AP Government Chapter 4

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Which constitutional amendment protects the individual against self incrimination?

D. Fifth

The Supreme Court has reasoned that a right of privacy is provided by

D. A reasonable interpretation of other constitutional protections of individual rights

Public opinion surveys suggest that American

C. Strongly support civil liberties in the abstract

According to the Supreme Court, prayer in public schools violates

B. The establishment clause

The conviction of members of the American Communist party in the early 1950s was initially upheld as a lawful restriction of the right

B. Of free expression

Spoken words that are known to be false and harmful to a person’s reputation are an example of

B. Slander

The establishment clause prohibits government from

C. Favoring one religion over another or supporting religion over no religion

Like all other rights, the right of free expression is

B. Not absolute

Libel applies to defamation of an individual’s reputation through the

A. Written word

The term, civil liberties, refers to liberties that

C. Are constitutionally protected from infringement by government

Which of the following is true about the Supreme Court?

B. The justices ruled that the right to privacy includes gay and lesbian consensual relations

The freedoms of speech, press, assembly, and petition are found in

A. The First Ammendment

The exclusionary rule states that

D. Evidence obtained illegally is inadmissible in court

According to the Supreme Court, which is true regarding freedom of assembly?

C. Public officials can regulate the time, place, and conditions of public assembly, provided the regulations are reasonable

Which of the following amendments contains a due process clause?

D. Fourteenth

Due to the free exercise-clause, the Supreme Court ruled in 1972 that the Amish

C. Were exempt from a law requiring that their children attend school until they were sixteen years old

The institution that is most partial to the protection of civil liberties is

E. The judiciary

In a 2004 case involving the issue of whether a U.S. citizen accused of terrorist acts is entitled to constitutional protections, the Supreme Court held that such citizens

E. Do have the right to a judicial hearing

Government can lawfully prevent a political rally from taking place

D. When it can demonstrate that harmful acts will necessarily result from the rally

In Schenck v. United States (1919), the Supreme Court ruled that

B. Speech could be restricted when the nation’s security is at stake

The Supreme Court’s position on prior restraint of the press is that

C. Furnish attorneys for poor defendants in felony cases

Gideon v. Wainwright required the states to

C. Furnish attorneys for poor defendants in felony cases

In Planned Parenthood v. Casey (1992), the justices

B. Reaffirmed the right to an abortion in the early months of pregnancy

The absorption of certain provisions of the Bill of Rights into the Fourteenth Amendment so that these rights are protected from infringements by the state governments is called

C. Selective incorporation

The Fourth Amendment protects Americans from

B. All unreasonable searches

Justice Holmes’ "clear and present danger" test holds that government can

A. Restrict speech that threatens national security

According to the Supreme Court, what is the status of prayer in the public schools?

B.State-supported prayers are not allowed in public schools

The Miranda warning was upheld by the Supreme Court in 2000 in

E. Dickerson v. United States

Justice Stone’s 1938 judicial doctrine holds that

B. First Amendment rights are the basis of most other rights

Voluntary school prayer in the public schools was ruled unconstitutional in

B. Engel v. Vitale (1962)

Which Supreme Court Justice once wrote that "the history of liberty has largely been the history of the observance of procedural guarantees"?

A. Justice Felix Frankfurter

Since the 1980s, the Supreme Court has addressed the exclusionary rule by

E. None of these answers is correct

"You have the right to remain silent….Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law…You have the right to an attorney." This is called

C. The Miranda Warning

The individual freedoms in the Bill of Rights were extended by the Fourteenth Amendment to include protection from

D. Actions of state and local government

The individual right that is considered to be the most fundamental to the maintenance of a democratic society is

B. Freedom of expression

In Mapp v. Ohio, the exclusionary rule was extended to include

A. Criminal proceedings in the states

All civil liberties are

B. Conditional

Gideon v. Wainwright is to the Sixth Amendment as Mapp v. Ohio is to the

B. Fourth Amendment

Which of the following is correct with regard to obscenity and the law?

A. Obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment

If a person yells "fire" in a crowded theater when there is no fire, and people are hurt in the ensuing panic, that individual abused his freedom of speech according to the doctrine of

B. Clear and present danger

Which is true about the judiciary in America?

E. The courts are not isolated from public moods, and must balance society’s need for safety against the rights of the individual

In the Constitution, procedural due process is protected by the

E. All of these answers are correct

The Supreme Court upheld the use of tax-supported vouchers to attend private or parochial school in

C. Zelman v. Simmons-Harris

In Texas v. Johnson, the Supreme Court ruled that

C. Flag burning, although offensive, cannot be prohibited

According to the Supreme Court, prior restraint on the press is only acceptable if

B. The government can clearly justify the restriction

In Bowers v. Hardwick (1986), the Supreme Court justices determined that

E. The right to privacy does not include homosexual acts

Which of the following is true about the Sedition Act of 1798?

A. The Act prohibited malicious newspaper stories about the president

The right to privacy was instrumental in which decision?

A. Roe v. Wade

In the case of McNabb v. United States, Justice Felix Frankfurter defined justice in the United States primarily in terms of whether

A. The proper procedures for conviction have been followed

The right to counsel is guaranteed by the _____ Amendment.

C. Sixth

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