CH26

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Richard Nixon’s New Federalism

c. proposed that a system of block grants be assigned to states to spend as they saw fit.

Which is NOT an agency created or act passed under the Nixon administration?

b. Office of Economic Opportunity

Which of the following took place during the Nixon administration?

d. all of these (a. The Family Assistance Plan won approval by Congress. b. Affirmative Action was first pursued and then abandoned by the Nixon administration. c. The Philadelphia Plan was supposed to have provided federal grants to repair cities’ infrastructures.)

Richard Nixon’s appointments to the Supreme Court were intended to

c. lead the court in a conservative direction.

Which Supreme Court ruling is CORRECTLY STATED below?

a. The 1971 ruling Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education disallowed use of busing as a tool to achieve school integration.

During the 1970s

a. the age at which Americans married increased and divorce rates rose.

All of the following are evidence that freedom for women expanded in the 1970s, EXCEPT:

d. Regents of the University of California v. Bakke

The writer Tom Wolfe dubbed the 1970s the "____________ Decade."

a. Me

Under the Nixon administration, all of the following took place, EXCEPT:

a. The Nixon administration supported the government of Salvador Allende in Chile.

According to your text, the Vietnam War

a. was the only war lost by the United States.

When they were arrested, the burglars at the Watergate apartment complex were breaking into the

c. Democratic Party headquarters.

The Church Committee’s findings revealed that since the beginning of the Cold War

a. the CIA and FBI had engaged in abusive actions.

Why had it been premature for liberals to celebrate the downfall of their political adversary Richard Nixon?

d. Watergate undermined public confidence in the merits of the federal government.

Concerning the economy In the 1970s, which of the following is TRUE?

d. all of these (a. In the early 1970s, many Americans had to wait in long lines to purchase gasoline. b. The economic condition known as stagflation was caused by stagnant economic growth and high inflation. c. Pres. Gerald Ford’s policies failed to revive the economy.)

In 1976, Jimmy Carter won the presidential race in part because he

a. promised never to lie to Americans.

The Three Mile Island nuclear plant

c. brought a halt to the nuclear energy industry’s expansion.

Pres. Carter’s foreign policy emphasized

a. human rights as a diplomatic priority.

Why was Jimmy Carter’s suspension of aid to Argentina such a dramatic gesture?

d. Previous administrations had been silent about the regime’s atrocities.

The handling of the Iranian hostage crisis

c. made Jimmy Carter appear weak and inept.

In order to protect U.S. interests, the Carter Doctrine declared that the United States would

d. use military force, particularly in the Persian Gulf.

Pres. Carter

a. had to abandon his desire for peace in the Middle East.

Pres. Carter pursued which of the following policies in response to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan?

d. all of these (a. Boycotting the Moscow Olympics and placing an embargo on grain exports to the Soviet Union b. Funneling aid to fundamentalist Muslims in Afghanistan who fought a guerilla war against the Soviets c. Dramatically increasing American military spending)

During the 1970s, conservatives

b. insisted on more local control and resisted the power of the federal government.

During the 1970s, evangelical Christians

b. significantly increased in number as they became more vocal.

The Moral Majority

b. feared family values were being undermined.

Which of the following statements is true concerning the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)?

d. all of these (a. The ERA passed Congress but failed ratification. b. Opponents of the ERA defined freedom for women as residing in the roles of wife and mother. c. Some who were against the ERA felt that women should not seek fulfillment outside the home)

Which of the following statements best assesses the impact of Proposition 13 in California?

d. The measure reduced funds for libraries, schools, and other services.

The Sagebrush Rebellion defined freedom as

c. being free from government tyranny.

The election of 1980 reflected

a. growing frustration over America’s condition.

Who were the Redstockings?

d. A radical feminist group

The Reagan Revolution

d. included cuts to government programs.

Reagan’s economic program, known as "supply-side economics," relied on

a. tax cuts and high interest rates.

Which striking labor group did Reagan have fired?

c. Air traffic controllers

Reagan’s economic policies

b. resulted in a rise in economic inequality.

The 1980s could be called the second

a. Gilded Age.

"Yuppie" was a term for

c. wealthy, young urban professionals of the 1980s.

Geraldine Ferraro is best known as

a. the first female candidate on a major-party presidential ticket.

In foreign policy, Reagan

a. initiated the largest military buildup in American history.

Determined to overturn the Vietnam syndrome, Pres. Reagan

b. sent troops to Grenada and Lebanon.

The Iran-contra scandal seriously damaged the Reagan administration’s reputation when it revealed that the U.S. had

b. sent funds to Iraq to support that country in its war with Iran.

By the end of Reagan’s second term in office, he viewed the Soviet Union

a. with much less suspicion.

The Environmental Protection Agency, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, and the National Transportation Safety Board were all established during the administration of:

a) Lyndon Johnson. b) Gerald Ford. c) Ronald Reagan. d) Jimmy Carter. e) Richard Nixon.

Affirmative action was:

a) found unconstitutional during the Nixon administration. b) mandated by law only for construction workers. c) implemented only in Philadelphia. d) never a priority during the Nixon administration. e) first pursued and then abandoned by the Nixon administration.

In Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, the Supreme Court ruled that:

a) affirmative action was unconstitutional. b) racial quotas for college admissions were constitutional. c) fixed affirmative action quotas were unconstitutional. d) race could no longer be used as a factor in college admissions. e) gender could no longer be used as a factor in college admissions.

Under the Nixon administration, the United States:

a) supported the government of Salvador Allende in Chile. b) boycotted South Africa to protest apartheid. c) supported democratic reforms in Iran. d) continued to undermine Third World governments deemed unfriendly to the United States. e) focused its foreign policy on Southeast Asia.

In a historic move, in 1972 President Nixon opened diplomatic relations with:

a) Taiwan. b) China. c) the Soviet Union. d) Cuba. e) North Vietnam.

In 1972, President Nixon took part in a historic reconfiguration of Cold War policy when he:

a) became the first president to visit North Vietnam. b) signed the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks agreement. c) refused to sign the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. d) and Josef Stalin advocated détente. e) refused to visit China.

When he assumed the presidency, Richard Nixon announced a new policy regarding the Vietnam War known as:

a) détente. b) Americanization. c) Vietnamization. d) massive retaliation. e) the New Look.

Under the policy of Vietnamization, the U.S. military:

a) ceased bombings in Vietnam. b) successfully cut North Vietnamese supply routes. c) attempted to shift the burden of fighting to South Vietnamese soldiers. d) brought an immediate end to the war. e) brought an end to antiwar protest.

In 1975, the Vietnam War ended:

a) becoming the only war lost by the United States. b) as a military, political, and social victory for the United States. c) leaving very few Vietnamese casualties. d) leaving many Americans optimistic and sure of their country and its purpose. e) as a result of the U.S. invasion of Cambodia.

When they were arrested, the burglars at the Watergate apartment complex were breaking into:

a) the psychiatrist Daniel Ellsburg’s office. b) the Washington Post’s headquarters. c) the Democratic Party headquarters. d) George McGovern’s apartment. e) the Committee to Reelect the President’s (CREEP’s) headquarters.

The economic condition known as stagflation was caused by:

a) declining oil prices. b) low inflation rates. c) stagnant economic growth and low inflation. d) stagnant economic growth and high inflation. e) high income tax rates.

Domestically, President Gerald Ford:

a) was successful at reviving the American economy. b) introduced programs that encouraged growth in the manufacturing sector. c) reversed the economic policies of his predecessor. d) restored Americans’ confidence in their nation, as business boomed. e) failed to revive the economy.

In 1976, Jimmy Carter won the presidential race in part because he:

a) promised never to lie to Americans. b) pledged to pardon Richard Nixon. c) did not support affirmative action. d) was well connected within the Washington political scene. e) promised a return to American isolationism.

President Carter’s foreign policy emphasized:

a) the need to fight communism around the world. b) the policy of containment. c) the right of the United States to intervene in Latin America. d) an increased military presence in Southeast Asia. e) human rights as a diplomatic priority.

Which nation held fifty-three Americans hostage from November 1979 until January 1981?

a) Saudi Arabia b) Nicaragua c) El Salvador d) Iran e) Libya

The handling of the Iranian hostage crisis:

a) was a diplomatic achievement for President Carter. b) restored Americans’ confidence in their nation c) made Jimmy Carter appear weak and inept. d) made Ronald Reagan appear weak and inept. e) ended with the signing of the Camp David Accords.

In order to protect U.S. interests, the Carter Doctrine declared that the United States would:

a) never intervene in the affairs of another nation. b) use military force, particularly in Southeast Asia. c) use military force, particularly in the Western Hemisphere. d) use military force, particularly in the Persian Gulf. e) use nuclear weapons only if attacked first.

During the 1970s, conservatives:

a) continued their overt opposition to the black struggle for racial justice. b) shifted their political rhetoric, insisting on more local control and resistance to the power of the federal government. c) employed the fiery rhetoric and direct confrontation tactics of Bull Connor and George Wallace. d) made little progress. e) appealed primarily to urban Americans.

The Equal Rights Amendment:

a) passed Congress but failed to achieve ratification by the required 38 states. b) passed Congress and was ratified by the required 38 states. c) had the support of all American women. d) had little support from American men. e) was supported by Phyllis Schlafly.

Opponents of the Equal Rights Amendment, like Phyllis Schlafly, argued that the passage of the ERA would:

a) relieve men of their responsibilities in terms of child support and alimony payments. b) finally make women truly equal citizens, a goal set forth at Seneca Falls over a century before. c) be amended so as to exclude women from being drafted into the armed forces. d) not change anything, and so its ratification would mean nothing. e) elevate women to a superior class, allowing women to outnumber men in politics, professional jobs, and higher education programs within a decade.

In 1978, California’s Proposition 13:

a) banned discrimination in housing. b) ended affirmative action within higher education. c) was part of a nationwide tax revolt. d) raised taxes to cover budget deficits. e) banned Mexican immigration.

The election of 1980 reflected:

a) the end of conservatism. b) the validation of big government. c) a return to progressivism. d) growing frustration over America’s condition. e) a referendum for the ERA.

The Reagan Revolution:

a) included an emphasis on global human rights. b) introduced an expanded welfare state. c) strengthened the labor movement. d) included cuts to government programs and regulation e) had little appeal for most Americans.

Ronald Reagan’s economic policy focused on:

a) tax cuts. b) high tariffs. c) government spending on welfare. d) empowering unions. e) increasing government regulations on industry.

Reagan’s economic policies:

a) expanded food stamps and school lunch programs. b) enlarged government revenue. c) decreased the national debt. d) strengthened labor unions. e) resulted in a rise in economic inequality.

The 1980s could easily be called the second:

a) Gilded Age. b) Progressive era. c) Era of Good Feelings. d) New Deal Society. e) industrial revolution.

In foreign policy, Reagan:

a) opposed "authoritarian" noncommunist regimes. b) embraced Carter’s emphasis on civil rights. c) decreased military spending. d) called for a halt to the development of nuclear weapons. e) vigorously denounced the Soviet Union during his first term and initiated the largest military buildup in American history.

By the end of Reagan’s second term in office, he viewed the Soviet Union:

a) as an evil empire. b) with great disdain. c) as an expansionist power. d) as a strong ally. e) with much less suspicion.

The Environmental Protection agency, the occupational Safety and Health Administration, and the National Transportation Safety Board were all establish during the administration of

Richard Nixon.

The opponents of the ERA defined freedom for women as

residing in the roles of wife and mother.

The election of 1980 reflected

growing frustration over America’s condition.

Which statement is not true about the position of the Moral Majority

they were strong supporters fo Roe v. Wade.

The Sagebrush Rebellion defined freedom as

being free from government tyranny.

Voters approved Proposition 13 in California, a law that banned

further increases in property taxes.

"Yuppie" was a term for

wealthy, young urban professionals of the 1980s.

In 1970, President Nixon announced the U.S. invasion of Cambodia,

and in response, an antiwar rally was held at Kent State University, during which four students were killed.

Domestically, President Gerald Ford

failed to revive the economy.

The handling of the Iranian hostage crisis

made Jimmy Carter appear weak and inept.

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