A&P Body Organization, Membranes, and Terminology

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Abdominal Cavity

liver, stomach, small intestine, spleen

Cranial Cavity


Pelvic Cavity

internal reproductive organs, urinary bladder

Thoracic Cavity

lungs, heart

Vertebral canal (spinal cavity)

spinal cord

Cardiovascular system

transports nutrients, wastes, and gases throughout the body

Digestive system

converts food molecules into forms that are absorbable

Endocrine system

the main system that secretes hormones

Integumentary system

provides an outer covering of the body for protection

Lymphatic system

transports excess fluid from tissues to blood and produces immune cells

Muscular system

movement via contractions and creates most body heat

Nervous system

stimulates muscles to contract and interprets information from sensory organs

Reproductive system

produces gametes (eggs and sperm)

Respiratory system

exchanges gases between air and blood

Skeletal system

provides a framework and support for soft tissues and produces blood cells in red marrow

Urinary system

removes liquid and wastes from blood and transports them to the outside of the body

True of False:
The mouth is superior to the nose.

False The mouth is inferior to the nose.

True or False:
The stomach is inferior to the diaphragm.


True or False:
The trachea is anterior to the spinal cord.


True or False:
The larynx is posterior to the esophagus.

False The larynx is anterior to the esophagus.

True or False:
The heart is medial to the lungs.


True or False:
The kidneys are inferior to the lungs.


True or False:
The hand is proximal to the elbow.

False The hand is distal to the elbow.

True or False:
The knee is proximal to the ankle.


True or False:
The thumb is the lateral digit of a hand.

False The thumb is the medial digit of a hand.

True or False:
The popliteal surface region is anterior to the patellar region.

False The popliteal surface region is posterior to the patellar region.

Pelvic Cavity

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