Abnormal Psychology chapter 9

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Which of the following is the MOST accurate biological explanation for people who gain weight after losing it?

The brain is trying to restore one to a weight set point.

Family members are overinvolved in each other’s lives but are affectionate and loyal. This description fits Salvador Minuchin’s definition of an:

enmeshed family pattern.

Salvador Minuchin describes a family system in which members are overly involved in each other’s affairs as a(n):

enmeshed family pattern.

In which of the following disorders would you expect nearly equal numbers of men and women?

binge eating disorder

The currently accepted view of eating disorders is that its cause is:

multidimensional of or involving several dimensions or aspects.

Which of the following observations would NOT be consistent with what is usually characteristic of those diagnosed with bulimia nervosa?

being 30 years old

The PRIMARY motivating emotion a person with anorexia experiences is:


Current research on eating disorders is MOST consistent with which of the following statements?

The rates of eating disorders are increasing in minority women—approaching rates found in white American women.

What percentage of individuals with anorexia die from medical complications?

2 to 6 percent

One of the therapy methods commonly used to treat bulimia nervosa is:

exposure and response prevention Therapy (ERP Therapy) is a type of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and, in my son’s case, a very effective treatment for OCD. In a nutshell, this therapy involves the person with OCD facing his or her fears and then refraining from ritualizing.

Relapse of bulimia is MORE likely, based on the person’s:

development of a pattern of frequent vomiting.

According to weight set point theory, the consequences of dieting below one’s weight set point are:

There is increased hunger.

Support for the idea that mood disorders set the stage for eating disorders comes from evidence that shows:

that close relatives of people with eating disorders have a high rate of mood disorders.

Relapse for both bulimia and anorexia is MOST likely triggered by:

life stresses.

Which of the following is NOT true about anorexia nervosa?

About 25 percent of people who experience anorexia nervosa are men.

Although most victims recover from eating disorders, between ______ and ______ of them become so seriously ill that they die from medical problems or from suicide.

2 percent; 6 percent

Similarities between bulimia and anorexia include:

both tend to begin after a period of dieting among people afraid of becoming obese.

The MOST accurate diagnosis for a woman who regularly eats a whole pizza, a carton of ice cream, and a box of donuts at one sitting, then forces herself to throw it all up is:

purging-type bulimia nervosa.

A young woman has become very afraid of being overweight. She has recently reduced her food intake although she feels hungry all the time. As a result, her weight has dropped sharply below average, but she still believes that she is overweight. She is MOST likely experiencing:

anorexia nervosa.

If you are an overweight female teenager with an eating disorder, you are MORE likely than your peers to do all of the following EXCEPT spend more time:

playing video games.

Research on doll choice in preschoolers shows that:

children choose the thin doll rather than the chubby doll but don’t know why.

The use of a food diary to keep track of eating behavior in the treatment of bulimic patients is MOST likely to be used by a therapist from the:

behavioral perspective.

Many teenagers go on occasional eating binges. Which of the following is TRUE about this behavior?

Most people who engage in the behavior are not bulimic.

If a therapist thought that eating disorders were BEST explained by an interaction of sociocultural, psychological, and biological factors, that therapist would be taking a(n):

multidimensional perspective

In one study, prospective parents rated a picture of a chubby child as less ______ than an average-weight child.

friendly and intelligent

Based on past results, one would predict that women who win the Miss America Pageant in the future will:

be smaller than those who lose.

Anorexic individuals often show which of the following personality chracteristics?


A therapist who sat with the bulimic patient while the patient ate appropriate quantities of "forbidden" foods, and then stayed until the patient no longer had the urge to purge would be practicing:

exposure and response prevention.

The central feature of bulimia nervosa is:

binge eating followed by a compensatory behavior.

Anorectic patients receive a gradually increasing diet over the course of several weeks, encouragement, education, and reassurance that they will not become obese. The form of therapy they are receiving is:

supportive nursing care.

All of the following are compensatory behaviors for someone with bulimia EXCEPT:

preoccupation with food.

The treatment that has been the MOST popular for restoring weight among anorexic persons is:

supportive nursing care and a high-calorie diet.

Which of the following problems is common in anorexia nervosa?

Amenorrhea (uh-men-o-REE-uh) is the absence of menstruation — one or more missed menstrual periods. Women who have missed at least three menstrual periods in a row have amenorrhea, as do girls who haven’t begun menstruation by age 15. The most common cause of amenorrhea is pregnancy.

Serotonin levels are low in those with eating disorders and in those with obsessive-compulsive disorder and depression. This means that:

there is a relationship, but no evidence of causation.

Someone who fasts or exercises strenuously following a binge is engaging in:

COMPENSATORY BEHAVIORS are simply things people with eating disorders do in an attempt to make up for having eaten and consumed calories. They are an attempt to erase anxiety, guilt or other "bad" feelings about the food eaten and the act of eating it.

In general, which of the following statements about feelings that trigger eating is TRUE?

Positive emotions are less likely than negative emotions to trigger the eating of junk food.

Misusing diuretics and laxatives following a binge is a symptom of the ______ of bulimia nervosa.


A therapist who sat with the bulimic patient while the patient ate appropriate quantities of "forbidden" foods, and then stayed until the patient no longer had the urge to purge would be practicing:

exposure and response prevention.

Consequences of anorexia nervosa include all of the following EXCEPT:

incorrect: amenorrhea. incorrect: dry, rough, cracked skin. correct: fever and high blood pressure. incorrect: development of the silky hair that covers newborns.

A man with muscle dysmorphobia is MOST likely to:

feel that he is scrawny, despite the fact that he is not.

Following a very low-calorie weight-loss program, participants would be at MOST risk for:


Tanya is a behavioral therapist who exposes bulimic patients to situations that usually cause binge episodes and then prevents them from binge eating. The technique that she is using is called:

exposure and response prevention.

Why does the author of your textbook describe dieters who have fallen to a weight below their set point as being engaged in a "battle against themselves"?

Their brains are making them feel hungry, an impulse hard to resist.

For which of the following individuals is recovery from anorexia MOST likely?

someone who is a teenager rather than a young adult

Someone who is experiencing bulimia is MORE likely to ______ than someone experiencing anorexia.

display characteristics of a personality disorder

Which of the following behaviors would be MOST likely to lead to a diagnosis of muscle dysmorphobia?

A man who is muscular but does not see himself as he is and so continues to strive for a perfect body.

The MOST realistic statement a person with anorexia would make following cognitive treatment is:

"I expect to feel fat because of my illness."

In which of the following cases are you MOST likely to develop an eating disorder?

if you have an identical twin with anorexia nervosa

All the treatment methods for bulimia nervosa share the immediate goal of:

assisting patients to eliminate their binge-purge patterns.

Parents who feed their children when they are anxious and comfort them when they are tired rather than letting them nap, run the risk of producing children who:

can’t assess their own needs.

If you are overweight, the development of which of the following is MOST likely to appeal to you?

a way to safely increase GLP-1 in humans


suppresses appetite.

Where would one be MOST likely to see the words, "Nothing tastes as good as skinny feels"?

on a pro-anorexia Web site

People with alexithymia are NOT readily able to:

put descriptive labels on what they are feeling. is a personality construct characterized by the subclinical inability to identify and describe emotions in the self.

The MOST common cognitive disturbance in anorexia nervosa is:

a distorted body image.

How does binge eating disorder differ from bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa?

There is less gender difference in the incidence rates.

What is the first type of food usually eliminated from the diet of the developing restricting-type anorexic person?


Which of these characteristics is MOST consistent with anorexia nervosa?

body size overestimation

What does Hilde Bruch believe ineffective parents do that puts their children at risk for eating disorders?

incorrectly interpret their children’s needs

Compared to the general public, people with eating disorders are MORE likely to:

be depressed.

The concordance rate for anorexia nervosa in identical twins is 70 percent. This means that:

if your identical twin has anorexia, your chances of having it are 70 percent.

If current trends concerning the body images of African American women and white American women continue, we would expect in the future that:

African American women would show increasing body image dissatisfaction.

According to cognitive theorists, the underlying distortion in eating disorders is related to:

too much concern with eating, shape, and weight.

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