AP Gov ch. 13 Vocab Presidency

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A constitutional procedure by which federal judges and civil officers can be removed from office before their terms expire

25th Amendment

Legislation that specifies the conditions and order of succession to the presidency and vice presidency when the president leaves office before completion of his term


People who alternate between jobs in the federal government and employment in the private sector

White House Office

Presidential staff who oversee the policy interests of the president

veto message

A statement sent to Congress by the president giving the reasons for vetoing a bill

prime minister

The chief executive in a parliamentary system who is chosen by the legislature

executive privilege

The presidential assertion of the right to withhold certain information from Congress

Office of Management and Budget

The organization responsible for preparing the federal budget and for central clearance of legislative proposals from federal agencies

independent agencies

Agencies headed by appointees who serve for fixed terms and can be removed only "for cause"

impoundment of funds

A presidential refusal to spend money appropriated by Congress

Executive Office of the President

Agencies that perform staff services for the president but are not part of the White House

line-item veto

The right of some governors and the president in a limited way since 1996 to veto only portions of a bill instead of having to veto the entire bill (ended in 1998)

electoral college

A legal system by which states select electors who then vote for the president and vice president

Article II

A statement that defines the constitutional powers of the president

ad hoc structure

A method of organizing a president’s staff in which several task forces, committees, and informal groups deal indirectly with the president


A president’s council of advisers

circular structure

A method of organizing a president’s staff in which several presidential assistants report directly to the president

direct democracy

A political system in which all or most citizens participate directly by either holding office or making policy

divided government

A government in which one party controls the White House and another party controls one or both houses of Congress

lame duck

A politician who is still in office after having lost a reelection bid

legislative veto

The rejection of a presidential or administrative action by a vote of one or both houses of Congress without the consent of the president

representative democracy

A political system in which leaders and representatives acquire political power by means of a competitive struggle for the people’s vote

unified government

A government in which the same party controls the White House and both houses of Congress


The fringe benefits of holding an office

pocket veto

A form of veto in which the president fails to sign a bill passed by both houses within ten days and Congress has adjourned during that time

pyramid structure

A method of organizing a president’s staff in which most presidential assistants report through a hierarchy to the president’s chief of staff

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