APUSH- Chapter 12

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Abby Kelley

Demonstrated the interconnectedness of nineteenth-century reform movements

According to Alexis de Tocqueville, what were the most important institutions for organizing Americans?

Voluntary associations

About _______ reform communities, often called utopian communities, were established in the United States during the first half of the nineteenth century.


The reform communities established in the years before the Civil War

Set out to reorganize society on a cooperative basis

Who founded the Shakers?

Ann Lee

At the end of their trek in the mid-1840’s, Mormons led by Brigham Young founded

Salt Lake City, Utah

The Oneida community

Controlled which of its members would be allowed to reproduce

Brook Farm

Was founded by New England transcendentalists

Which of the following correctly pairs the reform community with the state in which it was located?

New Harmony: Indiana

Although it only lasted a few years, the New Harmony community

Influences education reformers and women’s rights advocates

Utopian communities were unlikely to attract much support because most Americans

Saw property ownership as key to economic independence, but nearly all the utopian communities insisted members give up their property

Burned-over districts were

In Kansas and Nebraska, where fighting broke out over issues of slavery

How did reformers reconcile their desire to crests moral order with their quest to enhance personal freedom?

They argued that too many people were "slaves" to various sins and that freeing them from this enslavement would enable them to compete economically

By 1840, the temperance movement in the United States had

Encouraged a substantial decrease in the consumption of alcohol

Members of which of the following groups were generally opposed to the temperance movement


What did reformers commonly believe about prisons and asylums?

That they could rehabilitate individuals and then release them back into society

The proliferation of new institutions such as poorhouses and asylums for the insane during the antebellum era demonstrated the

Tension between liberation and control in the era’s reform movements

Common schools

Existed in every northern state by the time of the Civil War

The colonization of freed U.S. slaves to Africa

Prompted the adamant opposition of most free African-Americans

Like Indian removal, the colonization of former slaves rested on the premise that America

Was fundamentally a white society

How did the abolitionist movement that arose in the 1830s differ from earlier antislavery efforts?

The later movement drew much more on the religious conviction that slavery was an unparalleled sin and needed to be destroyed immediately

Who was the North Carolina-born free black whose Appeal to the Coloured Citizens of the World won widespread attention

David Walker

William Lloyd Garrison

Suggested that the North dissolve the Union to free itself of any connection to slavery

William Lloyd Garrison published an abolitionist newspaper called

The Liberator

William Lloyd Garrison argued in "Thoughts on African Colonization" that

Blacks were not "strangers" in America to be shipped abroad, but should be recognized as a permanent part of American society

Before the Civil War, who came to believe that the U.S. Constitution did not provide national protection to the institution of slavery?

Frederick Douglas

How did the abolitionists link themselves to the nation’s Revolutionary heritage?

They seized on the preamble to the Declaration of Independence as an attack against slavery

The role of African-Americans in the abolitionist movement

Included helping to finance William Lloyd Garrison’s newspaper

What book was to some extent modeled on the autobiography of fugitive slave Josiah Henson?

Uncle Tom’s Cabin

According to the mid-nineteenth century physicians and racial theorists Josiah Nott and George Gliddon,

There was a hierarchy of races, with blacks forming a separate species between whites and chimpanzees

The frontispiece of the 1848 edition of David Walker’s book depicts a black figure receiving "liberty" and "justice" from


How did abolitionists challenge stereotypes about African-Americans?

Countering the pseudoscientific claim that they formed a separate species

What did the Fourth of July represent to Frederick Douglas?

The hypocrisy of a nation that proclaimed liberty but sanctioned slavery

The gag rule

Prevented Congress from hearing antislavery petitions

The death of Elijah Lovejoy in 1837

Convinced many northerners that slavery was incompatible with white Americans’ liberties

Frederick Douglas wrote, "When the true history of the antislavery cause shall be written, ________ will occupy a large space in it’s pages."


Dorothea Dix devoted much time to the crusade for the

Construction of humane mental hospitals for the insane

Angelina and Sarah Grimke

Critiqued the prevailing notion of separate spheres for men and women

The first to apply the abolitionist doctrine of universal freedom and equality to the status of women

Were the Grimke sisters

The Seneca Falls’ Conventions’ Declaration of Sentiments

Condemned the entire structure of inequality between men and women

What was a "bloomer" in the 1850’s?

A feminist style of dress

The ________ was established in hopes of making abolitionism a political movement

Liberty Party

The organized abolitionist movement split in two wings in 1840, largely over

A dispute concerning the proper role of women in antislavery work

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