4.08 Module Exam

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Article III of the Constitution describes the structure of the

executive branch

legislative branch

judicial branch

district branch

judicial branch

A person or group who is not satisfied with the outcome of a trial

may appeal the decision to a higher court

can appeal if the trial was for a serious criminal case

has no recourse and must accept the outcome

usually can get the verdict or decision reversed

may appeal the decision to a higher court

Which of the following statements is true?

The Charter of the United Nations protects the rights of any person captured during an act of war.

The Geneva Conventions and Protocols protects the rights of people captured during an act of war.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights defines when it is appropriate to hold a prisoner of war.

The Bill of Rights to the U.S. Constitution defines when it is appropriate to hold a prisoner of war.

The Geneva Conventions and Protocols protects the rights of people captured during an act of war.

"We did not act quickly enough after the killing began. We should not have allowed the refugee camps to become safe havens for the killers. We did not immediately call these crimes by their rightful name—genocide."—President Bill Clinton

Which of the following geographic areas of people was President Clinton giving a speech to when he made these remarks?

Armenia

Rwanda

Bosnia

Iraq

Rwanda

The Freedom in the World democracy indicator shows that

Africa has more free countries than South America

South America has more free countries than North America

Asia has more free countries than South America

Europe has more free countries than Asia

Europe has more free countries than Asia

Based on this map, which of the following countries would you expect to have the greatest opportunities for citizen political participation?

India

China

Russia

Mexico

India

In the diamond industry, quotas and high prices have led to illegal trade and corrupt business activities. The worldwide media have helped bring attention to the problems, and international organizations have begun to address them. Which of the following continents would most likely be the target of this attention and policy?

South America

Africa

Australia

Antarctica

Africa

Based on this map, most international programs to expand access to safe drinking water would be expected to target countries in

Central Africa

North America

Northern Africa

Central America

Northern Africa

Which of the following types of cases would have to begin in a federal court?

dispute over a custody agreement about visitation rights between divorced parents

dispute over a state law related to a traffic violations and speed cameras

dispute that arose from a car accident that caused damage to a homeowners fence

dispute that arose from a law limiting immigration in Arizona

dispute that arose from a law limiting immigration in Arizona

Which of the following is true about state court systems?

The Constitution outlines a judicial plan that each state must follow.

State courts usually conduct all their different types of trials in one court.

Each state government organizes its court system under its state constitution.

State court systems are responsible for trying state and federal cases for the first time.

Each state government organizes its court system under its state constitution.

The outcome of the Supreme Court case

Brown v. Board of Education was that separate but equal facilities did not violate the Constitution

Brown v. Board of Education was that separate but equal facilities were violations of the Constitution

Plessy v. Ferguson was that former slaves had a protected right to petition the federal court system

Plessy v. Ferguson was that former slaves had no protected right to petition the federal court system

Brown v. Board of Education was that separate but equal facilities were violations of the Constitution

The outcome of the Supreme Court case

Plessy v. Ferguson was that separate but equal facilities did not violate the Constitution

Plessy v. Ferguson was that separate but equal facilities were violations of the Constitution

Brown v. Board of Education was that former slaves had a right to petition the court system

Brown v. Board of Education was that former slaves had no right to petition the court system

Plessy v. Ferguson was that separate but equal facilities did not violate the Constitution

The Sixth Amendment was interpreted in

Gideon v. Wainwright to mean that accused people have a right to be informed of their rights

Gideon v. Wainwright to mean states must pay for counsel if the defendant cannot afford it

Miranda v. Arizona to mean that accused people have a right to be informed of their rights

Miranda v. Arizona to mean states must pay for counsel if the defendant cannot afford it

Gideon v. Wainwright to mean states must pay for counsel if the defendant cannot afford it

Which of the following statements about judicial review is true?

Early leaders like Alexander Hamilton expected the Supreme Court to have the power of judicial review, as evidenced through Hamilton’s words in the Federalist Papers.

The Framers of the Constitution never intended the federal court system to have the power of judicial review, as they believed it was a power reserved for the states.

The Constitution does not include the idea of judicial review because it was not a concept considered or understood by early leaders of American government.

Early leaders like James Madison said it was not a necessary power of the Supreme Court because the states already were using this power.

Early leaders like Alexander Hamilton expected the Supreme Court to have the power of judicial review, as evidenced through Hamilton’s words in the Federalist Papers.

The authority of a court to review and possibly invalidate laws or executive actions that it determines are in violation of the Constitution and the case that established that authority in the United States are

the appeals process and McCulloch v. Maryland

judicial review and McCulloch v. Maryland

the appeals process and Marbury v. Madison

judicial review and Marbury v. Madison

judicial review and Marbury v. Madison

Which of the following statements about judicial review is correct?

It is the power of the judicial branch to determine whether a law is acceptable under the Constitution, as established by the case Marbury v. Madison.

It is the power of the judicial branch to determine a proposed bill is acceptable under the Constitution, as established by the case McCulloch v. Maryland.

It is the power of the executive branch to determine whether a court decision is acceptable under the Constitution, as established by the case Marbury v. Madison.

It is the power of the executive branch to determine whether a court punishment is acceptable under the Constitution, as established by the case McCulloch v. Maryland.

It is the power of the judicial branch to determine whether a law is acceptable under the Constitution, as established by the case Marbury v. Madison.

Some Americans prefer appointment of judges rather than elections because they believe appointment

leads judges to be dependent on the other government branches

costs less than if potential judges must run campaigns

frees judges from the pressures of public support and re-election

allows judges to focus on the will of the people in judicial review

frees judges from the pressures of public support and re-election

"The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex."

Which of the following reflects the source and impact of this quote?

It is from the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The amendment extended the right of former slaves to vote but had no real impact because slavery was over at the time it was ratified.

It is from the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Because of this amendment, the voting rights of women are protected because a prior related amendment failed to include gender.

It is from the 15th amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Male as well as female former slaves could vote in federal elections though not necessarily in state-level elections as a result.

It is from the 15th amendment to the U.S. Constitution. It was intended to protect the right of women to vote and hold elected office but was ignored for about one hundred years.

It is from the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Because of this amendment, the voting rights of women are protected because a prior related amendment failed to include gender.

Which of the following policy issue or regulation areas best relates to this data map?

ocean currents and erosion

slash and burn agriculture

water conservation

mineral mining

slash and burn agriculture

China, with most decision-making power concentrated into a few members of the Communist Party, is best described as a

democracy

autocracy

oligarchy

republic

oligarchy

The United States can be described as both indirectly democratic and

parliamentary

confederal

autocratic

federal

federal

People who see the United States as acting as the "World’s Police" focus on U.S. policies that reflect

isolationism

imperialism

interventionism

internationalism

interventionism

Which of the following is true about the United States in World War II?

It first declared an isolated position, but later moved to diplomacy and intervention to help end the war.

It first declared an international position, but later moved to imperialism to take control of the situation.

It first declared an imperial position, but later moved to diplomacy and military isolation to avoid death.

It first declared a diplomatic position, but later moved to isolation as the war continued without relief.

It first declared an isolated position, but later moved to diplomacy and intervention to help end the war.

Over time in U.S. history, court decisions and legislation have

increased restrictions on citizen civil liberties overall

extended civil liberties to more and more people

retained about the same level of civil liberties

continued to limit civil liberties for most groups

extended civil liberties to more and more people

Interpreting the phrase "We the People" in the Preamble to the Constitution to mean

only legal citizens explains the need for the 14th amendment

only legal citizens explains the need for the 19th amendment

all of the people explains the need for the 14th amendment

all of the people explains the need for the 19th amendment

only legal citizens explains the need for the 14th amendment

Which of the following foreign policy positions is based on diplomacy?

imperialism

isolationism

interventionism

internationalism

internationalism

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