Chapter 12 Congress

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Which of the following is the best definition of a constituent?

It is a person who lives in the district represented by a member of the legislature.

A bicameral legislature is one that has

two chambers or houses.

Which of the following best describes a way in which the House differs from the Senate?

The House is more centralized and organized than the Senate

The frequency with which they must seek re-election makes members of the House

more responsive to the needs of local interest groups in the districts they represent

Which of the following is a key assumption of the sociological model of representation?

Because similarity helps promote good representation, the composition of legislative bodies should mirror the composition of society.

Which of the following statements concerning the representation of women and minorities in the U.S. Congress is true?

Representation of women and minorities has increased over the past two decades, but is not comparable to their proportions in the general population.

The most common occupation among members of Congress before coming to Congress is


Which of the following is not a service often provided by representatives to their constituents?

offering constituents legal advice regarding new administrative laws

The "sophomore surge" refers to

the tendency for candidates to win a higher percentage of the vote when seeking future terms in office.

One reason some people support the instatement of term limits in the House and Senate is

that it will increase turnover and get new faces into Congress.

Gerrymandering refers to

the manipulation of electoral districts to serve the interests of a particular group.

Congressional organization is influenced by all of the following except

presidential directives

Who has the most real power in the Senate?

the majority and minority leaders

The need to divide the labor of legislation is best exemplified in what formal structure of Congress?

the establishment of standing committees

A proposed piece of legislation is called a


The determination of the time and structure of floor debate on a bill, in the House of Representatives, is up to the

Rules Committee

"Closed rule" and "open rule" refer to congressional provisions regarding

floor debate on a bill

Conference committees are

temporary, involve members from both houses of Congress, and are charged with reaching a compromise on legislation once it has been passed by both the House and the Senate.

How can a president’s veto be overridden by Congress?

by a two-thirds vote in both houses

Cloture is

the process by which three-fifths of the Senate can end a filibuster.

Congress adjourns during a ten-day period after presenting the president with a bill, and the president takes no action. This is known as a

pocket veto.

In addition to pressuring members of Congress to vote a certain way on a bill, interest groups also have substantial influence in

determining whether a member of Congress will run for re-election.

Why does the House have greater party unity than the Senate?

Representatives have more partisan constituents than senators.

In general, members of the House seek committee assignments that will

allow them to influence decisions which are of special importance to voters in their districts.

Oversight can best be described as

the efforts of congress to supervise the manner in which its laws are implemented by the executive branch

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