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The cultural norm of familism often:

requires family members to make sacrifices for the good of the whole.

Which adolescent appears to be experiencing identity diffusion?

Zachary, who spends most of his time hanging out and seems apathetic

According to Erikson, the identity status characterized by not questioning and making no commitment is:


The term for a pause in identity formation, when alternatives are explored before final choices are made, is known as:


Angel’s parents wanted him to be part of the family business—and Angel planned to do so. Then, at age 21, he decided to leave the business to study to be a priest. Angel resisted:

identity foreclosure.

Chris typically can be found with the same group of close friends on the gym steps at lunchtime. He and his friends do not ask others to sit with them. Psychologists call Chris’s group a:


According to Erikson, adolescents are in the stage of:

identity versus role confusion.

The urge to conform to one’s peers in behavior, dress, and attitude is referred to as:

peer pressure.

According to Erikson, the goal of adolescence is to:

find one’s own identity.

Identity versus role confusion

Erikson’s term for the fifth stage of development, in which the person tries to figure out "Who am I?"


A consistent defintion of one’s self as a unique individual, in terms of roles, attitudes, beliefs, and aspirations.

Identity achievement

Erikson’s term for the attainment of identity, or the point at which a person understands who her or she is as a unique individual.

Role confusion (Identity diffusion)

A situation in which an adolescent does not seem to know or care what his/her identity is.


Erikson’s term for premature identity formation, which occurs when an adolescent adopts parents’ or society’s roles, without questioning or analysis.


An adolescent’s choice of a socially acceptable way to postpone making identity-achievement decisions.

A father’s awareness of where his teenagers are, what they are doing, and with whom they are doing it is referred to as:

Parental monitoring.

In the United States, one way for some to legitimatize an identity moratorium is to:

Go to college.

Which statement is an example of gender role?

A man should be primary wage earner.

Suicidal ideation refers to:

Thinking about suicide.

Lydia finds that she often thinks about killing herself. This is called:

Suicide ideation

People’s acceptance of the roles and behaviors that they define as male or female is referred to as their _______ identity.


According to Erikson, the ultimate adolescent psychosocial goal is identity:


In general, as children become adolescents, their self-esteem:


Without any thoughtful consideration, Sean took on an identity that is the opposite of what his or her parents want for him. Sean has adopted a(n):

Negative identity


Petty, peevish arguing, usually repeated and ongoing.

Parental monitoring

Parents ongoing awareness of what their children are doing, where, and when.

Psychological Control

Disciplinary technique in which parents male and child feel guilty, and threatening to withdraw love and support.


A layer group of adolescents who have something in common but who are not necessarily friends.

Friend Selection

Teenagers select friends whose values and interest they share, abandoning friends who follow other paths.


Peers facilitate both destructive and constructive behaviors in one another.

Deviancy training

Destructive peer support in which one person shows another how to rebel against authority or social norms.

Clinical Depression

Feelings of hopelessness, lethargy, and worthlessness that last two weeks or more.


Repeatedly thinking and talking about past experiences can contribute to depression and more common in girls.

Cluster suicides

Several suicides committed by members of a group within a brief period of time.


Any potentially lethal action against self, but doesn’t result in death.

Juvenile Delinquent

A person under that age of 18 who breaks the law.

Life-Course-Persistent offender

A person who commits a crime early and continues though out life.

Adolescence- Limited offender

A person whose criminal activity stops by age 21.

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