# CHAPTER 10 SCIENCE VOCABULARY

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 Matter Anything that takes up space and has mass Property Something about matter that you can observe with one or more of your senses. Pressure force per unit area that is applied to a substance. Element matter consisting of a single type of particle. Atom Smallest particle of an element that has the properties of that element Periodic Table Arrangement of elements based on their properties. Mass Amount of matter an object has. Volume Amount of space an object takes up. Density the amount of matter in a given space Buoyancy The ability of matter to float in a liquid or gas. Volume is measured using a balance (True or False) True To compare the density of two solid objects, you need to know their _______ and _________ Mass and volumes Metric rulers are used to measure length (True or False) True Magnifying glasses and hand lenses are used to observe very small objects (True or False) True What is the effect of placing an object with a "greater" density than water in a bucket of water? the object with greater density will sink to the bottom of the bucket of water. An object’s_________ is the amount of matter it has. Mass When you see that a ball is red, you are observing a ________ of the ball Property Each of the tiny particles that make up an element is called a ______________ Atom A measuring cup is used to find a liquid’s _____________. Volume A balloon gets larger when air is blown into it because of air _____________. Pressure An object that floats in water has ____________ in water. Buoyancy Anything that takes up space and has weight is _________. Matter Elements are arranged in a ________ based on their properties. Periodic Table An object’s _____________ is a measure of the amount of matter the object has in a certain amount of space. Density Matter that has only one kind of atom is a ______________________. Element List the two properties of matter that are needed to measure density and explain why you need to measure both Two properties are: Mass and Volume. You need to measure both to tell the kinds of matter apart. List the following metric units from smallest to largest: Meter, millimeter, kilometer, centimeter. Millimeter, Centimeter, Meter, Kilometer An object falls into a pond and sinks. What do you know about the density of the object? The object has less density than the water. How many states of matter can we observe? 3; Color, Shapes and Sizes How are an object’s mass and weight different An objects mass is the same no matter where it is. an objects weight is different depending where the place is at. What tool do we use to measure the mass of an object? Balance What is mass? the amount of matter it has in it. What is volume? Amount of space that the object takes up. What is density? Measure of matter in a certain amount of space. In an object floats in water, what does that tell you about its density? It has less density than water. What two properties do you need to measure in order to determine the density of an object? Volume and mass What is buoyancy? How well an object floats in a gas or liquid. How would you measure the volume of a liquid. You would use a cup with numbered units on its side or a graduated cylinder. How could you measure the volume of a box? Find out how many cubes of one size would fit inside the box. What is the basic metric unit for length? Meter What units are used to measure shorter lengths? Centimeter What is a basic unit to measure the volume of solids called? Cubic unit What tool would you use to measure the dimensions (length) of a room.? Metric rulers and tapes What are the basic metric units of measure for length, from smallest to largest? Centimeters or millimeters for short lenghts Kilometers for longer distances. We measure mass with a ____________. Balance The basic unit of mass is the ________. Gram An object’s mass is the same everywhere, but its weight may be different (True or False) True We measure volume by measuring the amount of space that an object occupies. (True or False) True We measure volume with a ___________. Graduated cylinder The basic unit of volume is the _______ Liter Density is a measure of the amount of matter (mass) in a certain amount of space (volume). (True or False) True One way to study density is by observing buoyancy, like object’s ability to float in a gas or a liquid (rubber duck floating in water) Length can be measured with ___________. metric rulers and tapes The basic unit of length is the _______. meter The volume of solid objects is measured in _________. cubic units What kind of lens would you use to a very small object? Hand lens What ______ keeps its shape. Its particles are packed tightly together and jiggle, or vibrate, in place. Solid What _______ takes the shape of its container. Its particles are loosely connected and flow past one another. Liquid What ______ has no shape and expands to fill all available space. Its particles bounce off one another as they move freely. Gas

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