CGS 2060 chapter 1-3

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What term is used to illustrate the gap between those with and those without access to technology?

digital divide

Which gesture displays a shortcut menu?

press and hold

Which kind of desktop uses the same case to house the screen and processing circuitry?

all in one

Which of the following is NOT one of the widely used browsers?

Windows Explorer

Which of the following is the term for known specific patterns of viruses?

virus signatures

In which of the following mouse operations do you quickly press and release the left mouse button twice without moving the mouse?

double-click

Which of the following is a collection of computers and devices connected together, as shown in the accompanying figure, often wirelessly, via communications devices and transmission media?

network

You interact with a program through which of the following, thereby controlling how you enter data and instructions and how information is displayed on the screen?

user interface

Which of the following is a worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals?

internet

Who is Microsoft’s founder?

Bill Gates

Which kind of device is hardware capable of transferring items from computers and devices to transmission media and vice versa

communications device

What consist(s) of a series of related instructions that tells the computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them?

software

In which gesture do you move two fingers apart?

stretch

Which of the following conveys meaning and is useful to users?

information

Which of the following is NOT a popular programming language?

Chrome

Which of the following is an electronic version of a printed book, readable on computers and other digital devices?

e-book

Which of the following is a popular social networking site?

Facebook

Which kind of user requires the capabilities of a powerful computer?

power

Which of the following is NOT an operating system used by today’s computers and mobile devices?

DOS

Which type of disc is a type of storage media that consists of a flat, round, portable metal disc made of metal, plastic, and lacquer that is written and read by a laser?

optical

In which of the following mouse operations do you press and release the secondary mouse button?

right-click

In which gesture do you press and hold one finger on an object and then move the finger to the new location?

slide

Which of the following category of users works on a computer while away from a main office, home office, or school?

mobile

In which of the following mouse operations do you move the mouse until the pointer is positioned on the item of choice?

point

In which of the following mouse operations do you point to an item, hold down the left mouse button, move the item to the desired location on the screen, and then release the left mouse button?

drag

In which gesture do you press and hold one finger and then move the finger horizontally or vertically on the screen?

swipe

Which of the following is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory, that can accept data, process the data according to specified rules, produce results, and store the results for future use?

computer

Which of the following is a personal computer that users can carry from place to place?

mobile computer

What is the definition of a website?

a collection of related webpages

In which of the following mouse operations do you press and release the primary mouse button?

click

Which of the following is a specification that enables web content to be distributed to subscribers?

RSS

What involves reducing the electricity consumed and environmental waste generated when using a computer?

Green computing

In which gesture do you quickly touch and release one finger one time?

tap

Collections, such as that pictured in the accompanying figure, allow computers to share which of the following?

resources

Which of the following kinds of software is NOT usually included by an installed operating system?

spreadsheet

Which of the following oversees research for the Internet?

World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

Which of the following is a website like the one in the accompanying figure that offers a variety of Internet services from a single, convenient location?

portal

Which of the following defines FTP sites at which anyone can transfer some, if not all, available files?

anonymous

Which of the following is a small version of a larger graphic on a webpage?

thumbnail

Which of the following includes music, speech, or any other sound?

audio

Which of the following is a program that finds websites and webpages?

search engine

Which of the following is NOT true of a Wi-Fi network?

A Wi-Fi’s Internet service can be dial-up access.

To find a webpage, the user of a search engine would simply enter a word or phrase in the resource’s text box. What is the term for that phrase?

search text

Which of the following consists of a worldwide collection of electronic documents?

web

Which of the following is the development and maintenance of webpages?

web publishing

Which of the following high-speed Internet connections use an antenna on a house or business to communicate with a tower location via radio signals?

fixed wireless

Which of the following is special software that a user needs in order to listen to an audio file on a computer?

media player

Who is the creator of the World Wide Web?

Tim Berners-Lee

Which of the following is true of VoIP?

Skype is an example of a VoIP software

Which of the following is equal to approximately one million characters?

megabyte

Which of the following is a computer that allows users to upload and/or download files using FTP?

FTP server

Which of the following is a program that extends the capability of a browser?

plug-in

Which of the following is the use of computers to simulate a real or imagined environment that appears as three-dimensional (3-D) space?

VR

Which of the following allows access to high-speed Internet services through the cable television network?

cable modem

Which of the following occurs when one consumer sells directly to another consumer, such as in an online auction?

consumer-to-consumer (C2C) e-commerce

What is the term for an electronic document on the web that can contain text, graphics, animation, audio (sound), and video?

webpage

Which of the following terms refers to any application that combines text with graphics, animation, audio, video, and/or virtual reality?

multimedia

What kind of server is another computer that screens all your incoming and outgoing messages?

proxy

As shown in the accompanying figure, which of the following is a real-time typed conversation that takes place on a computer?

chat

What is the descriptor for a filter that warns or blocks you from potentially fraudulent or suspicious websites?

phishing

Which of the following is NOT a type of message you can send with a smartphone?

media message

Which of the following is a category of users?

enterprise users

Which of the following is NOT an example of malware?

vaporware

Which of the following terms is an alternate term for the kind of computer shown in the accompanying figure?

notebook computer

Each employee or customer who uses a computer in a large business is which kind of user?

enterprise

What is a type of personal computer designed so all of its components fit entirely on or under a desk or table?

desktop computer

Which of the following entails having the knowledge and understanding of computers, mobile devices, the Internet, and related technologies?

digital literacy

The Internet has its roots in a network that became functional in 1969, linking scientific and academic researchers across the United States. What was the name of that network?

ARPANET

What is the name for a small device that connects to a computer?

dongle

Which of the following allows users to have multiple home pages that automatically display when the browser runs?

tabbed browsing

Most e-commerce actually takes place between businesses. What is this called?

business-to-business (B2B) e-commerce

For which of the following to work must both parties be online at the same time, and the receiver of a message be willing to accept messages?

instant messaging

What is the term for characters, such as 🙂 or 🙁 , used to express emotion in an email message or newsgroup article?

emoticons

Which of the following is a digital representation of nontext information such as a drawing, chart, or photo?

graphic

Which of the following is a group of email names and addresses used for mass distribution of a message?

email list

Which of the following communicates with a satellite dish to provide high-speed Internet connections via satellite?

satellite modem

Which of the following is a technology that provides high-speed Internet connection using the telephone network?

DSL

What is the term for the transmission of messages and files via a computer network?

email

Which of the following is the code of acceptable behaviors users should follow while on the Internet; that is, it is the conduct expected of individuals while online?

netiquette

Which of the following is a collection of related webpages and associated items, such as documents and pictures, stored on a web server?

website

Which of the following is a business that provides individuals and companies access to the Internet for free or for a fee?

access provider

Which of the following terms means that the people who are conversing on a computer are online at the same time?

real time

Which of the following is application software that allows users to access and view webpages?

browser

What is the term for a combination of user name and domain name that identifies a user so he or she can receive Internet email?

email address

Which of the following is the process of transferring files from a computer to a server on the Internet?

uploading

According to netiquette, Internet users should assume which of the following?

the use of all capital letters is the equivalent of shouting

Which of the following consists of images displayed in motion?

video

Which of the following is built into an upright cabinet that stands alone?

tower server

Which of the following is a network of several servers, like those in the accompanying figure, together in a single location?

server farm

Which of the following is an external device that provides connections to peripheral devices through ports built into the device?

port replicator

What is the term for an ultrathin laptop (like the one shown in the accompanying figure) that uses the Windows operating system?

ultrabook

Which of the following are the fastest, most powerful computers — and the most expensive?

supercomputers

Which of the following is a four- or five-digit number assigned to a specific content or mobile service provider, for example, to vote for a television program contestant or donate to a charity?

CSC

Which of the following is held with both hands and controls the movement and actions of players or objects in video games or computer games?

gamepad

The video clips that users of video message services send are typically how long?

30 seconds

It is estimated by one publisher that, on average, libraries replace a print book after how many checkouts?

26

Which of the following are small and have limited hardware because they are components in larger products?

embedded computers

Which of the following cameras is a high-end digital camera that has interchangeable lenses and uses a mirror to display on its screen an exact replica of the image to be photographed?

SLR

How many peripheral devices can you connect with a USB port?

up to 127

Which of the following is not a part of a server like the one in the accompanying figure?

bundled software

Which of the following is the process of initiating contact between two Bluetooth devices and allowing them to communicate with each other?

pairing

Which of the following are capable of processing many trillions of instructions in a single second?

supercomputers

Which design of tablet, as shown on the right in the accompanying figure, has an attached keyboard?

convertible tablet

Short text messages sent via a text message service are typically fewer than how many characters?

300

What is the electronic component that interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate the computer?

processor

What is the term for the picture/video message service available on smartphones and other mobile devices?

MMS

Which of the following exists in the form of a single circuit board?

blade server

What is another name for a standby UPS?

offline UPS

Which of the following is an affordable and lightweight digital camera with lenses built into it and a screen that displays an approximation of the image to be photographed?

point-and-shoot

Which of the following is a device that plugs in a USB port on the computer or mobile device and contains multiple USB ports?

USB hub

Which of the following terms includes speakers, webcams, and printers as examples?

peripherals

Which of the following is the term for unsolicited mail messages?

spam

Which of the following are small speakers that rest inside each ear canal?

earbuds

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