Art Appreciation Ch. 4-5

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which of the visual elements can best be described as "the path of a moving point"?

line

During the 20th century, ______ became a recognized element of art.

motion

Lines are used in art to indicate

boundaries between forms, direction and motion, shadows and highlights, spatial depth on flat surfaces, all of these

In art, shapes that suggest forms found in nature are called

organic shapes

Raphael’s The Madonna of the Meadows is composed using the implied shape of a

triangle

the 18th century Indian painting of Maharana Amar Singh and others watching musicians and acrobats utilizes the two most basic visual cues for implying depth on a flat surface. They are

position and overlap

A black and white photograph of a scene eliminates the hues and intensities of the scene’s colors, but captures the ___ of the colors

values

In drawing, the outer boundaries of two-dimensional forms are defined by___, while the outer boundaries perceived among three-dimensional forms are defined by ____

outlines, contour lines

In painting and drawing, artists often use the technique of ___ to describe the way shadows and light define the mass of forms.

Chiaroscuro

Charles White’s Untitled illustrates the techniques of

hatching

which artist uses light itself as the main material and whose work increases our awareness of light as a presence in the world?

James Turrell

in the additive process of color mixing, red light, green light, and blue light combine to produce

white light

Mixing two primary colors produces a

secondary color

"Passive pink" refers to the color that seemed to calm and relax violent ___ in studies of color’s effects upon the mind and body

children

a necessary feature of pattern is

repetition

the vanishing point in Leonardo da Vinci’s The Last Supper is

all of these: at the exact center of the picture, just behind the head of the figure of Jesus, and on the horizon line

one common issue facing those who work to conserve works of art is

all of these: the effect of light, the work of earlier restorers, changing levels of heat and humidity, pollution

in Albrecht Durer’s woodcut The Draftsman Drawing a Reclining Nude, the draftsman is using a device to help him achieve the effect of

foreshortening

The use of _____ perspective is a prominent aspect of The Rocky Mountains, Lander’s Peak by Albert Bierstadt

atmospheric

Artists can portray ___ textures that are created to look like something other than a flat painted picture

visual

In a two-dimensional work with asymmetrical balance, the appearance of balance is achieved by distributing

visual weight accordingly

rather than depend solely upon visual unity, an artist will sometime create ___ unity by unifying the ideas in a work of art

conceptual

in a two-dimensional work of art that is balanced symmetrically, the implied center of gravity is along the vertical axis down the ___ of the composition

center

the Thirteen-Diety Jnanadakini Mandala uses ___ to suggest that there is a hidden order to the universe.

symmetry

Annette Messager’s Mes Voeux and Joseph Cornell’s The Hotel Eden both demonstrate the use of

conceptual unity

The ancient Egyptians developed a standard set of proportions used to create image of the "correct of "perfect" human, as have many cultures both ancient and modern. This set of proportions was created using a

squared grid

Georgia O’Keeffe’s painting Deer’s Skull with Pedernal is a prime example of

symmetrical balance

Pablo Picasso’s Girl Before a Mirror explores the traditional them of

vanitas

Symmetrical balance, as used by Georgia O’Keeffe, expresses __ and __

order and authority

Another term for asymmetrical balance is

informal balance

In art, the design principle of balance function to:

all of these: encourage our active participation in a work, help communicate a work’s moods, lead our eyes around a work, help communicate a work’s meanings

Henry Ossawa Tanner’s The Banjo Lesson creates emphasis through

all of these: size and placement of the figures, directional lines of sight leading to a focal point, contrasting values of dark skin against a pale background, and elimination of detail and bright colors in the background.

Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen created shock value through us of

scale

This work of art, a royal altar to the hand, uses

hierarchical scale

the ancient Roman architect Vitruvius associated the perfected male form with the perfect geometry of the

circle and square

the use of scale to indicate relative importance is known as

hierarchical scale

the architect Le Corbusier designed the Modulor, a tool used for calculation human proportions, based upon the

golden section

Paul Klee’s Landscape with Yellow Birds and Kaiho Yusho’s Fish Nets Drying in the Sun share a strong use of

rhythm

Artists will often add ___ to provide interest and enliven the unity of a work of art

variety

Edouard Manet’s A Bar at the Folies- Bergere invites us to consider points of view in its subject and composition. Interpretations of this painting include ___ approaches

all of these: formalist, Marxist, feminist, and psychoanalytic

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