04.09 Honors Final Exam

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Which type of court would hear the appeal of a state-level supreme decision?

U.S. Supreme Court

Which of the following types of cases would have to begin in a state-level court?

disputes arising from accident damage to property

Juan is not a legal U.S. citizen, but he has permission to live and work in the United States through

a visa and may not run for elected positions

The regulatory agency responsible for regulating and supervising medical devices and cosmetics is the

U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Which of the following quotes best reflects the principle of limited government in the Declaration of Independence?

"A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people."

"When a long train of abuses and usurpations…evinces a design to reduce them [the colonists] under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security."—Declaration of Independence

Under what principle of government do the people have the duty described in this quote?

NOT (popular sovereignty)

"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."

Which of the following possible court cases could legitimately be argued under the terms of the quote above?

NOT (A person uses and shares illegal substances with minors who all say the activity is for worship of faith.)

The photograph of President George W. Bush was taken in 2003 as he gave a speech announcing the end of combat operations in Iraq. The photograph of the White House demonstration was taken in 2008, during Bush’s second term as president.Which of the following makes a true statement about the photographs?

NOT (In the 2003 photo, Bush uses emotional appeal to gain support for ongoing efforts in Iraq from the military and other citizens. The 2008 photo reveals a bias against Bush, using the memory of his 2003 speech to criticize policies and claims he made after that time.)

According to Article III of the U.S. Constitution, how long do federal judges serve?

until they choose to retire or resign

According to this graph, voter turnout is highest among 18- to 29-year-olds who report their race and ethnicity as


Which is true about the relationship between the Emancipation Proclamation and the 13th amendment to the U.S. Constitution?

The 13th Amendment expanded the freedom of the Emancipation Proclamation to more people.

"A democratic government is based on majority rule of the people. This would be impossible under the large republic proposed by the Constitution."

Which of the following best describes this quote?

It represents the perspective of an Anti-Federalist, arguing for a stronger role for the states.

Which of the following is a true statement related to changes in the American media?

As the types of media increase, the information and opportunities for influencing politics increase.

What happens if the Senate and House of Representatives pass two different bills on the same topic?

The conference committee will meet and resolve the bills’ differences.

Which of the following quotes from the Constitution describes the House of Representatives?

"The…shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States."

Which of the following cases ruled that segregation laws were acceptable and was later overturned through court decisions and legislation?

Plessy v. Ferguson

The U.S. Constitution is based on several principles of American democracy. Is the principle "separation of powers" among those evident in the document?

Yes, it is shown because the first three articles describe the three branches of government.

The idea of the social contract is that a government is only legitimate if it has

consent of the governed

Under the Rule of Law,

everyone, including government officials, must abide by the laws

Which of the following countries is least likely to hold free and legitimate elections by its citizens, based on this map?


The naturalization process in the United States

NOT (usually takes months to years because officials investigate and find that most applicants are here illegally)

An expressed power is a power

delegated to the national government

According to this map depicting the results of the 2000 election, winning the

South and Midwest electoral college votes allowed Bush to win

"It is evident that each department should have a will of its own; and consequently should be so constituted that the members of each should have as little agency as possible in the appointment of the members of the others."-Federalist No. 51

Which of the following principles of American government does this quote directly support?

separation of powers

Which of the following best explains why people do not have unlimited First Amendment rights?

Certain types of speech could infringe on others’ rights or public safety.

A country with a government based on democracy would

conduct regular elections to select representative officials

From the list below, the most direct way an individual can influence public policy is to

vote on proposed laws

Which of the following is an example of lobbying and its influence on public policy?

An interest group spokesperson tries to convince officials to vote a certain way on bills affecting the group’s members.

When lawmakers compare multiple potential public policy solutions, they

focus on minimizing costs while maximizing the benefits

Which of the following countries is most likely to have policies and regulations concerning the gold trade?


The Constitution distributes all the powers of the central government

between Congress, the president, and the courts

U.S. Circuit 9 by law has

NOT (an appellate court in each state)

A supreme court has jurisdiction on a case when the case has been

heard by a court of appeal and there is a legitimate constitutional question

Media outlets around the world

criticized U.S. policy toward terror suspect detainees as violating human rights

The phrase, "shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment" is from the U.S. Constitution. It describes the power of the

president to forgive crimes of federal officials

Sue and Tim are arguing about the value of appointing rather than electing federal judges. Sue says the judges should be elected. Which of the following statements supports her position?

NOT (Judges in most federal court positions are elected so it should be the same way at the state and local level as well.)

The role of a judge is different from other federal officials because a judge

bases decisions on the law while other officials base decisions on the will of the people

Which of the following is an example of government affecting citizens’ daily lives?

A new on-ramp to the highway is under construction.

Setting up courts is an example of

a concurrent power

Which of the following is a reasonable conclusion based on the map?

Most Northeastern and Midwestern states decreased as a portion of the total national population.

Which foreign policy position is reflected in the working relationship between the United States and Mexico to fight the illegal drug trade?


"The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized."

Which of the following possible court cases could be argued under the terms of the quote above?

a person rejects police requests to unlock the car doors and windows

The minority opinion of a decided case

expresses the justification for a dissenting opinion of one or more judges

The process of judicial review applies to

NOT (proposed legislation and executive actions)

"I believe as strongly as ever that we should take on illegal immigration. That’s why my administration has put more boots on the border than ever before. That’s why there are fewer illegal crossings than when I took office."—President Barack Obama, 2012 State of the Union Address

"New U.S. Border Patrol statistics show arrests on the Arizona border were up 6 percent—by about 10,000—from October to April, even as apprehension of illegals dropped 9 percent overall. The agency uses arrests to gauge the flow of migrants; there are no precise figures on the number of illegal crossings."—Associated Press, May 18, 2011

The quotes above reveal that the president

NOT (uses falsehoods to convince the public they should support the policy changes he wants to make)

The Articles of Confederation

NOT (created a weak central government, reflecting early American leaders’ fear of tyranny)

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