American History Unit 2 Chapter 6

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As a result of the American Revolution, Americans rejected:

the principle of hereditary aristocracy.

How did the Revolutionary War change the meaning of freedom?

It challenged the inequality that had been fundamental to the colonial social order.

What served as a sort of "school of political democracy" for the members of the "lower orders" in the colonies-turned-states?

the militia

How did Pennsylvania display the Revolutionary War’s radical potential?

Philadelphia’s artisan and lower-class communities took control and put a new emphasis on freedom and on more democratic politics.

Which statement about Revolutionary Pennsylvania is FALSE?

The state’s new constitution gave only limited power to the state’s governor.

In his Thoughts on Government (1776), John Adams advocated state constitutions that provided for:

a powerful governor and a two-house legislature that reflected the division of society between wealthy and ordinary men.

In regards to voting for the states, what was a contentious issue?

owning property

The constitution of which state eliminated all property and tax qualifications for voting in 1777?


Which state’s constitution granted suffrage to all "inhabitants" who met a property qualification, allowing property-owning women to vote until an 1807 amendment limited suffrage to males?

New Jersey

The new state constitutions created during the Revolutionary War:

greatly expanded the right to vote in almost every state.

An example of anti-Catholicism during the 1770s was the:

First Continental Congress’s denunciation of the Quebec Act.

How did the War for Independence affect anti-Catholicism in America?

The alliance with France, a predominately Catholic country, helped diminish American anti-Catholicism.

Benedict Arnold offered which justification for his treason?

America’s new alliance with France, a Catholic state, was too much for him to bear.

Thomas Jefferson’s views on religion and Christian doctrines:

demonstrated his rejection of the divinity of Jesus.

Which of the following is true of how the new state constitutions in the Revolutionary era dealt with the issue of religious liberty?

Seven state constitutions began with a declaration f rights that included a commitment to "the free exercise of religion."

Thomas Jefferson’s Virginia "Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom" did the following EXCEPT:

allowed a second set of standards for Catholics.

For which three accomplishments did Thomas Jefferson wish to be remembered?

the Declaration of Independence, the University of Virginia, the "Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom"

As a result of the religious freedom created by the Revolution:

upstart churches began challenging the well-established churches.

In order to encourage virtue in future citizens, Thomas Jefferson and John Adams:

proposed free public education.

Christian republicanism is a scholarly idea that was characteristic of all of the following EXCEPT it:

was encouraged by Revolutionary leaders.

Why did apprenticeship and indentured servitude decline after the revolution?

The lack of freedom inherent in apprenticeship and indentured servitude struck growing numbers of Americans as incompatible with republican citizenship.

According to Noah Webster, what was the very soul of a republic?


Why did John Adams believe that land ownership was vital to society?

If more people owned land, it would be less likely that fixed and unequal social classes would emerge.

What role did rising prices play during the Revolution?

They prompted protests by Americans, especially women, who took goods from merchants whom they accused of hoarding.

In order to deal with a wartime economic crisis in 1779, Congress urged states to:

adopt measured to fix wages and prices.

Which of the following contributed to the success of free trade advocates during the Revolutionary War?

the publication of Adam Smith’s The Wealth of Nations.

What did the "invisible hand" refer to?

the free market

Approximately how many free Americans remained loyal to the British during the war?

20 to 25 percent

Which of the following groups did NOT include a significant proportion of Loyalists during the Revolutionary War?

wealthy New York families

Which of the following was NOT an example of Loyalists being deprived of their freedom by patriots?

The New England states forced Loyalists into militias against their will.

Which statement about Loyalists is FALSE?

Fewer that 10,000 Loyalists left America after the war.

What role did Native Americans play in the Revolutionary War?

They divided in allegiance, just as white Americans did.

General John Sullivan:

destroyed forty Indian towns in a campaign against the Iroquois.

What policy did the new United States pursue in its dealings with Native Americans?

The U.S. government set out to dispossess the Native Americans of their remaining rich lands and drive them westward.

Joseph Brant, a young Mohawk:

wanted to create an Indian confederacy between Canada and the United States.

Apart from "liberty," ___________ was the word most used in the late eighteenth century in legal and political literature.


In a famous speech to Parliament, the British statesman Edmund Burke said what regarding a link between slavery and liberty for American colonists?

He argued that the colonists were sensitive to threats to their liberties because they were so familiar with slavery.

Virtually every founding father owned at least one slave at some point in his life. What was a notable exception?

John Adams

What did South Carolina promise every white volunteer at the war’s end?

a slave

Which of the following was NOT a key obstacle to the abolition of slavery in the Revolutionary era and new nation?

the widespread fear that freed slaves would move west and unite with Indians

Who publicly referred to slavery as a "national crime" that would one day bring "national punishment"?

Benjamin Rush

Who was Phillis Wheatley?

a poet who wrote about how African-Americans felt about freedom.

Which settlement in Africa did the British establish for former slaves from the United States?

Sierra Leone

The efforts to emancipate slaves in the 1770s and 1780s:

reflected the importance of property rights.

Which statement about blacks and freedom in the Revolutionary era is FALSE?

After the revolution, emancipation in the North was swift and all-encompassing.

After the Revolution, African-Americans in the North:

often wound up in a state similar to that of indentured servitude.

The free black population after the Revolution:

often enjoyed the right to vote if its male members met taxpaying or property qualifications.

Which of the following was NOT a way in which women contributed to the Revolutionary cause?

replacing their husbands in political offices

Which statement about gender and politics in the Revolutionary era is FALSE?

In appreciation for their invaluable contribution to the war effort, women were allowed universal suffrage.

Republican motherhood encouraged:

greater educational opportunities for women.

"Republican motherhood" was an ideology that held:

women played an indispensable role in the new nation by training future citizens.

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