American Government Ch. 9-12 (Ledet)

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A U.S. Senator has a _________ term


Which of the following does NOT typically affect a person’s decision to run for elected office

the individual’s ability to meet the extensive list of educational requirements de-fined by local, state, & federal laws

Which of the following is the best definition of a constituent

it is a person who lives in the district represented by a member of the legislature

Congress is a _________ legislature with ________ members

bicameral ; 535

A bicameral legislature is one that has ___________

two chambers or houses

Under the original Constitution, senators ___________

were appointed by state legislatures

The idea of __________ representation identifies the best representative as the one who shares a similar racial, ethnic, religious, or occupational background with those he or she represents


Following the 2006 elections, __________ became speaker of the House

Nancy Pelosi

What is the most common occupation among members of Congress before coming to Congress


A senator or representative running for re-election is called a ______________


The process of allocating congressional seats among the fifty states is called ________________


Which of the following statements concerning the process of reapportionment is correct

in order for one state to gain a seat, another state must lose a seat

Gerrymandering refers to the _______________

manipulation of electoral districts to serve interests of a particular group

Pork-barrel legislation ______________

deals with specific projects & their location within a particular congressional district

Which of the following best explains the small number of women in Congress

incumbency is a very powerful resource, & most incumbents have been men

Which of the following is a key assumption of the sociological model of representation

because similarity helps promote goof representation, the composition of legislative bodies should mirror the composition of society

Which of the following statements concerning the representation of women & minorities in the U.S. Congress is true

representation of women & minorities has decreased by one-third since the 1970s

The House Ways & Means Committee has jurisdiction over ____________________

taxes, trade, & entitlement programs

A proposed piece of legislation is called a ________


According to _______ representation, legislatures should be viewed as a person who is hired to present the interests of is or her constituents


How can President’s veto be overrun by Congress

by a two-thirds vote in both chambers

The offie of the President was established by Article ___ of the Constitution


Which if the following attributes did the framers intend for the offie of the President to possess


What did the framers intend to accomplish by indirect election of the president

to make the Present responsible to state & national legislatures

The turning point in American politics toward a president-centeredgivernment came about during the administration of ____________

Franklin Roosevelt

________ powers are specifically established by the language of the Constitution


The President’s delegated powers come from _______


The President’s expressed powers include all of the following categories except ____________________


The State of the Union address is _________________

mandated by the Constitution

Which of the following has caused an increase in the President’s delegated powers

the increasing scope and complexity of legislation

In understanding the campaign against the Taliban in 2001, George W. Bush _______________________

sought & received congressional authorization for the bombing but not a declaration of war

The power to receive ambassadors is an example of _____________

an expressed power

Which of the following is NOT an expressed power of the President under Article II of the U.S. Constitution

to declare war

When Dwight Eisenhower sent federal troops into Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas in 1957, it demonstrated that the ________________

President may make unilateral use of the emergency powers to protect states against domestic disorder

Which of the following statements about the Presidential veto is most accurate

use of the veto varies considerably across presidential administrations, & vetoes are seldom overridden

The _______ is the informal designation for the heads of the major federal government departments


The President’s group of advisors & analysis is collectively called the _________________

White House staff

After the President & Vice President, which office is next in the line of succession

Speaker of the House

_________________ was the first first lady to seek public office on her own

Hillary Clinton

Since the 1950s, compared with the entire workforce, the number of federal employees has

gradually declined

THe ____ is the head of a cabinet department


Which of the following is NOT a major role of bureaucracy

passing laws

Public bureaucracies are powerful because _________

legislatures, chief executives, & the people delegate vast power to make sure a particular job is done

A bureau charged with putting restrictions & obligations on individuals or corporations in the private sector is called a ______ agency


What agencies ar responsible fro promoting the public welfare

Dept. of Veteran Affairs, Dept. of Labor, Dept. of Health & Human Services, and the Dept. of the Interior

Which of the following is the best description of an iron triangle

the stable relationship between a bureaucratic agency, a clientele group, & a legislative committee

Prior cases whose principles are used by judges to decide current cases are called ___________


The area of authority possess by a court, in terms of either subject area or geography, is called its ______________


Which of the following is the essence of the rule of law

every state must judge government officials by the same laws as its citizens are judged

The doctrine of ______ requires courts to follow prior decisions when ruling on a case

state decisis

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