Acids and Bases

Acids taste

Sour

Acetic acid is found in significant quantities

Vinegar

Acids generally release H2 gas when they react with

active metals

Acids make litmus paper turn

red

Acids react with

bases to produce salts and water

Aqueous solutions of acids

conduct electricity

Bases taste

Bitter

Bases feel

Slippery

Bases make litmus paper turn

blue

Bases react with

acids to produce salts and water

Aqueous solutions of bases

conduct electricity

A binary acid contains

hydrogen and one other element

Which of the following is a binary acid

HBr

The name of a binary acid

begins with the prefix hydro-

An oxy acid contains

Oxygen, hydrogen, and one other element

Which of the following is NOT and oxyacid

H2O2

Which of the following is perchloric acid

HCIO4

Which of the following is chlorous acid

HCIO2

Which of the following is chloric acid

HCIO3

Compared with acids that have the suffix -9c, acids that have the suffix -ous contain

less oxygen

An acid having the suffix -ic produces an anion having the

suffix- ate

What acid is manufactured in largest quantity

Sulfuric acid

The acids produced in largest quantity are primarily used to manufacture a

agricultural products

Which acid is used in batteries

Sulfuric acid

What acid is used mainly in the manufacture of explosives, rubber, plastics, dyes, and drugs

nitric acid

What acid is used to make fertilizerss and detergents and is a flavoring agent in beverages

phosphoric acid

What acid is produced in the stomach

Hydrochloric acid

What acid is used to pickle metals, prcess food, and activate oil wells

hydrochloric acid

What acid is found in vinegar

acetic acid

Which acid turns yellowish on standing

nitric acid

The traditional definition of acids is based on the observations of

Arrhenius

According to the traditional definition, an acid contains

hydrogen and ionizes to form hydrogen ions

What is the basic assumption in the Arrhenius theory

Because acids and bases conduct electric current, they must produce ions in solution

What is an Arrhenius acid

a chemical compound that increases the concentration of hydrogen ions in aqueous solution

What is an Arrhenius base

A chemical compound that increase the concentration of hydroxide ions in aqueous solution

Which statement about Arrhenius acids is FALSE

They increase the concentration of hydroxide ions in aqueous solution

Which statement about Arrhenius bases is FALSE

They increase the concentration of hydrogen ions in aqueous solution

A substance that ionizes nearly completely in aqueous solutions and produces H3O+ is a

Strong acid

Strong acids are strong electrolytes

Strong electrolytes

Which of the following is NOT a strong acid

CH3COOH

Which of the following is a strong acid

H2SO4

Which of the following is a triprotic acid

H3PO4

Which of the following is a diprotic acid

H2SO4

The dilute aqueous solution of a weak base contains

-hydronium ions - anions acid molecules (ALL OF THE ABove)

Strong bases are

strong electrolytes

Hydroxides of Group 1 metals

are all strong bases

In water, hydroxides of Group 2 metals

are all strong bases

Which of the following is a strong base

NaOH

Which of the following is a weak base

NH3

Which of the following is a weak base

Acetate ion

Many organic compounds, such as aniline, that contain nitrogen are

weak bases

Whose definition of acids and bases emphasizes the role of protons

Bronsted and Lowry

A Bronsted-Lowry acid is

a proton donor

?

...

A Bronsted- Lory base is

Proton acceptor

?

...

?

...

?

...

A Lewis acid is

an electron-pair acceptor

Which acid definition is the broadest

Lewis

A Lewis base is a

electron-pair donor

An electron-pair donor is a

Lewis base

Whenever ammonia forms a covalent bond, it acts as a

Lewis base

-

...

-

...

-

...

-

...

-

...

A conjugate base is the species that

remains after an acids has given up a proton

A conjugate acid is the species that

remains after an acid has given up a proton

A species that remains when an acid has lost a proton is a

conjugate base

A species that is formed when a base gains a proton is a

conjugate acid

How many conjugate acid-base pairs participate in a Bronsted-Lowry acid-base reaction

2

The members of a conjugate acid-base pair

appear on opposite sides of the chemical equation

In a conjugate acid-base pair, the acid typically has

one more proton than the base

What theory of acids and base do conjugate acids and bases belong to

Bronsted-Lowry

The two members of a conjugate acid-base pair differ by a

proton

?

...

?

...

?

...

?

...

?

...

?

...

The conjugate of a strong base is a

weak acid

The conjugate of a strong acid is a

weak base.......do you really to memorize this?

The conjugate of a weak base is a

strong acid

The conjugate of a weak acid is a

strong base

?

?

If a substance has a great tendency to give up protons, its conjugate has a

slight tendency to accept protons s

?

...

?

...

?

...

An amphoteric species is one that reacts as an

acid or base

A species that can react as either an acid or a base is a

amphoteric substance

Which of the following is amphoteric

HSO4-

Which of the following is amphoteric

HPO42-?

Which of the amphoteric

H2O

?

...

?

...

?

...

?

...

What is neutralization

a reaction of hydronium ions and hydroxide ions to form water molecules and a salt

The substances produced when KOH(ap) neutralizes HCI(aq) are

H2O (l) and KCI (aq)

A salt is NOT

a spectator ion

This is not involved in neutralization

neutral compound

Which compound is produced by a neutralization

neutral compound

Which of the following gases does NOT dissolve in atmospheric water to produce acidic solutions

O2

The reaction of an acid with a carbonate does NOT produce

?

Acids and Bases - Subjecto.com

Acids and Bases

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Acids taste

Sour

Acetic acid is found in significant quantities

Vinegar

Acids generally release H2 gas when they react with

active metals

Acids make litmus paper turn

red

Acids react with

bases to produce salts and water

Aqueous solutions of acids

conduct electricity

Bases taste

Bitter

Bases feel

Slippery

Bases make litmus paper turn

blue

Bases react with

acids to produce salts and water

Aqueous solutions of bases

conduct electricity

A binary acid contains

hydrogen and one other element

Which of the following is a binary acid

HBr

The name of a binary acid

begins with the prefix hydro-

An oxy acid contains

Oxygen, hydrogen, and one other element

Which of the following is NOT and oxyacid

H2O2

Which of the following is perchloric acid

HCIO4

Which of the following is chlorous acid

HCIO2

Which of the following is chloric acid

HCIO3

Compared with acids that have the suffix -9c, acids that have the suffix -ous contain

less oxygen

An acid having the suffix -ic produces an anion having the

suffix- ate

What acid is manufactured in largest quantity

Sulfuric acid

The acids produced in largest quantity are primarily used to manufacture a

agricultural products

Which acid is used in batteries

Sulfuric acid

What acid is used mainly in the manufacture of explosives, rubber, plastics, dyes, and drugs

nitric acid

What acid is used to make fertilizerss and detergents and is a flavoring agent in beverages

phosphoric acid

What acid is produced in the stomach

Hydrochloric acid

What acid is used to pickle metals, prcess food, and activate oil wells

hydrochloric acid

What acid is found in vinegar

acetic acid

Which acid turns yellowish on standing

nitric acid

The traditional definition of acids is based on the observations of

Arrhenius

According to the traditional definition, an acid contains

hydrogen and ionizes to form hydrogen ions

What is the basic assumption in the Arrhenius theory

Because acids and bases conduct electric current, they must produce ions in solution

What is an Arrhenius acid

a chemical compound that increases the concentration of hydrogen ions in aqueous solution

What is an Arrhenius base

A chemical compound that increase the concentration of hydroxide ions in aqueous solution

Which statement about Arrhenius acids is FALSE

They increase the concentration of hydroxide ions in aqueous solution

Which statement about Arrhenius bases is FALSE

They increase the concentration of hydrogen ions in aqueous solution

A substance that ionizes nearly completely in aqueous solutions and produces H3O+ is a

Strong acid

Strong acids are strong electrolytes

Strong electrolytes

Which of the following is NOT a strong acid

CH3COOH

Which of the following is a strong acid

H2SO4

Which of the following is a triprotic acid

H3PO4

Which of the following is a diprotic acid

H2SO4

The dilute aqueous solution of a weak base contains

-hydronium ions – anions acid molecules (ALL OF THE ABove)

Strong bases are

strong electrolytes

Hydroxides of Group 1 metals

are all strong bases

In water, hydroxides of Group 2 metals

are all strong bases

Which of the following is a strong base

NaOH

Which of the following is a weak base

NH3

Which of the following is a weak base

Acetate ion

Many organic compounds, such as aniline, that contain nitrogen are

weak bases

Whose definition of acids and bases emphasizes the role of protons

Bronsted and Lowry

A Bronsted-Lowry acid is

a proton donor

?

A Bronsted- Lory base is

Proton acceptor

?

?

?

A Lewis acid is

an electron-pair acceptor

Which acid definition is the broadest

Lewis

A Lewis base is a

electron-pair donor

An electron-pair donor is a

Lewis base

Whenever ammonia forms a covalent bond, it acts as a

Lewis base

A conjugate base is the species that

remains after an acids has given up a proton

A conjugate acid is the species that

remains after an acid has given up a proton

A species that remains when an acid has lost a proton is a

conjugate base

A species that is formed when a base gains a proton is a

conjugate acid

How many conjugate acid-base pairs participate in a Bronsted-Lowry acid-base reaction

2

The members of a conjugate acid-base pair

appear on opposite sides of the chemical equation

In a conjugate acid-base pair, the acid typically has

one more proton than the base

What theory of acids and base do conjugate acids and bases belong to

Bronsted-Lowry

The two members of a conjugate acid-base pair differ by a

proton

?

?

?

?

?

?

The conjugate of a strong base is a

weak acid

The conjugate of a strong acid is a

weak base…….do you really to memorize this?

The conjugate of a weak base is a

strong acid

The conjugate of a weak acid is a

strong base

?

?

If a substance has a great tendency to give up protons, its conjugate has a

slight tendency to accept protons s

?

?

?

An amphoteric species is one that reacts as an

acid or base

A species that can react as either an acid or a base is a

amphoteric substance

Which of the following is amphoteric

HSO4-

Which of the following is amphoteric

HPO42-?

Which of the amphoteric

H2O

?

?

?

?

What is neutralization

a reaction of hydronium ions and hydroxide ions to form water molecules and a salt

The substances produced when KOH(ap) neutralizes HCI(aq) are

H2O (l) and KCI (aq)

A salt is NOT

a spectator ion

This is not involved in neutralization

neutral compound

Which compound is produced by a neutralization

neutral compound

Which of the following gases does NOT dissolve in atmospheric water to produce acidic solutions

O2

The reaction of an acid with a carbonate does NOT produce

?

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