APUSH Chapter 26

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In World War II, the main American strategy to fight Japan was to

mount two offensive campaigns to attack the Japanese from two directions

In World War II, one of the primary American commanders in the Pacific was

Chester Nimitz.

The Battle of the Coral Sea in 1942

marked the first important victory by the United States against Japan

The Battle of Midway in 1942

All these answers are correct.

After 1943, the United States advanced on Japan primarily with the aid of forces from

Australia and New Zealand.

During World War II, the United States Army chief of staff was

George Marshall.

In 1943, the country that pressed for an immediate Allied invasion of France against Germany was

the Soviet Union.

In 1942-1943, the British and American war effort against the Nazis concentrated on

freeing France from German control.

In 1942, in the North African campaign against the Nazis, the

Americans successfully regrouped from a defeat at Kasserine Pass.

In 1943, in a meeting in Casablanca, the Allies decided they would next invade


During World War II, the first Axis country to be defeated was


The Allied decisions that delayed an invasion of France

left the Soviet Union deeply embittered

The U.S. government acquired definite knowledge of the Holocaust

as early as 1942

During World War II, Allied bombers targeted

none of these answers are correct

Regarding European Jewish refugees, between 1939 and 1945, the United States

refused to accept large numbers of refugees

Between 1939 and 1945, the federal budget of the United States

rose over ten fold

During World War II, the regional impact of government spending was the greatest in the


During World War II, the labor force of the United States

saw over 25 million people leave civilian labor for the armed forces

During World War II, organized labor in the United States

won automatic union membership for new defense-plant workers

Which of the following is true of organized American labor during World War II?

no major unions went on strike

The Smith-Connally Act of 1943

all of these are right

Over the course of World War II, inflation in the United States

was a much less serious problem than it had been in World War I

In 1943, to simplify tax collections, Congress enacted

automatic payroll deductions

During World War II, the War Production Board

favored large over small contractors

During World War II, the National Defense Research Committee

was headed by a scientist that was a pioneer in the development of the computer

During World War II, the effectiveness of German U-boats and underwater mines was greatly reduced by
the development of

all of these answers are correct

During World War II, Germany held the technological edge over the Allies in

rocket propelled bombs

All of the following were Allied advances in intelligence-gathering in World War II EXCEPT the

capturing of an Enigma machiene

During World War II, the Fair Employment Practices Commission was created

by President Roosevelt to prevent black protestors from marching on the capitol

During World War II, the U.S. military

began to relax its practices of racial segregation

During World War II, American Indians

saw the war effort undermine it’s efforts to revitalize tribal traditions

In 1942, the United States and Mexico agreed to the braceros program, which

admitted Mexican contract laborers into the United States for a limited time

The 1943 "zoot-suit riots" in Los Angeles

led the city to prohibit the wearing of zoot suits

During World War II, the Allied development of the Gee navigation system

uses electronic pulses to plot course locations

In 1942, when the United States interned Japanese Americans in "relocation centers,"

there was no evidence that Japanese Americans were a domestic security risk

All of the following statements regarding the internment of Japanese Americans in the United States
during World War II are true EXCEPT that

the American government has never admitted any wrongdoing

During World War II, Chinese Americans

all of these answers are correct

During World War II, American women who worked outside the home

tended to be older than women who had worked in the past

During World War II, in the United States, all of the following social indicators experienced a rise in their
rate of occurrence EXCEPT

high school enrollment

Most employed women during the war worked in

the service sector

During World War II, the United States military services

quietly tolerated illicit homosexual relationships

During World War II, Congress abolished the


In the 1944 elections,

Democrats increased their control of the

All of the following statements regarding the Allied invasion of France in June 1944 are true EXCEPT that

the landing occurred over the narrowest part of the English Channel

In August 1944, the Allies liberated from German occupation the city of


In February 1945, an Allied bombing attack on Dresden, Germany

All of these answers are correct

The Battle of the Bulge

ended serious German resistance in the West

In April 1945, American and British forces halted their advance on Germany at the Elbe River

to wait for the Russian Army to arrive

In February 1944, American naval forces won a series of victories in the Marshall Islands, under the
command of

Chester Nimitz

The 1944 Battle of Leyte Gulf

was the largest naval engagement in history

The costliest battle in the history of the United States Marines Corps was the Battle of

Iwo Jima

In mid-1945, evidence of Japan’s desperation to continue the war included

all of these answers are correct

In 1939, the first steps toward the creation of an atomic bomb were taken by

Nazi Germany

All of the following statements regarding the Allied development of an atomic bomb during World War II
are true EXCEPT that

plutonium was a practical fuel for the bomb

The first atomic explosion in history took place in 1945 in

Alamogordo, New Mexico

Prior to ordering the use of an atomic bomb against Japan, President Harry Truman

issued an ultimatum to Japan to either surrender or face utter devastation

The United States dropped a second atomic bomb on Japan in August 1945 after

the Japanese failed to provide a response to the first bomb

The Japanese surrender to the United States

all of these answers are correct

Which of the following is true of casualties in World War II?

all of these answers are correct

The 1944 Battle of Leyte Gulf

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