Ch.12 anatomy worksheet

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Which brain nucleus is the body’s "biological clock"?

Suprachiastmatic nucleus

Nuclei of cranial nerves V, VI, VII are found in the_


The arbor vitae refers to

Cerebellar white matter

The brain stem consists of the

Cerebrum, pons, midbrain, and medulla

The primary auditory cortex is located in the

Temporal lobe

Spinocerebellar tracts

Carry proprioceptive inputs to the cerebellum

What cells line the ventricles of the brain?

Ependymal cells

The subarachnoid space lies between what two layers of meninges?

Arachnoid and pia

The vital centers for the control of heart rate, respiration, and blood pressure are located in the


Cell bodies of the sensory neurons of the spinal nerves are located in

The dorsal root ganglia of the spinal cord

Which fissure separates the cerebral hemispheres?

Longitudinal fissure

Which of the following best describes the cerebrum?

Executive suite

A shallow groove on the surface of the cortex is called a


Which of the following generalizations does not describe the cerebral cortex?

The hemispheres are exactly equal in function

If the caudal portion of the neural tube failed to develop properly the

Spinal cord may be affected

The central sulcus separates which lobes?

Frontal from parietal

Neural tracts that convey life-saving information to the brain concerning burning pain would be

Lateral spinothalamic

Which of these would you not find in the cerebral cortex?

Fiber tracts

The white matter of the spinal cord contains

Soma that have both myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers

Which of the following is not a role of the basal nuclei?

Initiating protective reflex actions

An individual accidentally transacted(cut) the spinal cord between T1 and L1. This would result in


Spastic paralysis suggests involvement of the

Upper motor neurons

Ridges of tissue on the surface of the cerebral hemispheres are called


The frontal lobe is separated from the temporal lobe by the

Lateral sulcus

Which of the following statements is a false or incorrect statement?

Damage to the primary motor cortex results only in the loss of both voluntary muscle control and reflexes

Two terms for the massive motor tracts serving voluntary movement are

Pyramidal and corticosprinal

An individual who could trace a picture of a bicycle with his or her finger but could not recognize it as a bicycle is most likely to have sustained damage to the

Visual association area

Broca’s area

Is considered a motor speech area

Which part of the cerebral cortex is involved in intellect, cognition, recall, and personality?

Prefrontal cortex

The blood-brain barrier is effective against

Metabolic waste such as urea

All of the following are structures of the limbic system except the

Caudate nucleus

The process of linking new facts with old facts already stored in the memory bank is called


Which category of memory is involved when playing the piano?


The brain area that regulates activities that control the state of wakefulness or alertness of the cerebral cortex is the

Reticular formation

Which of the following would you not find in normal cerebrospinal fluid?

Red blood cells

REM sleep is associated with

Temporary skeletal muscle inhibition except for ocular muscles and diaphragm

Which of the following is not a function of the CSF?

Initiation of some nerve impulses

Injury to the hypothalamus may result in all of the following except

Loss of proprioception

Important nuclei of the indirect (multineural) system that recurve impulses from the equilibrium apparatus of the inner ear and help to maintain balance by varying muscle tone of postural muscle are the

Vestibular nuclei

Which of the following structures is probably not directly involved in memory?


The area of the cortex that is responsible for sensations of the full bladder and the feeling that your lungs will burst when you hold your breath too long is the

Visceral sensory area

Which statement about coma is true?

Coma may be caused by widespread cerebral or brain stem trauma

Tremor at rest, shuffling gait, stooped posture, and expressionless face are characteristics of

Parkinson’s disease

Which of the following is the mildest consequence of traumatic brain injury?


Declarative memory

Is the ability to learn specific information

Which of the following is (are) involved with motor activity (either initiation or coordination)?

Red nuclei

Which statement is not true?

Stage 4 sleep increases in old age

Which statement about epilepsy is most accurate?

Epilepsy is often genetically induced but also frequently caused by head trauma, stroke, infection, and tumor

White matter is found in all of the following locations except the

Cerebral cortex

Second-order neurons of both the specific and nonspecific ascending pathways terminate in the


Loss of ability to perform skilled motor activities such as piano playing, with no paralysis or weakness in specific muscles, might suggest damage to the

Premotor cortex

Which brain waves are not normal for awake adults but are common for children?


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