Ch 17- Social Policy

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Which of the following social policies is currently the most costly to the government?

social security

When did the American welfare state begin?

the 1930s

Which of the following was a key part of President Obama’s overhaul of No Child Left Behind?

a proposal that states could apply for waivers that would exempt them from some of the requirements of No Child Left Behind

The G.I. Bill of Rights of 1944 and the National Defense Education Act were examples of the

federal government’s approach to education policy during the 1940s and 1950s.

Which program was designed to help augment the benefits to the aged, blind, and disabled?

Supplemental Security Income

Which of the following is the strongest factor in predicting which groups in society receive the most benefits from government’s social policies?

groups that are the most politically powerful

What was the main fear concerning the consequences of outdoor relief?

It perpetuated poverty.

The goals of American social policy are

often controversial

In 2010, approximately what percentage of American workers were offered health insurance through their jobs?

60 percent

How did deregulation of the mortgage industry in 1999 help produce the housing crisis of 2007 and 2008?

It allowed many new mortgage companies to form, offering "predatory" loans that people could not afford to repay.

A cost-of-living adjustment is based on

the rate of inflation

Which of the following was important in caring for the poor during the nineteenth century?

churches and religious organizations

The central thrust of federal housing policy has been to

promote home ownership.

Which of the following programs most benefits the working poor?

earned income tax credits

Medicare is a ______ program; Medicaid is a ______ program.

contributory; noncontributory

Charter schools are best described as

public schools that are free to design special curricula.

After the election of 2004, President George W. Bush announced that ______ would be the centerpiece of his domestic policy.

Social Security reform

What do public opinion polls reveal about welfare policies?

Americans view welfare beneficiaries as "undeserving."

The idea that all people should have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they have to achieve their goals is called

equality of opportunity

The number of families receiving welfare

decreased dramatically between 1993 and 2004 but increased significantly between 2004 and 2008.

What is the most significant force determining the distribution of opportunities in the United States?


Which of the following can be concluded from the results of the 1996 welfare reforms?

The reforms have reduced the number of people on welfare but have done little to reduce poverty

Which of the following is a program of forced savings?


Social case work, in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, was largely concerned with

personal counseling and "mental hygiene."

The Temporary Assistance to Needy Families program is administered

by the states, with benefit levels varying between states

What is the shadow welfare state?

social benefits that are distributed by private employers who are being subsidized by the government

One reason that the AFDC program grew significantly in the 1970s was that

court decisions made it more difficult for the government to legally terminate people’s benefits for a lack of eligibility

How did the Great Depression change American attitudes about welfare?

It revealed that poverty could be caused by a flawed economic system, not just by personal irresponsibility

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