- Thread starter monicaaa11
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In your sample, you have an odds ratio 0.88, which of deviates from 1.00. A 95% confidence interval was constructed.

Without going into details, if the 95% confidence interval includes the value expected under the null hypothesis (here:

the value 1.00 for "no association") then you cannot reject the null hypothesis ("not significant"). In the current example,

1.00 is included in the interval.

With kind regards

Karabiner

Think of it this way for linear regression. If the change in Y for a one unit change in X is zero what does that mean? It has no observed impact. That is exactly what an OR of 1 means in logistic regression.

I will chime in with a few of the basics. Many times with estimates you are comparing to a null value as @Karabiner mentioned. You have a ratio of two numbers. So the traditional null (no association) value is '1'. Because if you said what are the odds of men versus women passing an exam and both had the same odds, you would be dividing the number by it's self (e.g., 3/3 = 1), which would mean no difference. Now, you have just a sample of all the people in the population you care about. So there is some doubt in the estimate you come up with since you don't have data on everyone. This is where the confidence interval comes into play. It represents if you repeatedly sampled from the population. I won't get into the intricate definitions here, but it slightly/kind of represents a range of the value (estimate for the association) that the estimate could be. So if there is a big population and I sample only a few, my estimate is likely off for the population and it could be a little higher or lower. So given the variability (sampling variability) we can't be sure the true value may not be equal to the null ('1', same value on top and bottom).

I am in Engineering field, and I am new to this forum. I have a question about interpretation of confidence interval in regression analysis. It has been for a couple of days that I am trying to find the answer of my question online, but I could not find any useful information. Most of the interpretations are about samples and ... In my case, I have done some simulations and I have found an empirical equations by which I have predicted my data. Then I have plotted the predicted data versus observed data. The plot is very similar to the attached figure. The data which were used used in regression analysis are shown with black dots. The green line is the regressions line; blue lines show the confidence interval and the red ones show the prediction interval (both are 95%). My question is about interpretation of these intervals. What can I say about the data which are within the range of confidence interval and what about the ones which are between confidence and prediction intervals and the data which is out of both ranges. Any help will be greatly appreciated. Thank you. Steve.

Should we also ignore the apparent dependence in the data?