art chapter 21

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A good example of a Surrealist poetic object is

Object (Luncheon in Fur) by Meret Oppenheim

The first national art museum opened in 1793. This museum, still in operation today, is

the Louvre in Paris

Which art movement was directly influenced by Sigmund Freud’s theories of the unconscious?


In their paintings, the Impressionists often focused on

scenes of leisure involving the middle class

Eugene Declacroix was a leading practitioner of the

Romantic style

A major influence upon European culture of the 19th century, one that gave rise to an expanding middle class, was

The Industrial Revolution

Henri Matisse was told by Gustave Moreau, his teacher at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, "You were born to_____."

simplify painting

The manufacture of oil paint in tubes made it possible for 19th century European artists to make painting a portable activity. The spontaneity and directness of painting outdoors is evident in works by _____ artists.


Which of the following is an American artist?

All of these are correct

Marcel Duchamp created a new art from in which the artist makes nothing, but merely labels an object as art, He called this art form


How did Impressionism get its name?

A critic used the term to describe the movement after seeing the painting Impression: Sunrise, and it caught on

Paul Cezanne’s emphasis on structure in painting was a direct influence in the development of


Romantic art stresses

drama, unbridled emotions, and complex compositions

Vasili Kandinsky became convinced that art should be free of representational subject matter when he

mistook an upside-down painting of his for an unfamiliar work of spectacular beauty

Which of the following artists was a Realist?

Gustav Courbet

The term Post-Impressionism refers to

a neutral term describing the varied directions of a few artists who both accepted and rejected some of the aims of Impressionism

Edouard Manet "borrowed" the composition of his painting Le Dejeuner sur l’herbe (Luncheon on the Grass) from

Renaissance works of art

Pointilism is a technique developed by

Georges Seurat

If Fauvism’s mission was to liberate color from its descriptive role, Cubism’s initial aim was

All of these

The first art movement to be born in the 19th century was ________, which arose as a reaction against Neoclassicism and Romanticism


After the Russian Revolt of 1917 many artists believed that only the most revolutionary art could bring about a new movement, which was called


________, who designed a famous armchair, was a student of the Bauhaus shcool of design in Germany


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