Air Movement

Sea and land breezes are caused because ____.
a.
the land heats and cools more slowly than the water
b.
the land heats and cools more quickly than the water
c.
air moves more easily over water than over land
d.
air moves more easily over land than over water

B. The land heats and cools more quickly than the water

Land breezes occur at night.
TRUE OR FALSE

TRUE

Surface winds tend to curve due to which of the following?
a.
The Corona effect
b.
The Coriolis effect
c.
The Corolla effect
d.
None of the above

B. The Coriolis Effect

A plane flying against a jet stream will travel faster than a plane traveling with a jet stream.
TRUE OR FALSE

FALSE

Which of the following occurs along coasts during the day?
a.
Land breeze
b.
Sea breeze
c.
Continental breeze
d.
Surf breeze

B. Sea breeze

The movement of hot and cold air between land and sea creates what?
a.
Sea breeze
b.
Solar energy
c.
Trade winds
d.
Coriolis effect

A. Sea breeze

The jet stream occurs in the mesosphere.
TRUE OR FALSE

FALSE

Not all areas on Earth's surface receive the same amount of radiation because Earth's surface ____.
a.
is flat
c.
has continents on it
b.
is curved
d.
is mostly water

B. is curved

Which of the following winds are found in the upper troposphere?
a.
Jet streams
b.
Trade winds
c.
Surface winds
d.
Coriolis winds

A. Jet streams

The ____ is caused by the Earth's rotation.
a.
jet stream
c.
sea breeze
b.
Coriolis effect
d.
land breeze

B. Coriolis effect

What is the coriolis effect?

The apparent curving of the path of a moving object from an otherwise straight path due to the Earth's rotation.

What is a jet stream?

Narrow belt of strong winds that blows near the top of the troposphere.

What is a sea breeze?

Movement of air from sea to land during the day when cooler air from above the water moves over the land, forcing the heated, less dense air above the land to rise.

What is a land breeze?

Movement of air from land to sea at night, created when cooler, denser air from the land forces up warmer air over the sea.

http://media.edgenuity.com/evresources/651-05-01-03-00_files/i0210000.jpg
The breeze in the figure above occurs because ________ heats and cools more quickly than _______.

Land; Water

Describe the Coriolis effect.

The rotation of Earth causes moving fluids to appear to move east to west in the southern hemisphere and west of east in the northern hemisphere in a phenomenon known as the Coriolis effect.

http://media.edgenuity.com/evresources/651-05-01-03-00_files/i0210000.jpg
In the figure above, cool air is more dense and forces up ______ air.

Warm

Why does Antarctica receive less of the Sun's heat than Panama?

The curve of Earth's surface means that solar waves hit Earth at different angles. Panama is located near the equator and receives more direct rays and more heat than Antarctica which is located near the south pole.

Why do sea breezes occur during the day?

Sea breezes occur during the day because solar radiation warms the land more than the water. This causes the warmer air over the land to rise. The resulting convection current causes wind to blow in from the sea.

Why do you think that sailors sail at different latitudes when they travel east or west?

Sailors sail at different latitudes when they travel East or West because of the direction of the prevailing winds varies with latitudes.

http://media.edgenuity.com/evresources/651-05-01-03-00_files/i0210000.jpg
In the figure above it shows how a(n) ________ breeze works.

Sea

Air above the equator is heated more than at any other place on Earth because solar rays strike the equator ____.
a.
at a 180° angle
c.
more directly
b.
at a 45° angle
d.
none of the above

C. more directly

The flow of air caused by ____ and the Coriolis effect creates distinct wind patterns on Earth's surface.
a.
differences in heating
c.
magnetic fields
b.
the ozone layer
d.
the jet streams

A. differences in heating

The angle that the Sun's rays strike a region of Earth determines the amount of heat transferred.
TRUE OR FALSE

TRUE

When cool, dense air from over the water flows inland, it's called a ____.
a.
land breeze
c.
jet stream
b.
polar easterly
d.
sea breeze

D. sea breeze

Air Movement - Subjecto.com

Air Movement

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Sea and land breezes are caused because ____.
a.
the land heats and cools more slowly than the water
b.
the land heats and cools more quickly than the water
c.
air moves more easily over water than over land
d.
air moves more easily over land than over water

B. The land heats and cools more quickly than the water

Land breezes occur at night.
TRUE OR FALSE

TRUE

Surface winds tend to curve due to which of the following?
a.
The Corona effect
b.
The Coriolis effect
c.
The Corolla effect
d.
None of the above

B. The Coriolis Effect

A plane flying against a jet stream will travel faster than a plane traveling with a jet stream.
TRUE OR FALSE

FALSE

Which of the following occurs along coasts during the day?
a.
Land breeze
b.
Sea breeze
c.
Continental breeze
d.
Surf breeze

B. Sea breeze

The movement of hot and cold air between land and sea creates what?
a.
Sea breeze
b.
Solar energy
c.
Trade winds
d.
Coriolis effect

A. Sea breeze

The jet stream occurs in the mesosphere.
TRUE OR FALSE

FALSE

Not all areas on Earth’s surface receive the same amount of radiation because Earth’s surface ____.
a.
is flat
c.
has continents on it
b.
is curved
d.
is mostly water

B. is curved

Which of the following winds are found in the upper troposphere?
a.
Jet streams
b.
Trade winds
c.
Surface winds
d.
Coriolis winds

A. Jet streams

The ____ is caused by the Earth’s rotation.
a.
jet stream
c.
sea breeze
b.
Coriolis effect
d.
land breeze

B. Coriolis effect

What is the coriolis effect?

The apparent curving of the path of a moving object from an otherwise straight path due to the Earth’s rotation.

What is a jet stream?

Narrow belt of strong winds that blows near the top of the troposphere.

What is a sea breeze?

Movement of air from sea to land during the day when cooler air from above the water moves over the land, forcing the heated, less dense air above the land to rise.

What is a land breeze?

Movement of air from land to sea at night, created when cooler, denser air from the land forces up warmer air over the sea.

http://media.edgenuity.com/evresources/651-05-01-03-00_files/i0210000.jpg
The breeze in the figure above occurs because ________ heats and cools more quickly than _______.

Land; Water

Describe the Coriolis effect.

The rotation of Earth causes moving fluids to appear to move east to west in the southern hemisphere and west of east in the northern hemisphere in a phenomenon known as the Coriolis effect.

http://media.edgenuity.com/evresources/651-05-01-03-00_files/i0210000.jpg
In the figure above, cool air is more dense and forces up ______ air.

Warm

Why does Antarctica receive less of the Sun’s heat than Panama?

The curve of Earth’s surface means that solar waves hit Earth at different angles. Panama is located near the equator and receives more direct rays and more heat than Antarctica which is located near the south pole.

Why do sea breezes occur during the day?

Sea breezes occur during the day because solar radiation warms the land more than the water. This causes the warmer air over the land to rise. The resulting convection current causes wind to blow in from the sea.

Why do you think that sailors sail at different latitudes when they travel east or west?

Sailors sail at different latitudes when they travel East or West because of the direction of the prevailing winds varies with latitudes.

http://media.edgenuity.com/evresources/651-05-01-03-00_files/i0210000.jpg
In the figure above it shows how a(n) ________ breeze works.

Sea

Air above the equator is heated more than at any other place on Earth because solar rays strike the equator ____.
a.
at a 180° angle
c.
more directly
b.
at a 45° angle
d.
none of the above

C. more directly

The flow of air caused by ____ and the Coriolis effect creates distinct wind patterns on Earth’s surface.
a.
differences in heating
c.
magnetic fields
b.
the ozone layer
d.
the jet streams

A. differences in heating

The angle that the Sun’s rays strike a region of Earth determines the amount of heat transferred.
TRUE OR FALSE

TRUE

When cool, dense air from over the water flows inland, it’s called a ____.
a.
land breeze
c.
jet stream
b.
polar easterly
d.
sea breeze

D. sea breeze

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