Art Appreciation 21-23

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An expanding middle class was brought on by what major 19th century revolution

industrial revolution

What museum was the first national art museum

Louve in Paris

With which art movement was Eugène Delacroix associated

romantic style

What are typical themes, attitudes, and characteristics of Romantic art

drama, unbridled emotion, complex compositions, intuition, and imagination

Which artist was looked on as a champion of 19th century Realism

Courbet was looked on as the champion of the 19th century

What was the first art movement to be born in the 19th century? What was it a reaction to

realism was the opposite of romantic philosophy

Edouard Manet "borrowed" the composition of his painting Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe (Luncheon on the
Grass) from which artists? In what art time period did those artists work

Manet appropriates elements from two famous paintings by titan and Raphael

How did Impressionism get its name

An art Critique used the term, "The Impressionist," to describe the movement after the painting, Impression: Sunrise.

What was the typical subject matter for the Impressionists

Themes of Impressionism are scenes of leisure involving the middle class.

The spontaneity and directness of painting outdoors is evident in the work of artists in what 19th
century art movement

impressionism

What is the term for the group of a few artist who both accepted and rejected some of the aims of Impressionism.

Post Impressionism

What technique was developed by Seurat? How is this technique accomplished

pointillism is a technique that uses dots of pure color next to each other

Which of the artists from this chapter were American artists?

Henry Tanner, Thomas Eakins, Mary Cassatt, and George Caleb Bingham

How did Fauvism change the use of color in painting?

freed color from replicating the real colors of the natural world

What statement was said to have been made to Henri Matisse by Gustave Moreau? What did he mean?

" you were born to simplify painting" concentrate on one element of art color

What minor event in Vasili Kandinsky’s life convinced him that art should be free of representational
subject matter?

mistook an upside down painting of his for an unfamiliar work of spectacular beauty

Paul Cézanne’s emphasis on structure in painting was a direct influence in the development of what
art movement that was explored by both Picasso and Braque?

cubism

Who created a new art form in which the artist makes nothing, but merely labels an object as art?
What did he call this art?

Duchamp called this altered version of the print,"ready-made aided."

What is a Surrealist poetic object? What specific object (work of art) does the author use as an
illustration?

object (Luncheon in Fur) by Meret Oppenheim

What art movement was directly influenced by Sigmund Freud’s theories of the unconscious?

surrealism

After the Russian Revolution of 1917, many artists believed that only the most revolutionary art could
bring about a new movement. What movement did they begin?

constructivism- art should be put to practical use in the production of textiles, architecture, monuments, and graphic design

Who designed a famous chrome-plated tubular steel armchair? With what school was it associated?

Breuer, Bauhaus

The term New York School was used in reference to what group of artists?

was a convenient way to lump together the abstract expressionists

What "action" is reference in the term action painting?

this new type of painting traced the actions of the painter

The author states that the Women paintings by Willem de Kooning have the power to do what?

the power to be disturbing

What two artists were given as examples of artists who work with assemblage?

Rauschenberg and Johns

What is assemblage? Who was the artist that called them "combine paintings? What did critics call
this trend?

is art form found materials and images

Allan Kaprow took art in a new direction with what art form?

coined the term, "Happening"

What decade is closely associated with Minimalism? With Pop art?

the 60’s

What was the source of Roy Lichtenstein’s imagery?

comic book

What is Photorealism?

movement that explores photographic realism

What is Minimalism art about?

jettisons the traditional language of art and does not depict or represent anything, other than what it is

What is "Installation" art?

provides an environment for the viewer to enter and experience

The artistic recycling of existing images is primarily associated with what art period?

postmodernism

Robert Smithson’s Spiral Jetty is an example of what type of art? What are the two names for this art?

land art or earth work

What is the primary concern of the Conceptual artist?

to engage an idea

Sol LeWitt’s Wall Drawing #122 is an example of what type of art? Why?

conceptual art

What is the primary motivation for the Guerrilla Girls?

to bring attention to gender inequalities in the art world

The term postmodern was first used in reference to what type of art?

architecture

How does pluralism relate to post-modernism?

it can take many directions at the same time all of them equally vaild

With what movement is Anselm Kiefer associated? What was often the subject of his art?

one of the most prominent neo-expresstionist. He works directly with the trauma of Germany’s past

What is "appropriation"?

recycling of images

Artist Jean-Michel Basquiat is know for what type of art?

graffiti artist

What inspired Nermine Hammam’s Cairo Year One: Upekkha ?

inspired by the Egyptian Revolution

By what was Imran Qureshi’s work influenced?

influenced by traditional Mughal miniature painting

What type of material did Subodh Gupta use in making the work Dada?

Steel Pots and buckets

To what aspect of Hinduism did Subodh Gupta refer in his work Dada?

Yacht Sculptures.

Which type of technology had a profound effect on Feng Mengbo’s Long March: Restart?

video games

In Fertile Land, who is the artist and what is his nationality?

by the Pitch artist from Cambodia

What subject does Damián Ortega’s Harvest explore?

the subject of language and its representation

Which global event inspired Thomas Demand’s Control Room?

the Fukushima Daichi nuclear power plant meltdown

Which artist did the work Rosetta 2?

Jenny Saville

Which type of interior would artist Ernesto Neto most like to create a work for?

cave

Where was Ernesto Neto’s Leviathan Thot temporary installed?

temporary installation at the Paris Pantheon

In Neto’s Leviathan Thot, to which other art does he compare his work, another art having gravity, grace,
balance, and interaction.

Dance

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