6 Public Opinion POLS

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1. The various attitudes that citizens poses toward political issues, events, and people are called?

A) Public opinions

2. A political ideology is best defined as:

C) a cohesive set of believes that from a general philosophy about the government.

3. Liberalism and conservatism are good example of:

C)political ideologies

4. The term public opinion is used to describe:

C) Peoples’s beliefs and attitudes toward different issues.

5. The complex set of beliefs and values that, as a whole, from general philosophy about the government is called:

B)Political ideology

6. The difference between political value

D)Values are basic principles while attitudes are specific preferences.

7. Fundamental political values:

A) Unify Americans around a common set of goals for the government.

8. Base on recent polling data, what percentage of Americans believed that gays should have equal rights?

E) 89 percent

9. Based on recent poling data, what percentage of Americans disagreed with the statement "Any group should be allowed to hold a rally for a cause" ?

B) 31 percent

10. Base on recent polling data, what percentage of Americans is worried about government monitoring of personal information?

C) 56 percent

11. Which of the following terms describe America’s fundamental political values?

E) liberty, equality, and democracy

12. Freedom from government control is what most Americans call:

C) liberty

13. The controversial nature of affirmative action reveals that:

B) different policy outcomes can be based on the same fundamental principle.

14. Which of the following statements about political opinions is not true?

C) The poor are generally less supportive of economic and social programs than the wealthy.

15. The process by which underling political values are formed is known as:

A) Political socialization

16. People’s political party preferences are primarily acquire through the influence of :

A) their families

17. Which of the following statements about agencies of socialization is Incorrect?

C) and individual’s religion has no impact on their political views.

18. Which of the following statements best describes perceptions of racism among blacks and whites?

A) Blacks are more likely than whites to believe that racism is very common in the United States today.

19. The term gender gap refers to :

A) differences in voting behavior between men and women.

20. Which of the following phenomena cannot be explained by the gender gap?

C) Men are more likely to join political parties and other social organizations.

21. Why are groups and associations so critical to the formation of political opinions?

A) Individual often consciously or unconsciously adopt the views of groups they identify with.

22. The "spiral of silence" describes the phenomenon of:

A) people who silence or modify their opinions in order to conform to their peer group’s beliefs.

23. What did James Madison identify as the greatest source of political conflict for the United States?

C) differences between the rich and the poor

24. What is the key difference between those who have gone to college and those who have not?

C) There is a higher level of political participation among those with a college education.

25. The transition many white southerners made from the Democratic to the Republican Party is a good example of :

A) the changes in political conditions and circumstances in the South, rather than the opinions values.

26. The believe that government is a wasteful and dangerous institution and should be limited to as few activities as possible is and example of a political :

C) ideology

27. A liberal would most likely support:

A) an expansion in governmental social services.

28. Opposition to legalized abortion is a position must likely supported by_____ while support for legalized abortion is a position most likely supported by_____.

B) Conservatives; liberals

29. Conservatives are more likely than liberals to support:

C) school prayer

30. One who supports abortion rights and opposes state involvement with religious institutions would be best described as:

A) liberal

31. In a liberal ideology, which of the core American values is most important ?

C) equality

32. ___ is the core political value most highly prized by American conservatives.

B) Liberty

33. Political ideologies can be best understood as:

B) open and fluid sets of general characteristics that shift in response to political events, political leaders, and life changes.

34. People’s underlying beliefs and ideologies:

b) Tends to automatically color their perceptions and opinions about politics.

35. Studies of political opinion show that…

a) most people do not hold specific and clearly defined opinions on all political issues.

36. While an individual’s underlying beliefs help shape his opinions on particular issues, two other important factors are:

A) One’s knowledge of political issues and the outside influences affecting that person’s views.

37. Which of the following is not true?

E) Others can not influence in people’s ideas and beliefs.

38. If a person does not know anything about a proposed piece of legislation but supports it because Barack Obama endorsed it: we would say the person:

E) reached their decision through the use of an informational shortcut.

39. Recent studies by political scientists have shown that ;

b) The average American exhibits little knowledge about political institution, processes, or leaders.

40. The ability of citizens to influence their government through an awareness of an interest in politics is called;

C) Political Efficacy

41. The concept of marketplace of ideas refers to;

b) the competition between varying opinions and ideas that are aired in public forums.

42. Why does the marketplace of ideas often have a moderating effect on people’s opinions?

A) Given constant exposure to other people’s ideas, it is almost impossible for one not to modify one’s own viewpoints.

43. Which of the following statements about the marketplace of ideas is true?

B) Very few ideas emerge and spread in the marketplace spontaneously.

44. Which of the following statements about the forces that shape public opinion is not true?

D) Government officials rarely attempt to influence public support for the policies they are promoting.

45. Which of the following was not part of the Bush administration’s effort to maintaing support for its war on terror?

E) donations to academic institutions

46. Which of the following statements about governmental public relations efforts is not true?

A) Do to its size and power, the government is incredibly successful at influencing public opinion.

47. Which of the following best characterizes the Clinton White House’s attempts to influence public opinion?

A) The Clinton White House used techniques similar to those used in election campaigns to bolster popular enthusiasm for White House initiatives.

48. Which organizations are committed to developing and marketing conservative ideas and policies?

A) The Heritage Foundation, the Hoover Institute, and the American Enterprise Institute.

49. Each of the following is a liberal organization except;

D) The Chamber of Commerce.

50. Which of the following statements is not true?

D) Think tanks do very little to develop and spread political ideas.

51. Political Ideas

B) Rarely erupt spontaneous from the American people and are often manufactured by think tanks and professors at universities.

52. Which statement concerning the news media is not true?

B) In a free democracy, the news media provides informations without framing or interpreting it in any particular way.

53. The famous Lincoln-Douglas debates took place

C) Outside, in the cornfields and town squares of Illinois

54. Which statement about public opinion polls is not true?

b) Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas were the first politicians to use public opinion polls.

55. The small group selected by pollsters to represent the entire population is called the;

C) Sample

56. In public opinion surveys, a sample of the total population;

D) Must be representative in that the views of those in the sample must be accurately and proportionately reflect the views of the whole population.

57. When pollsters are given a list of people to be surveyed, this list is called the;

A) Sampling frame

58. In 1936, pollsters at the Literary Digest were guilty of____ when they mistakenly predicted a presidential victory for Alf Landor over Franklin Roosevelt by polling people whose names came from the telephone book and automobile registration records.

D) Selection Bias

59. The failure of major pollsters to predict Jesse Ventura’s 1998 victory in Minnesota’s gubernatorial election demonstrates that;

B) researchers polled only people who had voted before, ignoring potential new voters.

60. The typical margin of error in a sample survey of 1,500 respondents is;

C) 3 percent.

61. A frequent cause of measurement error in polls is due to;

B) poorly worded questions

62. Question formats can cause errors in polling that affect the polls’;

A) Validity

63. The practice of push polling involves;

C) The procedure of asking loaded questions in order to subtly shape the respondent’s opinion.

64. When politicians use polling data to emphasize issues to which polls have given more importance than necessary, they have fallen for the;

c) illusion of saliency.

65. During presidential elections, there is often a post-convention___in the popularity of a presidential candidate resulting from increased media attention.

c) bounce

66. If decide to support a candidate because I see that he or she is the front-runner in a poll, I become an example of;

c) the bandwagon effect.

67. Which of the following statements best summarizes the findings of studies on the relationship between public opinion and public policy in the United States?

c) The government’s actions are usually in line with the public’s preferences but some areas of disagreement always arise.

69. An important reason for why public policy and public opinion may not coincide in the United States is that:

A) the American system of government includes arrangements, such as an appointed judiciary, which may produce policy decisions that run contrary to prevailing popular sentiment.

68. What is an initiative?

B) A procedure that allows for laws to be placed on a ballot and voted on by the electorate.

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