classified as a mood disorders?

Bipolar Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, ECT.

The number one reason people seek mental health services is _____ _______ _______.

To get help

Feelings of worthlessness are most likely to be associated with __________.

Major Depressive Disorder

Because it is so pervasive, ________ is often considered "the common cold" of psychological disorders.


A major depressive disorder is most likely to be characterized by ___________________.

Tow or more weeks of a depressed mood, in which a person is not able to do things that would cause anxiety.

Mania is most likely to be associated with a _____________.

Hyperactive, wildly optimistic state

Bipolar disorders is most likely to be characterized by _______ __________.

Emotion Jumping

Internal, stable, and global explanations of one;s own failures are indicative of _______ __________.

Learned Helplessness

The vicious cycle of depression is often initiated by _____ ________

Stressful Events

False beliefs of persecution that may accompany schizophrenia are called ____________.


Schizophrenia is most likely to be characterized by ________ _________.

Disturbed Perceptions

Although Mrs. Petrides usually sits passively in a motionless stupor, she sometimes repetitiously shakes her head or waves her arms. She most likely suffers from _______ _________.

Catatonic Schizophrenia

One of the negative symptoms of schizophrenia is ______ __________.

Inappropriate Emotions

Those with a narcissistic personality disorder are likely to be preoccupied with _____-_______.


An antisocial personality disorder is most likely to be characterized by ________________.

Being afraid to interacte with people, in a social event

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