Chapter 10 - Hardware Support A+

Windows Disk Cleanup is the utility to use whenever you want to defragment your hard drive.

True or False

False

Windows needs free space on the hard drive for normal operation, for defragmenting the drive, for burning CDs and DVDs, and for a variety of other tasks, so it's important to delete unneeded files occasionally.

True or False

True

Defragmenting is not recommended for solid-state hard drives.

True or False

True

Using Windows 7 Backup and Restore, you can back up the volume on which Windows is installed.

True or False

True

The chkdsk command will not fix anything on the drive unless the drive is unlocked.

True or False

False

What type of storage drive contains spinning platters?

optical hard drive
solid-state drives
floppy hard drives
magnetic hard disk drives

magnetic hard disk drives

What is Pagefile.sys used for in Windows?

system file storage
to store E-books
video RAM
virtual memory

virtual memory

What is another name for a file allocation unit?

sector
cluster
segment
fragment

cluster

How often does Windows 7/Vista automatically defragment a hard drive?

once a week
once a day
once a month
once an hour

once a week

What command should you use to rearrange parts of files on the drive so they are contiguous?

Optimize
Analyze
Defrag
Chkdsk

Defrag

In order to ensure drive health, what command should you use to search for and repair file system errors?

Defrag
Chkdsk
Analyze
Optimize

Chkdsk

What is a snapshot of the system settings and configuration called?

rollback point
restore unit
rollback unit
restore point

restore point

Restore points are created at regular intervals and just before you install software or hardware by what utility?

System Activation
System Protection
System Restoration
System Prevention

System Protection

What is the fourth partition on a hard drive called?

extended partition
master boot record
volume
primary partition

extended partition

Using what Windows 7 utility allows you to create a backup schedule that can include any folder on the hard drive and the system image?

Automated System Backup
Complete PC Recovery
Automated System Recovery
Backup and Restore

Backup and Restore

What partition is the bootable partition that startup BIOS turns to when searching for an operating system to start up on an MBR partitioned drive?

extended partition
startup partition
active partition
volume

active partition

If you enter a command and want to terminate its execution before it is finished, what key press should you use?

Ctrl+C
Ctrl+V
Ctrl+B
Ctrl+X

Ctrl+C

What command creates a subdirectory under a directory?

RD
MD
CD
AD

MD

How much storage does a dynamic disk require for the disk management database?

1 MB
10 GB
5 MB
50 MB

1 MB

You can use what utility to convert two or more basic disks to dynamic disks?

Disk Management
Windows Management
System Management
Disk Config

Disk Management

If a storage pool is configured as if it has more virtual storage than the physical drives actually offer, what feature is being used?

thick provisioning
thin provisioning
explicit zeroing
implicit zeroing

thin provisioning

What option, when passed to the shutdown command, will restart the local computer?

/h
-h
/s
/r

/r

Volumes within an extended partition are known by what term?

extended volumes
extra volumes
logical drives
logical expansions

logical drives

On a magnetic drive, what is the most common sector size?

512 bytes
512 KB
16 KB
4 KB

512 bytes

What term is used to describe the unused space at the end of the last cluster?

zero
slack
void
null

slack

In Windows, what two terms describe the active partition on an MBR drive, and the location where the Windows operating system is stored, respectively?

primary partition
logical partition
system partition
boot partition

system partition boot partition

What status indicators apply only to dynamic disks? (Choose all that apply.)

Foreign drive
Unallocated
Healthy (At Risk)
Active

Foreign drive Healthy (At Risk)

What file systems supported by Windows can be used for volumes and drives that don't hold the Windows installation? (Choose all that apply.)

FAT64
FAT32
exFAT
NTFS

FAT32 exFAT NTFS

What are two methods that can be used to free up disk space on a hard drive?

-Format the hard drive
-Delete the Windows/System directory
-Uninstall software you no longer use
-Use drive compression

uninstall software you no longer use use drive compression

Text files that are called initialization files often utilize what two file name extensions?

.init
.ini
.inf
.start

.ini .inf

used to enhance the amount of RAM in a system

virtual memory

rearranges files on the drive into as few segments as possible

defragmenting

an extra copy of a data or software file that you can use if the original file becomes damaged or destroyed

backup

the overall structure an OS uses to name, store, and organize files on a drive

file system

a volume that can be accessed by way of a folder on another volume so that the folder has more available space

mounted drive

snapshots of the system and include Windows system files that have changed

restore points

searches for bad sectors on a volume and recovers the data from them if possible

Chkdsk utility

can span more than one hard drive

dynamic volumes

a hidden file stored in the root directory of drive C

Pagefile.sys

can be partitioned and formatted as a stand-alone hard drive

basic disk

Chapter 10 - Hardware Support A+ - Subjecto.com

Chapter 10 – Hardware Support A+

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Windows Disk Cleanup is the utility to use whenever you want to defragment your hard drive.

True or False

False

Windows needs free space on the hard drive for normal operation, for defragmenting the drive, for burning CDs and DVDs, and for a variety of other tasks, so it’s important to delete unneeded files occasionally.

True or False

True

Defragmenting is not recommended for solid-state hard drives.

True or False

True

Using Windows 7 Backup and Restore, you can back up the volume on which Windows is installed.

True or False

True

The chkdsk command will not fix anything on the drive unless the drive is unlocked.

True or False

False

What type of storage drive contains spinning platters?

optical hard drive
solid-state drives
floppy hard drives
magnetic hard disk drives

magnetic hard disk drives

What is Pagefile.sys used for in Windows?

system file storage
to store E-books
video RAM
virtual memory

virtual memory

What is another name for a file allocation unit?

sector
cluster
segment
fragment

cluster

How often does Windows 7/Vista automatically defragment a hard drive?

once a week
once a day
once a month
once an hour

once a week

What command should you use to rearrange parts of files on the drive so they are contiguous?

Optimize
Analyze
Defrag
Chkdsk

Defrag

In order to ensure drive health, what command should you use to search for and repair file system errors?

Defrag
Chkdsk
Analyze
Optimize

Chkdsk

What is a snapshot of the system settings and configuration called?

rollback point
restore unit
rollback unit
restore point

restore point

Restore points are created at regular intervals and just before you install software or hardware by what utility?

System Activation
System Protection
System Restoration
System Prevention

System Protection

What is the fourth partition on a hard drive called?

extended partition
master boot record
volume
primary partition

extended partition

Using what Windows 7 utility allows you to create a backup schedule that can include any folder on the hard drive and the system image?

Automated System Backup
Complete PC Recovery
Automated System Recovery
Backup and Restore

Backup and Restore

What partition is the bootable partition that startup BIOS turns to when searching for an operating system to start up on an MBR partitioned drive?

extended partition
startup partition
active partition
volume

active partition

If you enter a command and want to terminate its execution before it is finished, what key press should you use?

Ctrl+C
Ctrl+V
Ctrl+B
Ctrl+X

Ctrl+C

What command creates a subdirectory under a directory?

RD
MD
CD
AD

MD

How much storage does a dynamic disk require for the disk management database?

1 MB
10 GB
5 MB
50 MB

1 MB

You can use what utility to convert two or more basic disks to dynamic disks?

Disk Management
Windows Management
System Management
Disk Config

Disk Management

If a storage pool is configured as if it has more virtual storage than the physical drives actually offer, what feature is being used?

thick provisioning
thin provisioning
explicit zeroing
implicit zeroing

thin provisioning

What option, when passed to the shutdown command, will restart the local computer?

/h
-h
/s
/r

/r

Volumes within an extended partition are known by what term?

extended volumes
extra volumes
logical drives
logical expansions

logical drives

On a magnetic drive, what is the most common sector size?

512 bytes
512 KB
16 KB
4 KB

512 bytes

What term is used to describe the unused space at the end of the last cluster?

zero
slack
void
null

slack

In Windows, what two terms describe the active partition on an MBR drive, and the location where the Windows operating system is stored, respectively?

primary partition
logical partition
system partition
boot partition

system partition boot partition

What status indicators apply only to dynamic disks? (Choose all that apply.)

Foreign drive
Unallocated
Healthy (At Risk)
Active

Foreign drive Healthy (At Risk)

What file systems supported by Windows can be used for volumes and drives that don’t hold the Windows installation? (Choose all that apply.)

FAT64
FAT32
exFAT
NTFS

FAT32 exFAT NTFS

What are two methods that can be used to free up disk space on a hard drive?

-Format the hard drive
-Delete the Windows/System directory
-Uninstall software you no longer use
-Use drive compression

uninstall software you no longer use use drive compression

Text files that are called initialization files often utilize what two file name extensions?

.init
.ini
.inf
.start

.ini .inf

used to enhance the amount of RAM in a system

virtual memory

rearranges files on the drive into as few segments as possible

defragmenting

an extra copy of a data or software file that you can use if the original file becomes damaged or destroyed

backup

the overall structure an OS uses to name, store, and organize files on a drive

file system

a volume that can be accessed by way of a folder on another volume so that the folder has more available space

mounted drive

snapshots of the system and include Windows system files that have changed

restore points

searches for bad sectors on a volume and recovers the data from them if possible

Chkdsk utility

can span more than one hard drive

dynamic volumes

a hidden file stored in the root directory of drive C

Pagefile.sys

can be partitioned and formatted as a stand-alone hard drive

basic disk

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