Chapter 12- marriage and family

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Asian American families are more likely to adopt the practice of ________, which is the Confucian value meaning each member of a family owes respect to other family members.


John was adopted as an infant by the Smiths, and has always considered them his real family. What do sociologists classify the Smith family as it is regarded by John?

It is his family of orientation.

What is the sandwich generation?

People who find themselves responsible for both their children and their aging parents.

What state had the most extreme penalty for interracial marriage?


Maria and Brian recently gave birth to their first child. Based on sociological findings, what is the likely change in the marital satisfaction that Maria and Brian feel towards one another?

It will decrease.

The stage of life before adulthood during which a new trend of children staying home longer is becoming common is referred to as ________.


The divorce rate of remarried people with children is higher than the divorce rate of first marriages. Which sentence best describes the divorce rate of remarried people without children?

It is about the same as the divorce rate of first marriages.

Kim is the child of Asian American parents. When she misbehaves, how will her parents most likely discipline her?

using shame and guilt to control her behavior

It is still customary in U.S. society for a bride to accept her husband’s last name and for the bride’s family to pay for the wedding. What is the line of authority this represents?


Among married couples, who is the most likely to care for preschoolers when both parents work outside the home?

organized child care facilities

The percentage of married U.S. women who have never given birth is the lowest among which ethnic or racial group?


Mark and Sally are married, both are working, and they chose not to have children. What classification best fits them?

They are DINKS

What is the main difference between cohabitation and marriage?

There is a greater degree of financial and emotional commitment in marriage.

In order to include cohabitating couples as well as gay and lesbian couples, sociologists suggest the term marital rape be changed to ________ rape.


Shacking up or living in sin are old-fashioned ways to describe ________.


The feeling of sexual attraction and idealization of another is called ________.

Romantic love

From a sociological perspective of marriage and divorce, to what does the term continuities refer?

the degree to which divorced couples maintain contact

Which of the following family situations is most likely to result in emotional overload?

John and Diane live in the suburbs with their only child, John Jr.

Bob and Tom are brothers. Bob has been married for 25 years. Tom has never been married, but he has been in a long-term relationship with the same woman for the past 27 years. Which of the following statements is most likely true?

Bob will likely outlive Tom.

Of the following, in which group is a woman more likely to marry a man with less education than she has?

African American

A common sociological finding in Latino family research is ___________is more important in determining family life than being Latino or one’s country of origin.

social class

What is the single greatest influence of marital homogamy?


Generally speaking, in which families would elders play the most active role in rearing their grandchildren?

Native American

John was adopted as an infant by the Smiths, and has always considered them his real family. What do sociologists classify the Smith family as it is regarded by John?

It is his family of orientation.

Frank, Jim, Martha and Louise occupy the same apartment, sharing routine chores such as cooking, cleaning and laundry. Each contributes a share of their earnings to pay utilities and food costs. Sociologists would describe this group as a ________.


According to the findings of Diana Russell, who are the most common incest offenders?


Which of the following couples is least likely to divorce within the first ten years of their marriage?

Cathy and Tony who attend the same fundamentalist church and were married in their late 20s.

How many U.S. states still have laws prohibiting same-sex marriage?


Of the following household responsibilities, in which category is there the greatest gap in hours between the husband’s duties and the wife’s duties?

paid work

How has the rate of cohabitation changed over the past 30 years?

it has risen tenfold

Sociologically, what is a family?

Two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption

Marianne and her children live in a neighborhood where all the families share their resources when someone needs help. The neighbors also consider themselves to be an extended family. Sociologists would describe them as ________ .

fictive kin

In the small town of Brandon sociologists are collecting data on single-parent families vs. two-parent families. They are comparing their incomes and number of children each has. Each of the components they are studying are part of what sociologists refer to as the family __________.


In some tribal societies it is highly encouraged for the son or daughter of one tribe to marry the son or daughter of a neighboring or rival tribe to build camaraderie and form an alliance. This pattern of marital behavior is called ________.


Why do functionalists argue that the incest taboo is a nearly universal norm?

The incest taboo facilitates the socialization of children and avoids role confusion.

In some Native American tribes, what transpires when a male warrior takes on a berdache?

He has accepts a spouse who is another man who now takes on all the responsibilities of a woman.

How has the age of the average first-time bride and groom in the United States changed since 1890?

Both the bride and groom are older than at any other time.

Which of the following statements is not true about cohabitation trends?

Couples who cohabit before marriage are less likely to get divorced.

In the United States and many other parts of the world, the common practice is for whites to marry whites, African Americans to marry African Americans, and members of specific social classes to marry within their class. This marital practice is called ________.


Johnnie’s parents were divorced three years ago. During the first year after the divorce, Johnnie’s father visited him every week. Then Johnnie’s father remarried and fathered another child. Now he rarely visits Johnnie. It is likely that Johnnie’s father __________.

is young

In Bongo Bongo, male members of the tribe may each legally have three wives. This is a family relationship defined as ________.


Although debatable, what does evidence suggest about the emphasis on machismo in Latino families?

It is declining with each new generation.

Of the 60 million married couples in the United States today, statistics show that approximately ________ of these will be divorced a year from now.


The group with the highest percentage of one-parent families with a female head of household is ________, and the group with the lowest percentage of one-parent families with a female head of household is ________.

African Americans; Asian Americans

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