art ch. 20-21

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A good example of a Surrealist poetic object is

Object (Luncheon in Fur) by Meret Oppenheim

The first national art museum opened in 1793. This museum, still in operation today, is

the louvre in paris

Which art movement was directly influenced by sigmund freud’s theories of the unconscious?


In their painting, the impressionists often focused on

scene of leisure involving the middle class

Eugene Delacroix was a leading practitioner of the

romantic style

A major influence upon European culture of the 19th century, one that gave rise to an expanding middle class, was

the industrial revolution

Henri Matisse was told by Gustave Moreau, his teacher at the cole des beaux-arts, you were born to_______

simplify painting

The manufacture of oil paint in tubes made it possible for 19th-century european artist to make painting a portable activity. the spontaneity and directness of painting outdoors is evident in works by ______ artists


Which of the following is an american artist?

Bingham, Tanner, Cassatt, Eakins

Marcek Duchamp created a new art form in which the artist makes nothing, but merely labels an object as art. He called this art form


How did impressionism get its name?

a critic used the term to describe the movement after seeing the painting impression sunrise and it caught on

Paul Cezanne’s emphasis on structure in painting was a direct influence in the development of


romantic art stresses

drama, unbridled emotions, and complex compositions

Vasili Kandinsky became convinced that art should be free of representational subject matter when he

mistook an upside-down painting of his for an unfamiliar work of spectral beauty

Which of the following artists was a realist?

Gustave Courbet


a neutral term describing the varied directions of a few artists who both accepted and rejected some of the aims of impressionism

Edouard Manet "borrowed" the composition of his painting Le Dejeuner sur l’herbs (luncheon on the grass) from

renaissance works of art

pointillism is a technique developed by

Georges Seurat

If fauvisms mission was to liberate color from its descriptive role, cubism initial aim was

a. to reduce the role of color to a minimum b. to invent a new system for depicting form and space on a flat surface c. to find a way of representing the fact that human perception involves multiple viewpoints

The first art movement to be born in the 19th century was _____, which arose as a reaction against neoclassicism and romanticism


After the russian revolution of 1917 many artists believed that only the most revolutionary art could bring about a new movement, which was called


________, who designed a famous armchair, was a student of the bauhaus school of design in Germany


The term New York school refers to a postwar art movement that

was a convenient way to lump together the abstract expressionists

Robert Smithton’s Spiral Jetty is an example of

land art

The term postmodern was first used in reference to a certain style in


The women series of paintings by willem de kooning caused a stir in the art world. They were

seen as shocking and brutal

The Guerrilla Girls use posters and on-site appearances to

bring attention to gender inequalities in the art world

Painting is the primary medium used by all of the following EXCEPT

Louise Bourgeois

Jasper Johns chose familiar images for his subjects matter so that he could then concentrate on all of the following EXPCEPT

the psychological use of color

One of the ideas behind Postmodernism is pluralism, which proposes that art

can take many directions at the same time, all of them equally valid

The term action painting refers to the fact that this new type of painting

traced the actions of the painter

Minimalism, a grand that coexisted with Pop, emphasized a continuation of the exploration of nonrepresentational and the idea that a painting or sculpture is primarily

a physical object

Photorealism refers to

a movement in painting that explores the way a camera sees

Early conceptualists reacted to the burgeoning art market by

attempting to eliminate the art object

Artist Jean-Michel basquiat

began as a graffiti artist

In joseph kosuth’s one and three chairs, the viewer is presented with

three ways of documenting an idea

Anselm Kiefer was one of the most prominent neo-expressionists. his work

dealt directly with the trauma of germany’s past

A neb-dada artist who made art from found materials and images and named his new art form coming paintings is

Robert Rauschenberg

Allan Kaprow took art in a new direction with happenings. his primary claim was

that art was most like life itself

Appropriation contends that the meaning of a work of art

is unstable and communal

A new art form known as installation

creates an environment for the viewer to enter and experience

The artistic recycling of existing images is an aspect of


One of the names most closely associated with performance art is _______, who is known for the multimedia work stories from the nerve bible

Laurie Anderson

Roy Lichtenstein often based his imagery on the

comic book

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