6 Test

The rule of thumb that predicts that the number of transistors on a CPU will double every two years is called ________ Law.

Moore's

Which of the following is the lightest computer?

ultrabook

The processor market for desktop and laptop computers is dominated by ________.

Intel

Which of the following does NOT determine a CPU's processing power?

Speed of the motherboard

Which of the following activities is carried out by the ALU?

Perform arithmetic calculations

All of the following are part of the machine cycle EXCEPT ________.

encode

The CPU consists of which two parts?

The control unit and the arithmetic logic unit

The control unit is one component of the ________.

CPU

Running the CPU at a faster speed than the manufacturer recommends is called ________.

oVERCLOCKING

Cache memory levels are based on proximity to ________.

Processor

________ provides high-speed information processing by enabling a new set of instructions to start before the previous set is finished.

Hyperthreading

Some of the cache memory of a CPU is ________.

inside the CPU, itself

RAM is an example of ________ storage.

volatile

The amount of RAM storage is measured in ________.

gigabytes

Windows uses a memory-management technique known as ________ to monitor which applications you use most frequently an d then preloads them into your system memory.

SuperFetch

Select the best way to determine your RAM allocation.
Monitor RAM usage in performance monitor and calculate an average of RAM used over 10 random periods.

List all programs you would run simultaneously and the amount of RAM each needs and add together.

Divide the number of used memory slots by the number of total memory slots.

Count the number of available slots on the motherboard.

List all programs you would run simultaneously and the amount of RAM each needs and add together

When referring to hard drives, access time is measured in ________.

milloseconds

A ________ uses electronic memory and has no motors or moving parts.

solid-state drive

How do optical discs store data?

A laser burns tiny pits onto a disc

Which of the following is NOT a permanent storage option?

random access memory

The ________ has the largest capacity of any storage device.

solid state drive

Which of the following ports is NOT considered to be exclusively a video port?

DVI
HDMI
DisplayPort
USB

USB

To speed up the display of graphics, a(n) ________ is integrated into some video cards.

GPU

A(n) ________ enables the computer to drive the speaker system.

SOUND CARD

How many channels are in a Dolby 7.1 surround sound system?

7

Running the Disk Defragmenter utility will ________.

Make the hard drive work more efficiently

Running the Disk Cleanup utility is a quick way to ________.

Clear out unnecessary files

To remove all the changes made to your system, the Windows ________ utility returns your computer to the state it was in when it came from the factory.

refresh

Which statement pertaining to system reliability is FALSE?
You can clean out unnecessary programs from your Startup folder.

When you defrag your hard drive, it works more efficiently.

Having the latest version of software products can make your system more reliable.

An accumulation of temporary Internet files has no effect on your computer's overall performance.

An accumulation of temporary Internet files has no effect on your computer's overall performance.

To securely erase data, the U.S. Department of Defense suggests that data be ________.

overwitten seven times

BLANK Law predicts that the number of transistors in a CPU will double about every two years.

moore's

The CPU is located on the

motherboard

A CPU's processing power is determined by the combination of the clock speed, the number of cores, and the amount of BLANK
memory.

CACHE

The BLANK of a CPU dictates how many instructions the CPU can process each second.

clock speed

The CPU is composed of two units, the control unit and the
.

arithmetic logic unit

The process the CPU performs for each program instruction is called the
.

machine cycle

BLANK is a feature of a CPU that allows it to begin to fetch the next instruction before it has finished executing the current one.

Hyperthreading

Running the CPU at a faster speed than the manufacturer recommends is called BLANK

overclocking

BLANK is the type of RAM memory used most often in today's lower-end computers.

DDR

The CPU's BLANK
memory is a form of RAM that gets data to the CPU for processing much faster than bringing the data in from the computer's RAM.

cache

RAM is an example of BLANK
storage because when the power is turned off, RAM is cleared out.

volatile

The time it takes a storage device to locate stored data and make it available for processing is called BLANK
time.

access

The BLANK
has the largest capacity of any storage device.

hard drive

BLANK
drives are 100 times faster than mechanical hard drives.

solid-state

BLANK
drives run with no noise and very little heat, and require very little power.

solid-state

Optical drives use a(n) BLANK
to read and write data.

LASER

A(n) BLANK
moves over the spinning platters to retrieve data from a hard disk.

read/write head

A stoppage of the hard drive that often results in data loss is called a(n)
.

head crash

BLANK
improves disk writing performance because data is written across two drives.

Stripping

BLANK
automatically duplicates your data and saves it on two identical drives.

RAID 0

A video card can deliver output to multiple
.

monitors

GPU stands for

Graphic Processing Unit

BLANK
sound is a type of audio system where the listener hears the sound as if it were coming from multiple speakers.

surround

The audio subsystem consists of the speakers and a(n)
.

sound card

macOS X uses BLANK
software to automatically backup and restore data.

time machine

Many computer manufacturers offer BLANK
programs to reduce the amount of computers in landfills.

recycling

T/F
Solid state hybrid drives are a combination of a mechanical hard drive and an SSD drive.

T

T/F
Desktop computer systems are less reliable than laptop computers.

F

T/F
Level 3 cache memory is faster than Level 1 and Level 2 cache.

F

T/F
The use of multiple cores on one CPU chip allows the execution of two or more sets of instructions at the same time.

F

T/F
Cache memory is a form of ROM.

F

T/F
Level 1 cache usually contains the least amount of storage of the cache memory levels.

T

T/F
Accessing data from the hard drive to send to the CPU is faster than accessing data from RAM.

F

T/F
The heads of a hard disk drive touch the surface of the platter to read or write the data.

F

T/F
RAM prices tend to be very stable.

F

T/F
Optical discs store data using tiny pits and lands burned by a laser.

T

T/F
Video cards are designed with their own RAM storage.

T

T/F
When using multiple monitors, you must have multiple video cards.

F

T/F
3D sound is different from surround-sound.

T

T/F
Dolby Digital 7.1 requires a total of eight speakers.

F

T/F
RAID 0 automatically duplicates your data and saves it on two identical drives.

F

T/F
If you reformat the hard drive on a computer, it erases all personal information from your computer and makes it safe to donate.

F

time needed for correct sector to spin to the read/write head

latency

pie-shaped wedges on the surface of a hard drive

sectors

concentric circles on a hard drive

tracks

time required for the read/write head to move to move to the correct track

seek time

round, thin plates of metal within a hard drive

platters

volatile storage

RAM

simultaneous execution of more than one instruction

clock speed

measure of CPU speed

hyperthreading

a CPU with 4 cores

quad-core processor

permanent storage

ROM

can be accessed more quickly than regular RAM

virtual memory

the amount of RAM contained on memory modules

physical memory

temporary storage space

random access memory

space on the hard drive for data that doesn't fit in RAM

cache memory

used by a video card

video memory

processor

CPU

performs arithmetic calculations

ALU

closest memory to the CPU

CACHE

strategy for using more than one drive in a system

RAID

uses electronic memory and has no moving parts

SSD

6 Test - Subjecto.com

6 Test

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The rule of thumb that predicts that the number of transistors on a CPU will double every two years is called ________ Law.

Moore’s

Which of the following is the lightest computer?

ultrabook

The processor market for desktop and laptop computers is dominated by ________.

Intel

Which of the following does NOT determine a CPU’s processing power?

Speed of the motherboard

Which of the following activities is carried out by the ALU?

Perform arithmetic calculations

All of the following are part of the machine cycle EXCEPT ________.

encode

The CPU consists of which two parts?

The control unit and the arithmetic logic unit

The control unit is one component of the ________.

CPU

Running the CPU at a faster speed than the manufacturer recommends is called ________.

oVERCLOCKING

Cache memory levels are based on proximity to ________.

Processor

________ provides high-speed information processing by enabling a new set of instructions to start before the previous set is finished.

Hyperthreading

Some of the cache memory of a CPU is ________.

inside the CPU, itself

RAM is an example of ________ storage.

volatile

The amount of RAM storage is measured in ________.

gigabytes

Windows uses a memory-management technique known as ________ to monitor which applications you use most frequently an d then preloads them into your system memory.

SuperFetch

Select the best way to determine your RAM allocation.
Monitor RAM usage in performance monitor and calculate an average of RAM used over 10 random periods.

List all programs you would run simultaneously and the amount of RAM each needs and add together.

Divide the number of used memory slots by the number of total memory slots.

Count the number of available slots on the motherboard.

List all programs you would run simultaneously and the amount of RAM each needs and add together

When referring to hard drives, access time is measured in ________.

milloseconds

A ________ uses electronic memory and has no motors or moving parts.

solid-state drive

How do optical discs store data?

A laser burns tiny pits onto a disc

Which of the following is NOT a permanent storage option?

random access memory

The ________ has the largest capacity of any storage device.

solid state drive

Which of the following ports is NOT considered to be exclusively a video port?

DVI
HDMI
DisplayPort
USB

USB

To speed up the display of graphics, a(n) ________ is integrated into some video cards.

GPU

A(n) ________ enables the computer to drive the speaker system.

SOUND CARD

How many channels are in a Dolby 7.1 surround sound system?

7

Running the Disk Defragmenter utility will ________.

Make the hard drive work more efficiently

Running the Disk Cleanup utility is a quick way to ________.

Clear out unnecessary files

To remove all the changes made to your system, the Windows ________ utility returns your computer to the state it was in when it came from the factory.

refresh

Which statement pertaining to system reliability is FALSE?
You can clean out unnecessary programs from your Startup folder.

When you defrag your hard drive, it works more efficiently.

Having the latest version of software products can make your system more reliable.

An accumulation of temporary Internet files has no effect on your computer’s overall performance.

An accumulation of temporary Internet files has no effect on your computer’s overall performance.

To securely erase data, the U.S. Department of Defense suggests that data be ________.

overwitten seven times

BLANK Law predicts that the number of transistors in a CPU will double about every two years.

moore’s

The CPU is located on the

motherboard

A CPU’s processing power is determined by the combination of the clock speed, the number of cores, and the amount of BLANK
memory.

CACHE

The BLANK of a CPU dictates how many instructions the CPU can process each second.

clock speed

The CPU is composed of two units, the control unit and the
.

arithmetic logic unit

The process the CPU performs for each program instruction is called the
.

machine cycle

BLANK is a feature of a CPU that allows it to begin to fetch the next instruction before it has finished executing the current one.

Hyperthreading

Running the CPU at a faster speed than the manufacturer recommends is called BLANK

overclocking

BLANK is the type of RAM memory used most often in today’s lower-end computers.

DDR

The CPU’s BLANK
memory is a form of RAM that gets data to the CPU for processing much faster than bringing the data in from the computer’s RAM.

cache

RAM is an example of BLANK
storage because when the power is turned off, RAM is cleared out.

volatile

The time it takes a storage device to locate stored data and make it available for processing is called BLANK
time.

access

The BLANK
has the largest capacity of any storage device.

hard drive

BLANK
drives are 100 times faster than mechanical hard drives.

solid-state

BLANK
drives run with no noise and very little heat, and require very little power.

solid-state

Optical drives use a(n) BLANK
to read and write data.

LASER

A(n) BLANK
moves over the spinning platters to retrieve data from a hard disk.

read/write head

A stoppage of the hard drive that often results in data loss is called a(n)
.

head crash

BLANK
improves disk writing performance because data is written across two drives.

Stripping

BLANK
automatically duplicates your data and saves it on two identical drives.

RAID 0

A video card can deliver output to multiple
.

monitors

GPU stands for

Graphic Processing Unit

BLANK
sound is a type of audio system where the listener hears the sound as if it were coming from multiple speakers.

surround

The audio subsystem consists of the speakers and a(n)
.

sound card

macOS X uses BLANK
software to automatically backup and restore data.

time machine

Many computer manufacturers offer BLANK
programs to reduce the amount of computers in landfills.

recycling

T/F
Solid state hybrid drives are a combination of a mechanical hard drive and an SSD drive.

T

T/F
Desktop computer systems are less reliable than laptop computers.

F

T/F
Level 3 cache memory is faster than Level 1 and Level 2 cache.

F

T/F
The use of multiple cores on one CPU chip allows the execution of two or more sets of instructions at the same time.

F

T/F
Cache memory is a form of ROM.

F

T/F
Level 1 cache usually contains the least amount of storage of the cache memory levels.

T

T/F
Accessing data from the hard drive to send to the CPU is faster than accessing data from RAM.

F

T/F
The heads of a hard disk drive touch the surface of the platter to read or write the data.

F

T/F
RAM prices tend to be very stable.

F

T/F
Optical discs store data using tiny pits and lands burned by a laser.

T

T/F
Video cards are designed with their own RAM storage.

T

T/F
When using multiple monitors, you must have multiple video cards.

F

T/F
3D sound is different from surround-sound.

T

T/F
Dolby Digital 7.1 requires a total of eight speakers.

F

T/F
RAID 0 automatically duplicates your data and saves it on two identical drives.

F

T/F
If you reformat the hard drive on a computer, it erases all personal information from your computer and makes it safe to donate.

F

time needed for correct sector to spin to the read/write head

latency

pie-shaped wedges on the surface of a hard drive

sectors

concentric circles on a hard drive

tracks

time required for the read/write head to move to move to the correct track

seek time

round, thin plates of metal within a hard drive

platters

volatile storage

RAM

simultaneous execution of more than one instruction

clock speed

measure of CPU speed

hyperthreading

a CPU with 4 cores

quad-core processor

permanent storage

ROM

can be accessed more quickly than regular RAM

virtual memory

the amount of RAM contained on memory modules

physical memory

temporary storage space

random access memory

space on the hard drive for data that doesn’t fit in RAM

cache memory

used by a video card

video memory

processor

CPU

performs arithmetic calculations

ALU

closest memory to the CPU

CACHE

strategy for using more than one drive in a system

RAID

uses electronic memory and has no moving parts

SSD

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