Chapter 1 AP Human geography Vocabulary

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Sequent Occupance:

successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place that add up to the cultural landscape. this symbolizes Human Environment Interaction.

Cultural Landscape:

the fashioning of natural landscape by a culture group to fit their needs.

Arithmetic Density:

total number of people divided by total area of land. how many people per area of land.

Physiological Density:

people per unit of area of ARABLE land; how much land is being used by how many people.


region from which innovative ideas originate.


spread of a feature from one place to another over time.

Relocation Diffusion:

spread of an idea through physical movement from one place to another.

Expansion diffusion:

spread of a feature in a snowballing process; happens 1 of 3 ways: hierarchical diffusion, contagious diffusion, stimulus diffusion.

Hierarchical Diffusion:

spread from a person of authority to other persons and places.

Contagious Diffusion:

the rapid widespread diffusion throughout a population.

Absolute Distance:

exact measurements between two places.

Relative Distance:

approximate measurement between two places.


arrangement of things across Earth’s surface.

Environmental Determinism:

geography is the study of how the physical environment caused by human activities.

Stimulus Diffusion:

underlying principle of a characteristic spreads although characteristic failed.

Absolute Location

position marked using longitude and latitude.

Relative Location:

position relative to other features.


character of a place; what is found at the location and why it is significant.


location relative to other places.

Space Time Compression:

reduction of time to diffuse something because of improvements in Technology.

Friction of Distance:

distance requires some amount of effort, money, and/or energy so interactions tend to take place more often over shorter distances.

Distance Decay:

the farther away one group is from another, the less likely the two groups are to interact.


interconnected nodes without a center.


relationships across the barrier of space.


degree of ease to reach a certain location from other locations.


physical gap between two objects.

Spatial Distribution:

location of phenomenon across SPACE


estimation of extent


representation of real phenomenons at a level of reduction or generalization.

Formal Region: (uniform)

every one shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics like language or climate.

Functional Region: (nodal)

area organized around a node or focal point that dominates at the central focus.

Vernacular Region: (perceptual)

people believe it exists as a part of their cultural identity.


the environment may limit some human actions but people have the ability to adjust new environments.

Natural Landscape:

natural geographical feature created by nature over time.


a common property of distribution; geometric arrangements of objects in space.

Place name:

toponym; name given to a place on earth.

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