11- The Presidency

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When do most states prefer to hold their primaries?

early in the election year

Why did political parties switch to national conventions to nominate presidential candidates?

To include more people in the process

Political parties first ____ to nominate presidential candidates

used congressional caucuses

A President who has only served one term _____.

usually runs for a second time

The presidential primary system _____.

is used in almost all states.

The selection of delegates to the national convention produces _____.

conflict in each party

Why does New Hampshire hold its primary first?

It has a state law

Which state holds it presidential primary first?

New Hampshire

Presidential electors were chosen to represent the interests of their _____.


Through the years, several plans have been suggested to _____.

reform the electoral college system

The plan for presidential succession would be put into action in each of these situations except _____.

the President being temporarily hospitalized

According to the 25th Amendment, who becomes Acting President if the President becomes disabled?

the Vice President

The vice presidency has taken on more importance in recent years because of _____.

the influence and experience of recent Vice Presidents

Which role best describes the President’s duties as head of the executive branch of government?

chief administrator

Each of the following factors contributed to the presidential selection system we use today except _____.

the concern over succession

Who received the second largest number of electoral votes in the 1796 election?

Thomas Jefferson

Who decides how much the President will be paid?

the Congress

In the United States, which is the President’s role as the chief of state?

The President both symbolizes and rules government.

Under the direct popular election plan to reform the Electoral College, the winner would always be _____.

the majority choice

In the Framers’ original presidential selection plan, electors would _____.

cast two votes, each for a different candidate for President

Why don’t major political parties have much interest in reforming the presidential primary process?

Each party sees the national convention as a way to unify and strengthen its party.

What happens when a presidential candidate wins a state with slightly more than half of the popular vote?

The candidate gets all of the state’s electoral votes.

If the House fails to choose a President by January 20, the 20th Amendment says that _____.

the Vice President shall act as President

Before being amended, the Constitution stated that if the presidency became vacant, the powers and duties of the President were to be _____.

transferred to the Vice President but not the office itself

Why did some people criticize an early plan to allow Congress to choose the President?

They wanted the people to have a role in selecting the President.

Which state holds its presidential primary first?

New Hampshire

To handle the government’s many domestic and foreign affairs, the Constitution gives the President broad powers to act as the nation’s _____.

chief executive

The Vice President’s role as next in line for the presidency was officially established by _____.

the 25th Amendment to the Constitution

Who developed the national convention to nominate presidential candidates?

political parties

The formal qualifications for people who wish to be President are established by _____.

the Constitution

Political parties first _____ to nominate presidential candidates.

used congressional caucuses

Electors in each state are chosen by _____.

popular vote

Which statement best describes how the President works with Congress?

The President suggests, requests, or insists that Congress pass his laws.

Which Framer presented the plan for a body of presidential electors?

Alexander Hamilton

Using either the district plan or the proportional plan to reform the Electoral College _____.

would not ensure that the winner of the popular vote would become President

The number of delegates from each state is determined by _____.

the state’s electoral vote

The primary role of a vice-presidential candidate who is chosen to balance the ticket is to _____.

attract more voters for the presidential candidate

The order of presidential succession after the Vice President was set by _____.

the Presidential Succession Act of 1947

As the main author of American foreign policy, the President acts as the nation’s _____.

chief diplomat

Prior to the 25th Amendment, the Constitution _____ if the President became temporarily unable to fulfill the duties of office.

provided no guidelines for what to do

In both the Democratic and Republican parties, a committee decides on _____.

the place and date of the national convention

Who is the oldest person to have been President?

Ronald Reagan

The Framers finally decided that the President and Vice President should be selected _____.

by a body of presidential electors

Which candidate’s performance in the first televised debate helped his campaign?

John F. Kennedy

Why did the Framers decide against choosing the President by popular vote?

They felt that the country was too large for voters to learn about the candidates.

The youngest person ever elected President was _____.

John F. Kennedy

According to the Constitution, which of the following persons can serve as President of the United States?

a 45-year-old American-born woman who lives in the United States

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