Ch. 12 The Central Nervous System

After Joe has a stroke, his doctor asks Joe to touch his right pointer finger to his chin—but Joe is unable to move his right hand. However, when the doctor stimulates Joe's pointer finger with a painful stimulus, Joe's muscles quickly move his hand away from the stimulus. The doctor concludes that ______.

the stroke caused damage to Joe's frontal eye field which interfered with his effort to touch his chin
the stroke caused damage to Joe's right primary motor cortex
the stroke caused damage to Joe's left premotor cortex
based on the doctor's observations, none of the listed answers are correct conclusions

based on the doctor's observations, none of the listed answers are correct conclusions

A patient reports that she has become completely deaf—she can't hear anything. Thorough tests on her ears indicate that her ears have not been damaged. Additional tests reveal that her deafness has been caused by damage to her ______.

primary somatosensory cortex
auditory association area
somatosensory association cortex
None of the listed responses is correct.

None of the listed responses is correct.

At age 79, Mrs. X is diagnosed with a disorder that severely impairs her logical judgment. Medical imaging techniques show that this has been most likely caused by brain damage in a ______.

parietal lobe
frontal lobe
temporal lobe
premotor cortex

frontal lobe

The RAS is comprised of specific pathways primarily in the limbic system.

True
False

False

The canal connecting the third and fourth ventricles and running through the midbrain is the foramen of Monro.

True
False

FALSE

The primary auditory cortex is located in the ________.

prefrontal lobe
frontal lobe
temporal lobe
parietal lobe

temporal lobe

Which of the following best describes the cerebrum?

decussation center
visceral command center
executive suite
motor command center

executive suite

The central sulcus separates which lobes?

frontal from temporal
temporal from parietal
parietal from occipital
frontal from parietal

Frontal from parietal

Which of the following is not a role of the basal nuclei?

inhibiting unnecessary or antagonistic movements
initiating protective reflex actions
controlling starting and stopping movements
regulating attention and cognition

Initiating protective reflex

The frontal lobe is separated from the temporal lobe by the ________.

longitudinal fissure
central sulcus
lateral sulcus
cranial fossa

Lateral Suclus

Two terms for the massive motor tracts serving voluntary movement are ________.

extrapyramidal and rubrospinal
pyramidal and corticospinal
supplementary and cerebellar-pontine
segmental and nigrostriatal

pyramidal and corticospinal

All of the following are structures of the limbic system except the ________.

amygdaloid nucleus
caudate nucleus
hippocampus
cingulate gyrus

CAUDATE NUCLEUS

Important nuclei of the indirect (multineural) system that receive impulses from the equilibrium apparatus of the inner ear and help to maintain balance by varying muscle tone of postural muscles are the ________.

red nuclei
vestibular nuclei
superior colliculi
reticular nuclei

Vestibular Nuclei

Tremor at rest, shuffling gait, stooped posture, and expressionless face are characteristics of ________.

Huntington's disease
spinal cord disease
cerebellar disease
Parkinson's disease

Parkinsons disease

Which of the following is (are) involved with motor activity (either initiation or coordination)?

Wernicke's area
postcentral gyrus
red nuclei
gustatory cortex

Red Nuclei

White matter (myelinated fibers) is found in all of the following locations except the ________.

outer portion of the spinal cord
corticospinal tracts
cerebral cortex
corpus callosum

Cerebral Cortex

Commissural Fibers connect the cerebrum to the diencephalon

True
False

FALSE

Which Parts of the Brain Constitute the "emotional brain" known as the limbic system?

cerebral and diencephalon structures

What type of white matter fiber tracts connects the two cerebral hemispheres?

Projection Fibers
Internal Capsules
Association Fibers
Commissures

Commissures

"Gateway" to the cerebral Cortex

Thalamus

Which part of the brain processes inputs received from the cerebral motor cortex, brain stem nuclei, and various sensory receptors, and then uses this information to coordinate somatic motor output so that smooth, well-timed movement occur?

Thalamus
Cerebellum
Diencephalon
Pons

Cerebellum

Which of the following is NOT one of the three types of functional areas within the cerebral cortex?

Association Areas
Visual Areas
Motor Areas
Sensory Areas

Visual Areas

Parkinson's disease rests from the degeneration of the dopamine real easing neurons of the ____________.

Basal Nuclei
Substantia Nigra
Hypothalamic Nuclei
Reticular Formation

Substantia Nigra

Select the true statement regarding first-order neurons.

First-order neuron cell bodies reside in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord.
First-order neuron cell bodies reside in the anterior horn of the spinal cord.
First-order neuron cell bodies reside in a ganglion.
First-order neurons have cell bodies in the thalamus.

irst-order neuron cell bodies reside in a ganglion.

During an epileptic seizure, the triggering of convulsions would not directly involve the uncontrolled activity of neurons located in the ______.

pyramidal tracts
primary motor cortex
thalamus
medulla oblongata

thalamus

Which of the following is a characteristic of a coma but is NOT a characteristic of sleep?

absence of brain waves ("flat EEG")
irreversible brain damage
continuously reduced mitochondrial activity in brain neurons
All of the listed responses are correct.

continuously reduced mitochondrial activity in brain neurons

Nondeclarative memories preserve the circumstances in which they are learned.

True
False

False

Which brain waves are not normal for awake adults but are common for children?

Beta
Delta
Alpha
Theta

Theta

Which statement about coma is true?

During coma, brain oxygen consumption resembles that of a waking state.
Coma may be caused by widespread cerebral or brain stem trauma.
Coma is a form of deep sleep.
Coma is neurologically identical to syncope.

Coma may be caused by widespread cerebral or brain stem trauma.

Meningitis is the most accurate term for inflammation of neurons.

True
False

False

Which of the following would you not find in normal cerebrospinal fluid?

protein
red blood cells
glucose
potassium

red blood cells

The term cerebral dominance designates the hemisphere that is dominant for language.

True
False

True

Which of the following is not a site where a tumor is likely to cause hydrocephalus?

fourth ventricle
cerebral aqueduct
pia mater
subarachnoid space

pia mater

Spastic paralysis suggests involvement of the ________.

lower motor neurons
spinal nerve roots
neuromotor junction
upper motor neurons

upper motor neurons

Which of the following regions of the brain provides the precise timing and appropriate patterns of skeletal muscle contraction for the smooth, coordinated movements and agility that are needed for our daily living?

pons
medulla oblongata
cerebellum
midbrain

cerebellum

Cell bodies of the somatic motor neurons of the spinal nerves are located in the ventral horn of the spinal cord.
Cell bodies of the somatic motor neurons of the spinal nerves are located in the ventral horn of the spinal cord.
True
False

True

Cell bodies of the sensory neurons of the spinal nerves are located in ________.

the dorsal root ganglia of the spinal cord
the thalamus
the ventral root ganglia of the spinal cord
sympathetic ganglia

the dorsal root ganglia of the spinal cord

Neural tracts that convey life-saving information to the brain concerning burning pain would be ________.

anterior spinothalamic
lateral spinothalamic
reticulospinal
posterior spinothalamic

lateral spinothalamic

The white matter of the spinal cord contains ________.

myelinated nerve fibers only
soma that have both myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers
myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers
unmyelinated nerve fibers only

myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers

An individual accidentally transected the spinal cord between T1 and L1. This would result in ________.

spinal shock only
quadriplegia
paraplegia
hemiplegia

paraplegia

Second-order neurons of both the specific and nonspecific ascending pathways terminate in the ________.

somatosensory cortex
thalamus
spinal cord
medulla

thalamus

The hypothalamus is the area where afferent impulses from all senses and all parts of the body are sorted out and then relayed to the appropriate area of the sensory cortex.

True
False

False (Thalamus)

Ch. 12 The Central Nervous System - Subjecto.com

Ch. 12 The Central Nervous System

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After Joe has a stroke, his doctor asks Joe to touch his right pointer finger to his chin—but Joe is unable to move his right hand. However, when the doctor stimulates Joe’s pointer finger with a painful stimulus, Joe’s muscles quickly move his hand away from the stimulus. The doctor concludes that ______.

the stroke caused damage to Joe’s frontal eye field which interfered with his effort to touch his chin
the stroke caused damage to Joe’s right primary motor cortex
the stroke caused damage to Joe’s left premotor cortex
based on the doctor’s observations, none of the listed answers are correct conclusions

based on the doctor’s observations, none of the listed answers are correct conclusions

A patient reports that she has become completely deaf—she can’t hear anything. Thorough tests on her ears indicate that her ears have not been damaged. Additional tests reveal that her deafness has been caused by damage to her ______.

primary somatosensory cortex
auditory association area
somatosensory association cortex
None of the listed responses is correct.

None of the listed responses is correct.

At age 79, Mrs. X is diagnosed with a disorder that severely impairs her logical judgment. Medical imaging techniques show that this has been most likely caused by brain damage in a ______.

parietal lobe
frontal lobe
temporal lobe
premotor cortex

frontal lobe

The RAS is comprised of specific pathways primarily in the limbic system.

True
False

False

The canal connecting the third and fourth ventricles and running through the midbrain is the foramen of Monro.

True
False

FALSE

The primary auditory cortex is located in the ________.

prefrontal lobe
frontal lobe
temporal lobe
parietal lobe

temporal lobe

Which of the following best describes the cerebrum?

decussation center
visceral command center
executive suite
motor command center

executive suite

The central sulcus separates which lobes?

frontal from temporal
temporal from parietal
parietal from occipital
frontal from parietal

Frontal from parietal

Which of the following is not a role of the basal nuclei?

inhibiting unnecessary or antagonistic movements
initiating protective reflex actions
controlling starting and stopping movements
regulating attention and cognition

Initiating protective reflex

The frontal lobe is separated from the temporal lobe by the ________.

longitudinal fissure
central sulcus
lateral sulcus
cranial fossa

Lateral Suclus

Two terms for the massive motor tracts serving voluntary movement are ________.

extrapyramidal and rubrospinal
pyramidal and corticospinal
supplementary and cerebellar-pontine
segmental and nigrostriatal

pyramidal and corticospinal

All of the following are structures of the limbic system except the ________.

amygdaloid nucleus
caudate nucleus
hippocampus
cingulate gyrus

CAUDATE NUCLEUS

Important nuclei of the indirect (multineural) system that receive impulses from the equilibrium apparatus of the inner ear and help to maintain balance by varying muscle tone of postural muscles are the ________.

red nuclei
vestibular nuclei
superior colliculi
reticular nuclei

Vestibular Nuclei

Tremor at rest, shuffling gait, stooped posture, and expressionless face are characteristics of ________.

Huntington’s disease
spinal cord disease
cerebellar disease
Parkinson’s disease

Parkinsons disease

Which of the following is (are) involved with motor activity (either initiation or coordination)?

Wernicke’s area
postcentral gyrus
red nuclei
gustatory cortex

Red Nuclei

White matter (myelinated fibers) is found in all of the following locations except the ________.

outer portion of the spinal cord
corticospinal tracts
cerebral cortex
corpus callosum

Cerebral Cortex

Commissural Fibers connect the cerebrum to the diencephalon

True
False

FALSE

Which Parts of the Brain Constitute the "emotional brain" known as the limbic system?

cerebral and diencephalon structures

What type of white matter fiber tracts connects the two cerebral hemispheres?

Projection Fibers
Internal Capsules
Association Fibers
Commissures

Commissures

"Gateway" to the cerebral Cortex

Thalamus

Which part of the brain processes inputs received from the cerebral motor cortex, brain stem nuclei, and various sensory receptors, and then uses this information to coordinate somatic motor output so that smooth, well-timed movement occur?

Thalamus
Cerebellum
Diencephalon
Pons

Cerebellum

Which of the following is NOT one of the three types of functional areas within the cerebral cortex?

Association Areas
Visual Areas
Motor Areas
Sensory Areas

Visual Areas

Parkinson’s disease rests from the degeneration of the dopamine real easing neurons of the ____________.

Basal Nuclei
Substantia Nigra
Hypothalamic Nuclei
Reticular Formation

Substantia Nigra

Select the true statement regarding first-order neurons.

First-order neuron cell bodies reside in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord.
First-order neuron cell bodies reside in the anterior horn of the spinal cord.
First-order neuron cell bodies reside in a ganglion.
First-order neurons have cell bodies in the thalamus.

irst-order neuron cell bodies reside in a ganglion.

During an epileptic seizure, the triggering of convulsions would not directly involve the uncontrolled activity of neurons located in the ______.

pyramidal tracts
primary motor cortex
thalamus
medulla oblongata

thalamus

Which of the following is a characteristic of a coma but is NOT a characteristic of sleep?

absence of brain waves ("flat EEG")
irreversible brain damage
continuously reduced mitochondrial activity in brain neurons
All of the listed responses are correct.

continuously reduced mitochondrial activity in brain neurons

Nondeclarative memories preserve the circumstances in which they are learned.

True
False

False

Which brain waves are not normal for awake adults but are common for children?

Beta
Delta
Alpha
Theta

Theta

Which statement about coma is true?

During coma, brain oxygen consumption resembles that of a waking state.
Coma may be caused by widespread cerebral or brain stem trauma.
Coma is a form of deep sleep.
Coma is neurologically identical to syncope.

Coma may be caused by widespread cerebral or brain stem trauma.

Meningitis is the most accurate term for inflammation of neurons.

True
False

False

Which of the following would you not find in normal cerebrospinal fluid?

protein
red blood cells
glucose
potassium

red blood cells

The term cerebral dominance designates the hemisphere that is dominant for language.

True
False

True

Which of the following is not a site where a tumor is likely to cause hydrocephalus?

fourth ventricle
cerebral aqueduct
pia mater
subarachnoid space

pia mater

Spastic paralysis suggests involvement of the ________.

lower motor neurons
spinal nerve roots
neuromotor junction
upper motor neurons

upper motor neurons

Which of the following regions of the brain provides the precise timing and appropriate patterns of skeletal muscle contraction for the smooth, coordinated movements and agility that are needed for our daily living?

pons
medulla oblongata
cerebellum
midbrain

cerebellum

Cell bodies of the somatic motor neurons of the spinal nerves are located in the ventral horn of the spinal cord.
Cell bodies of the somatic motor neurons of the spinal nerves are located in the ventral horn of the spinal cord.
True
False

True

Cell bodies of the sensory neurons of the spinal nerves are located in ________.

the dorsal root ganglia of the spinal cord
the thalamus
the ventral root ganglia of the spinal cord
sympathetic ganglia

the dorsal root ganglia of the spinal cord

Neural tracts that convey life-saving information to the brain concerning burning pain would be ________.

anterior spinothalamic
lateral spinothalamic
reticulospinal
posterior spinothalamic

lateral spinothalamic

The white matter of the spinal cord contains ________.

myelinated nerve fibers only
soma that have both myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers
myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers
unmyelinated nerve fibers only

myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers

An individual accidentally transected the spinal cord between T1 and L1. This would result in ________.

spinal shock only
quadriplegia
paraplegia
hemiplegia

paraplegia

Second-order neurons of both the specific and nonspecific ascending pathways terminate in the ________.

somatosensory cortex
thalamus
spinal cord
medulla

thalamus

The hypothalamus is the area where afferent impulses from all senses and all parts of the body are sorted out and then relayed to the appropriate area of the sensory cortex.

True
False

False (Thalamus)

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