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Which of the following is NOT true about an organization’s strategy?

A. Strategy determines how an organization will compete

B. Strategy is implemented through projects

C. Only top management must understand strategy

D. Project selection should be clearly aligned with strategy

E. Project management plays a key role in supporting strategy


A project selection process that is strongly linked to strategy results in

A. The most profit.

B. Better utilization of the organization’s resources.

C. More projects.

D. A larger and more diverse organization.

E. Stronger core competencies.


Which of the following is NOT true about organizational politics?

A. Project managers should not engage in organizational politics

B. Politics can have a significant influence on which projects receive funding

C. Politics exist in every organization

D. Politics can influence project selection

E. Politics can play a role in the aspirations behind projects


Which of the following terms is often used to denote a project that a powerful, high-ranking official is advocating?

A. Sacred cow

B. Pet project

C. Political necessity

D. Special undertaking

E. Strategic ploy


Why do project managers need to understand their organization’s mission and strategy?

A. To reduce project duration and increase the number of projects implemented

B. So they can make appropriate decisions and adjustments and be effective project advocates

C. It is only important for senior management to understand the organization’s mission and strategy

D. To get their job done and increase opportunities for promotion

E. So that they can make sure the customer is satisfied


Project managers who understand the role that their project plays in accomplishing the organization’s strategy are able to do all of the following EXCEPT

A. Demonstrate to senior management how their project contributes to the firm’s mission.

B. Explain to team members why certain project objectives and priorities are critical.

C. Explain to stakeholders why certain project objectives and priorities are critical.

D. Be able to respond appropriately to delays and/or questions about product design.

E. Be able to focus on problems or solutions, even if the project is a low priority strategically.


All of the following are symptoms of organizations struggling with strategy disconnect and unclear priorities EXCEPT

A. Frequent conflicts between managers.

B. Inadequate resources.

C. Confused employees regarding which projects are more important.

D. Not enough projects within the portfolio to make a profit.

E. People are working on multiple projects and feel inefficient.


Which of the following problems refers to lack of understanding and consensus of organization strategy among top and middle-level managers? This also can result when top management formulates strategy and leaves implementation to functional managers.

A. Multitasking

B. Organization politics

C. Implementation gap

D. Resource conflicts

E. Employee turnover


Which of the following is NOT true for strategic management?

A. It should be done once every few years just before developing the operating plan

B. It supports consistency of action at every level of the organization

C. It develops an integrated and coordinated long-term plan of action

D. It positions the firm to meet the needs of its customers

E. It involves responding to changes in the external market and allocating scarce resources to improve a competitive position


Which of the following is the correct order for the strategic management process?

A. Strategies, mission, objectives, projects

B. Objectives, projects, mission, strategies

C. Mission, strategies, objectives, projects

D. Objectives, mission, strategies, projects

E. Projects, mission, strategies, objectives


Which of the following questions does the organization’s mission statement answer?

A. What are our long-term strategies?

B. What are our long-term goals and objectives?

C. How do we operate in the existing environment?

D. What do we want to become?

E. All of these are answered by the mission statement


Which of the following is NOT one of the traditional components found in mission statements?

A. Major products and services

B. Profitability

C. Target customers and markets

D. Geographic domain

E. Contribution to society


Which of the following is NOT one of the characteristics of effective objectives?

A. Realistic

B. Assignable

C. Flexible

D. Specific

E. Measurable


In order to formulate strategies that align with the mission the organization will need to

A. Assess internal strengths and weaknesses.

B. Analyze competitors.

C. Examine the external environment.

D. Know their core competencies.

E. All of these should be considered when formulating strategies.


The assessment of the external and internal environments is called _______ analysis.


B. Competitive

C. Industry

D. Market

E. Strategic


Which of the following would be classified as an organizational threat?

A. Slowing of the economy

B. Excellent employees

C. Poor product quality

D. Declining facilities

E. High labor costs


Which of the following would be classified as an organizational opportunity?

A. Low debt

B. Excellent employees

C. Increasing product demand

D. Talented management

E. Government regulation


Which of the following is NOT one of the requirements for successful implementation of strategies through projects?

A. Allocation of resources

B. Prioritizing of projects

C. Motivation of project contributors

D. Adequate planning and control systems

E. Quality management


Which of the following is NOT a problem associated with the absence of a project portfolio system?

A. Organizational politics

B. Lack of funding

C. Resource conflicts

D. Multitasking

E. Implementation gap


Susie’s department is implementing many projects. She finds herself starting and stopping work on one task to go and work on another task, and then return to the work on the original task. Susie is experiencing

A. Poor scheduling.

B. Excess work burden.

C. Flexible tasking.

D. Multitasking.

E. Burnout.


Project selection criteria are typically classified as

A. Financial and nonfinancial.

B. Short-term and long-term.

C. Strategic and tactical.

D. Required and optional.

E. Cost and schedule.


The __________ financial model measures the current value of all cash inflows using management’s minimum desired rate of return.





E. None of these


Projects are usually classified into all but one of the following categories. Which one is NOT one of the typical classifications?

A. Compliance and emergency

B. Operational

C. Strategic

D. Political necessity

E. All of these are typical classifications


One who endorses and lends political support for the completion of a specific project is known as the

A. Project manager.


C. Project sponsor.

D. Project lead.

E. Sacred cow.


A project screening matrix typically contains all of the following EXCEPT

A. The list of available projects

B. Specific criteria

C. Weights assigned to specific criteria

D. Costs to complete each project

E. All of these are typically contained


Regardless of the criteria differences among different types of projects, the most important criterion for project selection is

A. How the project will balance risk within the project portfolio

B. The project’s fit to the organization strategy

C. Compliance

D. Nonfinancial

E. Profit


Examples of nonfinancial criteria include all of the following EXCEPT

A. Capturing a larger market share.

B. Reducing dependency on unreliable suppliers.

C. Preventing government intervention and regulation.

D. Making it difficult for competitors to enter the market.

E. Calculating the time it will take to recover the project investment.


Which of the following is true of multiweighted scoring models?

A. Will include quantitative criteria

B. Will include qualitative criteria

C. Each criterion is assigned a weight

D. Projects with higher scores are considered more desirable

E. All of these are true


Which of the following is NOT true when managing a portfolio system?

A. The qualities of a particular project are assessed within the context of existing projects

B. It does not require a constant effort

C. Within a small organization it can be managed by a small group of key employees

D. It requires input from senior management

E. It involves monitoring and adjusting criteria to reflect the strategic focus of the organization


The following are responsibilities of the governance team when managing a portfolio system EXCEPT

A. Deciding how they wish to balance the available organizational resources among the different types of projects.

B. Publishing the priority of every project and ensuring the process is open and free of power politics.

C. Evaluating the progress of the projects in the portfolio.

D. Constant scanning of the external environment to determine if organizational selection criteria need to be changed.

E. Communicating which projects are approved.


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