A&P I Chapter 8

Which of the following is NOT a functional classification for joints?

cartilaginous

Which of the following represents a structural classification for joints that are separated by a joint cavity?

synovial

Which of the following refers to a joint that is slightly movable?

amphiarthrosis

All three joints in the figure are classified as __________.

fibrous joints

Which of the following best describes all of the joints in this figure?

They are immovable.

Which of the following is true regarding the structure indicated by the arrow in Figure A?

It becomes ossified late in adult development.

The arrows in B and C point to structures that can both be described as __________.

ligaments

Which of the following is NOT an example of a fibrous joint?

a symphysis

Using the structural classification, what type of joint is a suture?

fibrous joint

What element of intervertebral disc fibrocartilage gives it its ability to resist stretching?

collagen fibers

Which of these terms best categorizes the joints in the figure?

cartilaginous joints

What material is found in C and D that is not found in A and B?

fibrocartilage

Which of the joints will eventually develop into a synostosis?

A

Which of the following best describes the joint labeled B in the figure?

synarthrotic

A joint held together by fibrocartilage would be classified as a __________ joint

cartilaginous

Which of the following are correctly paired?

synchondrosis; a plate of hyaline cartilage unites the bones

Which of the following terms describes the range of movement of the illustrated joint?

diarthrotic

Which of the following best describes the surface of the structure at D?

loose connective tissue

Structures C and D collectively form which of the following?

articular capsule

Which structure in the figure is the primary area of degeneration in osteoarthritis?

B

Which joint in the figure is capable of multiaxial movement?

A

What joint's actions may take place at the elbow from its current position?

flex and pronate

Which joint moves only by a uniaxial movement around its own axis?

B

Which of the following is a hinge joint?

F

The thumb joint indicated by D mediates which of the following special movements?

opposition

Which of the following is NOT a distinguishing feature of a synovial joint?

hyaline cartilage connecting the two bones of the joint

The most important factor in joint stability is the depth of the articular surface.

False

Which of the following statements is correct?

If a joint can exhibit extension, abduction, and rotation, then it is triaxial.

Which of the following is NOT a factor that contributes to joint stability?

the amount of synovial fluid in the joint cavity

Which of the following is one difference between bursae and tendon sheaths?

Bursae are flattened fibrous sacs wedged between adjacent structures, while tendon sheaths are elongated fibrous sacs that wrap around tendons.

Which of the following are correctly paired?

multiaxial movement; movement in all three planes and around all three axes

When you bring any of your fingers in contact with your thumb, this movement is called __________.

opposition

Synovial joints are classified into six main categories based on __________.

shape of articular surfaces

Which of the following is a feature of synovial joints?

bone ends covered with hyaline cartilage

What factor would account for a strong synovial joint?

the deepest articular surface

Which type of movement does NOT occur at the shoulder joint?

gliding

Which movement decreases the angle between articulating bones?

flexion

Which type of movement is unique to the forearm?

pronation

If a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is not properly repaired, the consequences could include the inability to prevent ________.

forward sliding of the tibia on the femur

To realign an anteriorly dislocated Temporomandibular joint (TMJ), a physician must push the mandible inferiorly and posteriorly in order to move the mandibular condyle past the temporal bone's ________.

articular tubercle

Which of the following is true about the shoulder joint?

The glenohumeral joint is more mobile, making it less stable.

Despite having an actual articulation with the humerus, the hinge-like action at the elbow is NOT dependent on the radius.

True

Which of the following ligaments prevents the tibia from sliding forward in the knee joint?

anterior cruciate ligament

Which joint allows a side-to-side movement called lateral excursion?

the temporomandibular joint

The main reason the hip joint is stable is because of the __________.

deep socket of the joint and strong capsular ligaments

Which statement about the knee is INCORRECT?

The deep cups created by the tibial condyles help to stabilize the joint.

Which joint has sacrificed stability to provide great freedom of movement?

shoulder

Sprains indicate damage to what joint component?

ligaments

Which of the following are correctly matched?

osteoarthritis; chronic degenerative joint disease

Which inflammatory joint disease is caused by the bites of ticks that live on mice and deer?

Lyme disease

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A&P I Chapter 8

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Which of the following is NOT a functional classification for joints?

cartilaginous

Which of the following represents a structural classification for joints that are separated by a joint cavity?

synovial

Which of the following refers to a joint that is slightly movable?

amphiarthrosis

All three joints in the figure are classified as __________.

fibrous joints

Which of the following best describes all of the joints in this figure?

They are immovable.

Which of the following is true regarding the structure indicated by the arrow in Figure A?

It becomes ossified late in adult development.

The arrows in B and C point to structures that can both be described as __________.

ligaments

Which of the following is NOT an example of a fibrous joint?

a symphysis

Using the structural classification, what type of joint is a suture?

fibrous joint

What element of intervertebral disc fibrocartilage gives it its ability to resist stretching?

collagen fibers

Which of these terms best categorizes the joints in the figure?

cartilaginous joints

What material is found in C and D that is not found in A and B?

fibrocartilage

Which of the joints will eventually develop into a synostosis?

A

Which of the following best describes the joint labeled B in the figure?

synarthrotic

A joint held together by fibrocartilage would be classified as a __________ joint

cartilaginous

Which of the following are correctly paired?

synchondrosis; a plate of hyaline cartilage unites the bones

Which of the following terms describes the range of movement of the illustrated joint?

diarthrotic

Which of the following best describes the surface of the structure at D?

loose connective tissue

Structures C and D collectively form which of the following?

articular capsule

Which structure in the figure is the primary area of degeneration in osteoarthritis?

B

Which joint in the figure is capable of multiaxial movement?

A

What joint’s actions may take place at the elbow from its current position?

flex and pronate

Which joint moves only by a uniaxial movement around its own axis?

B

Which of the following is a hinge joint?

F

The thumb joint indicated by D mediates which of the following special movements?

opposition

Which of the following is NOT a distinguishing feature of a synovial joint?

hyaline cartilage connecting the two bones of the joint

The most important factor in joint stability is the depth of the articular surface.

False

Which of the following statements is correct?

If a joint can exhibit extension, abduction, and rotation, then it is triaxial.

Which of the following is NOT a factor that contributes to joint stability?

the amount of synovial fluid in the joint cavity

Which of the following is one difference between bursae and tendon sheaths?

Bursae are flattened fibrous sacs wedged between adjacent structures, while tendon sheaths are elongated fibrous sacs that wrap around tendons.

Which of the following are correctly paired?

multiaxial movement; movement in all three planes and around all three axes

When you bring any of your fingers in contact with your thumb, this movement is called __________.

opposition

Synovial joints are classified into six main categories based on __________.

shape of articular surfaces

Which of the following is a feature of synovial joints?

bone ends covered with hyaline cartilage

What factor would account for a strong synovial joint?

the deepest articular surface

Which type of movement does NOT occur at the shoulder joint?

gliding

Which movement decreases the angle between articulating bones?

flexion

Which type of movement is unique to the forearm?

pronation

If a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is not properly repaired, the consequences could include the inability to prevent ________.

forward sliding of the tibia on the femur

To realign an anteriorly dislocated Temporomandibular joint (TMJ), a physician must push the mandible inferiorly and posteriorly in order to move the mandibular condyle past the temporal bone’s ________.

articular tubercle

Which of the following is true about the shoulder joint?

The glenohumeral joint is more mobile, making it less stable.

Despite having an actual articulation with the humerus, the hinge-like action at the elbow is NOT dependent on the radius.

True

Which of the following ligaments prevents the tibia from sliding forward in the knee joint?

anterior cruciate ligament

Which joint allows a side-to-side movement called lateral excursion?

the temporomandibular joint

The main reason the hip joint is stable is because of the __________.

deep socket of the joint and strong capsular ligaments

Which statement about the knee is INCORRECT?

The deep cups created by the tibial condyles help to stabilize the joint.

Which joint has sacrificed stability to provide great freedom of movement?

shoulder

Sprains indicate damage to what joint component?

ligaments

Which of the following are correctly matched?

osteoarthritis; chronic degenerative joint disease

Which inflammatory joint disease is caused by the bites of ticks that live on mice and deer?

Lyme disease

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