Chapter 1 Unit Art appreciation

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In the work The Connectors, the artist James Allen uses this kind of line to draw the viewer’s attention to the great height that faced the builders of the Empire State Building.


Line can be used as a tool to:

Each answer shown is correct

Noma Bar’s illustration Gun Crime uses positive and negative shape to communicate:

the act of gun crime and its terrible result

These huge 1,300-year-old South American drawings, which include an enormous image of a spider, were discovered in modern times by overflying commercial aircraft.

Nazca Lines

This artist used contrasting positive and negative shapes to create his "Obey" campaign, an expression of guerrilla marketing and street theater.

Shepard Fairey

This artist would sometimes go for days without food or sleep in an attempt to explore the deep-rooted sources of creativity and truth.

André Masson

This kind of shape is mathematically regular and precise.


Vertical lines tend to communicate:


The elements of art form the basic ________ of art.


The principles of design are a kind of ________ that artists apply to the elements of art.


A flat work of art has two dimensions: ________ and width.


The dark printed words on the page of a book are easily read because they are printed on a light ground. This is an example of the principle of ________.


One definition of this element is "a mark that connects two points."


The line that defines the edge of a shape is called the ________.


The artist Dosio, in his drawing of the Church of Saint Spirito, created an impression of three dimensions on a two-dimensional surface by using ________.

linear perspective (Diagonal lines)

A line that gives viewers the impression that they are seeing a line where there is not a continuous mark is ________.

an implied line

In Francisco Goya’s The Third of May, 1808, the artist used a variety of actual and implied lines to attract attention to specific points within the composition. Lines that draw the viewer’s attention in this way are known as ________ lines.


Contour line defines the outer edge or profile of an object, and can be used to suggest a volume in space


In Pablo Picasso’s Blonde Woman in Profile, the artist uses a ________ line that follows the contours of the model’s profile.


This type of shape is composed of unpredictable, irregular lines.


The sphere that designer Saul Bass created for the AT&T logo is not defined by a continuous boundary. This type of shape, which can be suggested by dots or lines that do not connect, is termed ________ shape.

an implied

A shape on a flat picture surface that is defined by surrounding empty space is known as ________ shape.


In a two-dimensional work, when the figure becomes the background and the background becomes the figure, we perceive ________.

a figure-ground reversal

Henri Matisse drew Woman Seated in an Armchair using ________ line so that he could represent her figure with great economy while being descriptive.


An empty space defined by its surround is known as ________ shape.

a negative

The positive and negative shapes in M. C. Escher’s print Sky and Water I balance each other and are an example of ________.

figure-ground reversal

Which artist uses abstract shapes derived from organic objects to symbolize the erotic and life-giving nature of womanhood?

Georgia O’Keefe

Artists use a contrast of elements and varying applications of the principles of design to create an area(s) of visual interest within an artwork. This area(s) is referred to as the _____________.

focal point

The French term used to refer to a work of art assembled by gluing materials, often paper, onto a surface is called a(n)_______________.


Line gives an unsettling energy to a painting of The Bedroom created by Dutch artist _________________.

Vincent Van Gogh

A slick cold surface of a finely finished metal object, the rough-hewn splintery character of a broken branch, and the pebbly surface of a rocky beach are all examples of this element of art:


The highly polished surface of Anish Kapoor’s sculpture Cloud Gate means that the viewer and the city of ________ become a part of the work, in its reflection.


If an artist were to draw a figure whose arm was pointing directly toward the viewer, what technique would the artist have to use when drawing the outstretched arm?


The video game Transistor uses ________ perspective.


This German artist illustrated how a figure can be drawn from an oblique angle for his own text on drawing using the grid technique.

M.C. Esher

This Italian artist used two-point combined with one-point perspective in his painting The School of Athens


To imply greater depth, the sculptor who created the relief carvings on the outside of the Ara Pacis Augustae carved the figures in the ________ more deeply than those that are in the background, in order to make them stand out more.


Hatching and cross-hatching use two-dimensional lines to communicate ________ depth


Which of these is a form?


There are two kinds of relief sculpture: a pronounced surface treatment called high relief, and a shallow surface low relief called ________.

bas relief

This element of art is used to describe the solidity of a form, such as that of the colossal Olmec heads.


Which of these is NOT a geometric form?


Méret Oppenheim was part of an art movement that rejected rational, conscious thought. Her fur-lined teacup and saucer, Object, conjures an unexpected and illogical sensation for the viewer by using ________ texture.


The lightness or darkness of a surface is the element of art called ________.


Artists use this kind of texture if they want to contradict a viewer’s normal expectations of a textured surface


Frank Gehry’s design for the Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, uses contrasts of:

organic and geometric form

The Italian term meaning light and dark used to describe the method of applying value to a two-dimensional artwork in order to create the illusion of a three-dimensional solid form is called ________.


The process of using a series of parallel lines set close to one another to differentiate planes of value in a work of art is called ________


Forms that tend to be irregular, and similar to naturally occurring objects, are known as ________ forms.


An artist can use color to indicate depth. When a color is very pure and intense then it seems to be ________.


In the DC Comics image of Superman, the figure is portrayed at an extreme angle. This ________ view creates an unusual perspective and grabs the viewer’s attention.


A Summer Shower by the British artist Edith Hayllar employs linear perspective to create depth. The painting contains imaginary sightlines that converge toward a single vanishing point. These lines are also called ________.


The chiaroscuro method uses five defined values: cast shadow, reflected light, core shadow, light, and ________.


In order to create value in his drawing Head of a Satyr, Michelangelo used both hatching and ________, a variation where the lines overlap, allowing for the depiction of darker tones.


Marisol was commissioned to create a sculpture of the Catholic missionary Father Damien. A stout figure in heavy bronze, the statue possesses a weighty ________ that communicates the strong beliefs and courageous determination of the priest.


One-point perspective does convey depth, but it has limited applications due to its reliance on a single ________.

vanishing point

The Belgian Surrealist artist ________ created The Treachery of Images, a work that calls our attention to the illusionary characteristics of painting.

Rene Magaritte

Artists can create a sense of ________ by using light and dark values.


Triangular planes make up the surface of a geodesic sphere. Planes that are closer to and facing toward the light source tend to be lighter than planes that are further from it and facing away.


When using a series of squares that are exactly the same shape, implied depth can be achieved by ________.

all of these answers

Because it is three-dimensional, a form has these three spatial measurements: height, width, and ________.


When objects are far away they lack contrast, detail, and sharpness of focus because of the interference of air. Artists take advantage of this when they use the process called:

atmospheric perspective

An artist paints a scene with a large mountain, which lacks detail and is out of focus, and a tree, which is sharply defined and bright green. The viewer might assume that the mountain is ________ than the tree.

further away

Ascending and Descending, by M. C. Escher, uses ________ perspective


When the rules of perspective are applied in order to represent unusual points of view, we call this: ________.


This system, which derives its name from the Greek meaning "equal measure," uses diagonal parallel lines to communicate depth.

isometric perspective

The video game Transistor is designed using units that can be redistributed in any configuration using isometric perspective. These units are called ________.


This is the system for creating an illusion of depth using three basic components: horizon line, vanishing point, and convergence lines.

linear perspective

These four visual elements of art—form, volume, mass, and texture—are present in ________ works of art.


Detective movies of the 1940s were filmed in such dark tones they were referred to as film noir. Filmmakers chose these dark values to enhance the ________ mood of the movies


In addition to alternating value, Fan Kuan’s Travelers among Mountains and Streams uses this process to give the viewer a sense that some areas are closer than others.

changing visual texture

Masaccio was one of the first artists to use one-point perspective. In his large fresco, Trinity, the ________ is centered in the middle of the horizon line, directly ahead of the viewer.

vanishing point

One method used to establish depth in Beda Stjernschantz’s Pastoral (Primavera) involves placing figures higher or lower in the composition. This process for creating depth is called ________.


A two-dimensional object is called a shape, and a three-dimensional object is known as a ________.


The artist David Smith created sculptures of geometric forms. In his work Cubi XIX, Smith used the following geometric shapes:


The sculpture of the Great Sphinx stands as a symbolic guardian of the pyramids at Giza. The ancient Greek definition of a sphinx was a mythological creature whose features were:

the body of a lion, the wings of an eagle, and the head of a woman

In the Roettgen Pietà from fourteenth-century Germany, the shrunken, twisted body of Jesus and the oversized, anguished head of Mary are accentuated for expressive effect. This distortion of the human body, ________ form that we can all understand, makes the viewer feel uneasy and impresses on us the suffering of mother and son.

an organic

Marisol’s work Father Damien was created to memorialize the heroism of a priest who lost his life helping the victims of leprosy. This sculpture stands in front of the State Capitol Building in the U.S. State of ________.


In her work Object, a fur-lined teacup and saucer, the Swiss artist Méret Oppenheim employed invented texture to contradict conscious logical experience. She belonged to the ________ art movement, which drew on ideas and images from dreams and the unconscious mind.


The term used for referring to each of the basic colors of the spectrum is ________.


The element of art that describes the relative lightness or darkness of a hue, compared to another hue, is known as ________.


Color mixtures using light, for example those in digital displays, are called __________ color mixtures.


The artist Adrian Kondratowicz was able to elicit a positive emotion from his Harlem community by distributing ________.

pink polka-dot trash bags

Cecilia Beaux’s strong use of the color red in her self-portrait, which was commissioned for the prestigious Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy, may have been an expression of ________, related to an event that had happened before she started the project.


Secondary colors can be created from a mixture of:

two primary colors

This is the most vivid element of art and design.


When a color is associated with hot or cold we refer to this as color ________.


This is a kind of color "map" that allows an artist to assess quickly the attributes of colors as they relate to each other.

color wheel

The traditional primary colors are ________.

red, blue, and yellow

Colors that are on opposite sides of the color wheel are radically different in wavelength and are called ________.

complementary colors

The French artist Georges Seurat employed a new technique to create a jewel-like diffusion of light and vibration of color in his work The Circus. This type of painting, made up of small dots of color, is known as ________.


Because additive color mixtures are made using light, they rely heavily on pigment.


When Paul Gauguin painted his work The Yellow Christ he chose the color yellow for its __________ qualities.


Physicists have explained that when we see a color, it is the portion of the light spectrum that a surface fails to ________


This object can be used to separate white light into the colors of the spectrum.


Color associations vary by culture. For example, an American bride would probably wear white, while her Asian counterpart might wear ________.


An artwork that uses many hues but only one value is called monochromatic.


Reflected light excites ________ that line the back of our eyes, and their signals are reprocessed and interpreted as color in our brains.

nerve cell

When ________ colors are mixed, they make a duller and darker color because more of the visible spectrum is absorbed.


The American artist Mark Tansey used ________ color palette when he painted his homage to Cubism titled Picasso and Braque.

a monochromatic

Color ________ can be relative to the other colors nearby. For example, violet can be warm if we see it next to a hot color like red, or cool if we see it next to a colder color like blue


The varying color tones in Ancient Sound by Paul Klee were intended to be associated with ________.


Analogous color combinations can be used to create unity and steer viewers toward a particular attitude or emotion. Mary Cassatt’s The Boating Party uses yellow, green, and blue hues to create a ________ and ________ composition.

harmonious . . . relaxed

If you were to look at a t-shirt that absorbed the colors violet, blue, green, yellow, and orange, what color would the t-shirt appear to be?


When a primary color is mixed with a secondary color, a __________________ color is created.


Rectangles based on the Golden Section can be nested inside each other to create an elegant ________.


What element describes the imposition of order and harmony on a design?


This Greek sculptor wrote a treatise on how to create a statue of a human being with perfect proportions.


This use of scale can create an abnormal or supernatural effect, and was used by the Surrealists to do just that.

distorted scale

An interior design that uses only straight lines might lack the visual interest of a more varied composition


The focal point of Robert Rauschenberg’s sculpture Monogram is:

stuffed goat

Joseph Cornell created boxes that contain compositions of ________ objects.


The German word that refers to something in which the whole seems greater than the sum of its parts is ________


The three kinds of unity are:

compositional, conceptual , gesalt

Katsushika Hokusai, in his woodcut "The Great Wave off Shore at Kanagawa," simplified and ordered the visual elements in the work to create ________.

compositional unity

________ balance is achieved when all elements in a work of art are equidistant from a central point and repeat in a symmetrical way from side to side and top to bottom.


In his painting The Flagellation, Italian artist Piero della Francesca created unity by concentrating groups of figures in two different areas, ________ and ________.


Dorothea Tanning’s work Eine Kleine Nachtmusik uses deliberately distorted scale to create an abnormal or ________ effect.


Disparate visual elements can be linked together with a common idea. This is ________ unity.


_______ balance is achieved when both sides of a composition look exactly the same.


This is a kind of visual diversity that can bring many different ideas, media, or elements together in one composition.


This symmetrical Chinese motif appears in art as a monster that is made from many other designs.

t’ao t’ieh

This type of scale is common in the relief sculpture of ancient Egypt, where it was used to indicate social importance.


Creating visual weight and counterweight is part of an artist’s use of the element of ________ in creating a work of art.


The Taj Mahal was commissioned by the grieving ________ as a memorial to his third and beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.

Shah Jahan

2 / 2 pts
Tibetan Buddhist monks create colored sand images with a radial design. This representation of the universe is called a ________.


The size relationships between parts of an object, or its ________, affects how a viewer will interpret it.


in his work Six Persimmons, the thirteenth-century Chinese monk Muqi used different visual weights on each side of the composition. This is known as ________ balance.


The Swedish-born artist Claes Oldenburg uses this kind of scale in his sculptures to express admiration for the little things in everyday life


An artist might use a small scale for a portrait of a lover because it implies ________.


The Flemish artist Jan van Eyck used hierarchical scale to communicate ________ importance in his painting Madonna in a Church.


When a Yoruba sculptor created a human form, he or she made this body part disproportionately large:


If an artist painted a street scene with one large building on the left-hand side, and two smaller buildings on the right-hand side, this would be an example of ________ balance.


The kind of scale used for objects that appear larger than they are in real life is called ________ scale.


This group of artists sometimes used distorted scale to create dreamlike images that subvert our conscious experiences.


Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen collaborated to create Mistos, a larger-than-life sculpture of this everyday item

a book of matches

In two-dimensional art, this is the area in which an artist creates their work.


When an artist uses scale to indicate the relative importance of elements in a composition, he or she is employing this kind of scale.

hierarchical scale

This aspect of culture is integral to both ancient Greek and Yoruba figural art, despite the differences in how the resulting artworks look.


In ancient Egypt, this part of the human body was used as a standard of measurement. Six of these equaled a cubit.


An artist would probably use distorted scale if he or she wanted to create a lifelike scene that the viewer could relate to.


This proportional system uses a ratio of 1:1.618.

Golden Section

In traditional African art of the Yoruba tribe, human imagery follows the ideal proportions identified by the ancient Egyptians in palm and hand measurements.


In The School of Athens, Raphael focused our attention on two Greek philosophers positioned in the center of the work. They are ________ and ________.


The ancient Greek sculptor who created the bronze known as Poseidon (or Zeus) used this part of the body as a standard unit for proportional measurement in the work.


Variety can ________ a design.


________ balance is achieved when two halves of a composition are not mirror images of each other.


It does not matter if a sculptor is creating a human statue on a monumental scale, or a figure much smaller than lifesize: if the sculptor applies the ratio of the Golden Section, the sculpture will have naturalistic proportions.


A good example of variety in a work would be

different shapes and colors

The composition of this photographer’s work Fading Away appears to conform to a proportional ratio called the Golden Section.

Henry Peach Robinson

We perceive scale in relation to:

our own size

The ancient Greeks designed the Parthenon according to the idealized rules of proportion for the human body, creating ________ design.

a harmonious

A work can still display unity, even if none of the visual elements has anything in common, if:

the elements have conceptual unity

In Girl before a Mirror, Marie-Thérèse Walter is looking into a tall standing mirror called a psyche. What does psyche mean in Greek?

Psyche in Greek means soul .

In Picasso’s Girl before a Mirror the image in the mirror on the right appears to be a vision of death.


Pablo Picasso always signed and dated his artworks with the Roman numerals "thirty-one," as seen at the top left of Girl before a Mirror.


Although Pablo Picasso was not a Surrealist artist, his painting Girl before a Mirror is hung in the Surrealist gallery at MoMA.


In Girl before a Mirror, Marie-Thérèse Walter’s face is divided down the middle, which allows us to see from which two angles at the same time?

The art work was divided down the middle in order to see her virgin side and, in the words of the lecturer, her whorish side.

Pablo Picasso’s bright colors in Girl before a Mirror were influenced by:

both Paul Gauguin and Henri Matisse

The Surrealists reacted positively to these two themes, found in Pablo Picasso’s artwork:

The Surrealists had a positive reaction to the feminine sexuality and violence used in the art .

The harlequin-patterned background of Girl before a Mirror can be viewed as a metaphor for Picasso’s self-portrait, standing behind Marie-Thérèse Walter.


We can recognize Marie-Thérèse Walter in Girl before a Mirror because of the:

both blonde hair and Roman aquiline nose

Which of the following is NOT true of Pablo Picasso’s Girl before a Mirror?

the woman is thought to be Picasso’s lover Françoise Gilot

Which of the following is true of the diamond-shaped harlequin-patterned background in Girl before a Mirror?

each answer shown is correct

Which painting by Picasso represents his fear of death from venereal disease?

Les Demoiselles d’Avignon

Artists face a communication challenge: to find ________ within the chaos of nature and to select and organize materials into a harmonious composition.


Photographers cannot be responsible for principles of scale or proportion in their photographs.


An artist creates compositional unity by:

organizing all of the visual elements of the work

The symmetrical design of the building that we know as the Taj Mahal carries associations of:

beauty and stability

When Robert Rauschenberg, in his work Monogram, chose to use a variety of non-traditional art materials and techniques instead of those accepted by the art world, he made a conscious effort to ________ the established art world.

rebel against

Compositional unity strikes an interesting balance between the monotony of too much similarity, and the chaos of too much ________ in a work of art.


Italian Renaissance painter Raphael’s The School of Athens depicts ________.

a gathering of great scholars

Of the twelve figures in Jacob Lawrence’s print from his series The Life of John Brown, this figure is emphasized the most:

all of the figures are emphasized in different ways

Robert Lostutter creates his work with a particular scale in mind. That scale relates to these animals:


An artist creates an artwork made up of many different shapes, all in varying shades of blue. This artwork uses the following principles of art:

unity and variety

The Golden Section is also called:

all of them

Variety cannot ever be used to unify an artwork because it creates too much chaos


In Vishnu Dreaming the Universe which god/goddess is both creator and destroyer?


In Artemisia Gentileschi’s work Judith Decapitating Holofernes, the viewer is directed to the __________ that is indicated by directional lines.

focal point

The African-American sculptor Martin Puryear was influenced by the time he spent in Africa as a member of the ________.

peace corps

Ando Hiroshige created the work "Riverside Bamboo Market, Kyōbashi" in this medium:

woodcut print

When an artist wants to highlight the entire surface of his or her work, without regard for any particular area, this is called ________. broad emphasis

broad emphasis

Any of the ________ of art can help focus our interest on specific areas of a work of art.


In The Legend of John Brown #9 by Jacob Lawrence, broad emphasis occurs because the twelve figures ________.

are evenly balanced

Placement of elements in a composition controls ________ and creates multiple focal points.


Martin Puryear’s sculpture C.F.A.O. places emphasis on a large white area of the work that mimics a mask design of the ________ tribe in Gabon, West Africa.


In Dieric Bouts’s work The Coronation of the Virgin, the artist focuses the viewer’s attention on the Virgin Mary—even though the Holy Trinity is present—by ________.

all of the other answers

Agnes Martin created Starlight so that there was no dominant area in the composition. This decision was partly influenced by her interest in Eastern philosophy, especially ________.


If the clothing of the saint was the only light area in The Funeral of St. Bonaventure, the viewer’s eye would not be easily drawn to any other areas of the composition.


The Russian artist Marc Chagall depicted the mythical character Icarus with bright colors on a white background in order to ________.

draw attention to Icarus’s fall

If an artist painted a garden with one red flower in a field of yellow flowers, this would be an example of using color to create contrast. For the viewer, the single red flower would be ________.

a focal point in the artwork

In the Indian painting featuring the Mughal Emperor Babur in his garden (1.8.8), the garden is punctuated by a specific feature that points to the four cardinal directions. What is this feature?


n his print "Riverside Bamboo Market, Kyobashi," the artist oriented three ________ in order to emphasize specific points in the work and to enliven the composition.


Artemisia Gentileschi worked during this stylistic and historical period.


A scribbled drawing by which artist is embedded into the center panel of Robert Rauschenberg’s Rebus?

Cy Twombly

By including a page of sketches and some text from an art history textbook in his work Rebus, Robert Rauschenberg literally tacked down the legacy of which artist?

Alberecht Duer

In the center panel of Rebus Robert Rauschenberg makes an art history reference to the painter Botticelli and his work The Birth of Venus. In what period was Botticelli working?


In the center panel of Rebus we see a stained strip of dark- and light-red fabric that reminds us of the Abstract Expressionist painter Mark Rothko.


Robert Rauschenberg purchased his paints from hardware stores, but as a rule he only used a select few colors.


Robert Rauschenberg’s artworks are more about the visual aesthetic and less about the experience of making.


Robert Rauschenberg’s technique for his application of paint is kind of trial and error.


Robert Rauschenberg’s title Rebus gives the viewer a clue as to the content of the painting. What does "rebus" mean?

a pun or visual play made from images

The art of decorating a painting by lightly gluing colored paper cutouts onto a surface is called decoupage.


The insect photographs in Robert Rauschenberg’s Rebus connect together which of the below?

science . . . art

The photographs of the runners and the "Karen" sign in Robert Rauschenberg’s Rebus have a particular symbolic meaning.


The russet-brown color found in Robert Rauschenberg’s Rebus was used by nineteenth-century painters as a primer, and it was called "brown sauce."


What format do we consider the three-panelled painting Rebus by Rauschenberg to be?


This is the practice of drawing from a live model or other actual objects.

life drawing

Historically, when artists used silverpoint for a drawing they did so on wood that was covered with a thin coating of ________.

bone ash

Chalk, pastel, and crayon are created using pigment with a binder. Which of the following is a binder?

each answer shown

How did artist D. J. Hall use color pencil to achieve rich color and intense light effects in her work Piece of Cake?

she pressed the pencil aggressively into the paper

Paper was invented by Cai Lun in China around the end of the ________century CE. He used macerated vegetable fibers suspended in water.


Leonardo da Vinci engaged in which activity—banned by the Church—in order to get detailed drawings of the human anatomy?


Robert Rauschenberg created a work titled Erased de Kooning Drawing by erasing a work by the Abstract Expressionist artist Willem de Kooning. How long did it take Rauschenberg to erase the whole drawing?

nearly a month

Quills are a common tool for ink drawing. They were originally made from ________.

bird feathers

The German artist Käthe Kollwitz used charcoal to express ________ in her self-portrait of 1933, even though she rendered her face and hand in a static, realistic way.

a sense of energy

When Raphael transferred his drawing of The School of Athens to the wall for painting, what substance did he force through perforations in the paper?

charcoal dust

Which English artist and poet suggested that drawing is a fundamental artistic skill?

William Blake

Which material looks and writes like lead, was discovered in the mid-1500s, and became the medium for use in pencils?


Which of these is not used to make the bristles for a brush with a bamboo shaft, for example those used by Asian artists?

all of the answers shown

Artists draw for many reasons, including:

all of the other answers

This drawing medium utilizes a piece of silver wire set in a holder.


Pencils have a range of values from very light to very dark. If you wanted a dark value, which of these pencil numbers would be the darkest?


Samples of this drawing medium have been dated back to 30,000 BCE.


Color pencil is much like graphite pencil, but the lead is made from pigment and ________.


Which two types of charcoal are used most commonly as drawing materials?

vine and compressed

What type of non-traditional support did Robert Rauschenberg use for his painting "combine" Bed?

quilt and pillow

Which of the following can be used to create emphasis?

Each answer shown is correct

Which of the following is true of the horizontal band or line of small clippings of colored paper in the composition of Rebus?

they are a disassembled flip chart of paint samples

When an artist wants to draw attention away from a particular part of a composition, he or she uses:


This kind of line tends to be more visually active, so it can draw the viewer’s attention.


This is a specific place of visual emphasis in a work of art.

focal point

The painting Starlight by Agnes Martin uses broad emphasis to draw attention to this part of the work:

the composition as a whole

In Pieter Bruegel the Elder’s Landscape with the Fall of Icarus, the viewer is directed away from Icarus plunging into the sea, through the use of:


An artwork can have only one focal point


In The Funeral of St. Bonaventure, the artist used the principle of ________ to create emphasis and focal point.


Artists can use ________ to organize the elements in a work and draw our attention to areas of emphasis and focal points.

all of the others answers

Although Pablo Picasso was not a Surrealist artist, his painting Girl before a Mirror is hung in the Surrealist gallery at MoMA.


In Girl before a Mirror, Marie-Thérèse Walter’s face is divided down the middle, which allows us to see from which two angles at the same time?

You can see her frontally and in profile . From the left side she appears as a virgin and from the right she appears as a thot .

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