2.07 exam review us government

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Federalists and Anti-federalists

disagreed on ratification of the Constitution and adding a bill of rights

"The majority, oppressing an individual, is guilty of a crime, abuses its strength, and by acting on the law of the strongest breaks up the foundations of society."—Thomas Jefferson

Which of the following statements both relates to the quote above and supports it?

The rule of the majority with protection for the minority’s rights is essential for preserving the liberties of all.

Which of the following grievances from the Declaration of Independence reflects the principle of social contract?

"For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent."

The Articles of Confederation reflected a strong belief in the supremacy of

state government

Which of the following means the same as "concurrent" powers?

shared

Because of the principle of "rule of law,"

even the president can be arrested and placed on trial

The U.S. Constitution reflects the principle of individual rights because

the framers added a Bill of Rights through the amendment process

Is the principle "separation of powers" evident in the U.S. Constitution?

Yes, it is shown because the first three articles describe the three branches of government

Article Five of the U.S. Constitution describes the amendment process. This power best reflects the principle of

federalism

An example of how the Constitution safeguards individual rights is

separating the powers into branches

Which of the following is a power the Constitution allows that could limit individual rights?

It allows the legislative branch to make necessary and proper laws to maintain stability and security.

ARTICLE II
"Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not by this Confederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled."—Articles of Confederation

This quote best reflects the principle of

federalism

Which of the following quotes best reflects the principle of popular sovereignty in the Declaration of Independence?

"He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people."

Which of the following quotes best reflects the principle of natural rights in the Declaration of Independence

"All men …are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness."

"I go further, and affirm that bills of rights, in the sense and to the extent in which they are contended for, are not only unnecessary in the proposed Constitution, but would even be dangerous. They would contain various exceptions to powers not granted; and on this very account, would afford a colorable pretext to claim more than were granted. For why declare that things shall not be done which there is no power to do?"—Alexander Hamilton

Which of the following makes a true statement about the quote?

Hamilton is a Federalist and reasons that adding a list of rights to the Constitution would cause problems later.

Which of the following is an example of a limit to executive power under the Constitution?

The Senate rejects a justice nominee.

Which of the following is an example of an implied power?

establishing an air force

The framers of the Constitution could not have anticipated creating an air force. Therefore, its creation is an example of

an implied power

Popular sovereignty means that

government authority comes from the people and is subject to their will

Ratifying amendments is an example of a

reserved power that is exclusive to the state governments

Americans would be most likely to accept some limitations to their rights when

public safety is considered at risk

Which of the following restrictions to individual rights could most reasonably protect the common good?

Requiring a permit in advance to hold an assembly, such as a parade or concert, in a public area

"(The power to regulate commerce is) the power to regulate; that is, to prescribe the rule by which commerce is to be governed. This power, like all others vested in Congress, is complete in itself, may be exercised to its utmost extent, and acknowledges no limitations, other than are prescribed in the Constitution."—Supreme Court

The Supreme Court defined the meaning of the power to "regulate commerce" in the case of

Gibbons v. Ogden

"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."—First Amendment, U.S. Constitution

Imagine you hear a radio ad that says a candidate for mayor of your city bribed local organizations to gain their votes. Which of the following is true?

If the accusation is true, the First Amendment protects the maker of the radio advertisement.

Trial by jury is an important right for a defendant on trial because it

helps protect the not guilty from wrongful conviction

Who has the responsibility for settling disputes over meaning in the Constitution?

Judicial branch

What is the meaning of the idea "federalism?"

State governments and a central government share power and responsibility.

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