Ch 7 ethnicity

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1) Ethnicity is important because

it is a bulwark for diversity in the face of the globalization of culture.

2) Elements of nationalism include all but

political structure.

3) The concept that nationalities have the right to govern themselves is known as the right of


4) Denmark is a good example of a nation-state because

nearly all Danes speak Danish and live in Denmark.

5) Which of the following is not a strong centripetal force in the United States?

the many ethnic groups living in the United States

6) Loyalty and devotion to a state that represents a particular group’s culture is


7) What was apartheid?

the geographic separation of races in South Africa

8) South Africa is the only state in southern Africa that

first elected a Black as president during the 1990s.

9) Balkanization refers to

the breakdown of a state due to conflicts among nationalities.

10) The breakup of Yugoslavia during the 1990s was caused by

rivalries among nationalities.

11) The most important centripetal force in Yugoslavia before its breakup was the

unit of currency.

12) Most Africans shipped as slaves were sent to

South America.

13) As part of the triangular slave trade system, ships bound for Europe carried

rum and molasses.

14) After World War II ended, millions of people were forced to migrate because of

changes in the boundaries of states.

15) One reason for forced migration in Ethiopia was the

civil war with the Eriteans.

16. Large-scale migration occurred in South Asia after 1947 primarily because of the

separation of religious groups.

17) Which of the following is not an element of cultural diversity?


18) The most numerous ethnicity in the United States is


19) Which best describes the distribution of ethnicities in the United States?

regional concentrations-concentrations within cities- concentration in cities

20) African Americans are clustered in what area of the United States?


21. Asian Americans are clustered in what area of the United States?


22) Latinos and Hispanics are clustered in what areas of the United States?

West, Southwest

23) Los Angeles has what kind of ethnic distribution?


24) The largest Hispanic/Latino groups in the United States are from which two countries?

Puerto Rico and Mexico

25) The largest proportion of Asian Americans are from


26. Native Americans and Alaska Natives make up what percentage of the total United States of the population?


27) Ethnic identity for descendants of European immigrants is primarily preserved through

religion and food.

28) Which is the most dramatic change in the geographic distribution of African Americans in the United States?

rural to urban within the state.

29) From 1910 to 1950, population density of African Americans in ghettos


30) Race is

self-identification with a group sharing a biological ancestor.

31. Self-identification includes


32) Racism is belief in

biological classification of people,superiority because of racial identity,inferiority because of racial identity.

33) Which of the following does the United States Census Bureau not consider a race?


34) The "separate but equal" doctrine was legally established by

Plessy v. Ferguson.

35) People who were restricted by covenants in deeds included all but


36. White flight is, decrease in percent Whites because of

Black migration from the Southeast.

37) Neighborhood changes in ethnicity are best explained by the promoting of


38) A nation or nationality is

a group of people tied to a place through legal status and tradition.

39) In the United States, which is shared by all Americans?


40) Nation-states in Europe were formed

by drawing boundaries.

41) Conflict in Africa is widespread because of

colonial boundaries,ethnic groups

42) Traditionally the most important unit of African society was the


43) The former Soviet Union used which as the primary centripetal device?


44) Which describes the nationality of the United Kingdom?


45) Ethnicities in the same country come into conflict when

they have traditions of self-rule

46. Sri Lanka has continuing ethnic conflict between

Sinhalese Buddhists and Tamil Hindus.

47) Conflict over territory in the Middle East is strongest for


48) Until it was forced to withdraw its troops in 2005, most of Lebanon was controlled by


49) The Lebanese civil war resulted when the country broke down because of

changes in the majority between religious groups

50) The process when a group forcibly removes another group is called

ethnic cleansing

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