02.07 Module Exam

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The principle that the central and state governments will share power and responsibility is known as:


One way the Constitution safeguards individual rights is through

the first 10 amendments, also known as the Bill of Rights

Which of the following is a power the Constitution allows that could limit individual rights?

It allows the legislative branch to make necessary and proper laws to maintain stability and security.

"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."—First Amendment, U.S. Constitution

Imagine you hear a radio ad that says a candidate for mayor of your city bribed local organizations to gain their votes. Which of the following is true?

If the accusation is true, the First Amendment protects the maker of the radio advertisement.

You see a show on television where police officers search a house for evidence in a crime. The suspects claim that the officers had no right to enter their home, based on the

Fourth Amendment

"(The power to regulate commerce is) the power to regulate; that is, to prescribe the rule by which commerce is to be governed. This power, like all others vested in Congress, is complete in itself, may be exercised to its utmost extent, and acknowledges no limitations, other than are prescribed in the Constitution."—Supreme Court

The Supreme Court defined the meaning of the power to "regulate commerce" in the case of

Gibbons v. Ogden

Which of the following parts of the U.S. Constitution best reveals the principle of federalism?

Amendment Process

The veto power of the president under the U.S. Constitution best reflects the principle of

Checks and Balances

The U.S. Constitution reflects the principle of individual rights because

the framers added a Bill of Rights through the amendment process

Which of the following quotes best reflects the principle of popular sovereignty in the Declaration of Independence?

"He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people."

Which of the following quotes best reflects the principle of natural rights in the Declaration of Independence?

"All men …are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness."

Who has the responsibility for settling disputes over meaning in the Constitution?

Judicial Branch

Which of the following quotes from the Declaration of Independence reflects the principle of popular sovereignty?

"We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America…do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies… declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States."

Federalists and Anti-federalists

disagreed on ratification of the Constitution and adding a bill of rights

Which of the following is an example of a reserved power?

Granting professional license

Federalism refers to the

supremacy of the powers of the national government

"I go further, and affirm that bills of rights, in the sense and to the extent in which they are contended for, are not only unnecessary in the proposed Constitution, but would even be dangerous. They would contain various exceptions to powers not granted; and on this very account, would afford a colorable pretext to claim more than were granted. For why declare that things shall not be done which there is no power to do?"—Alexander Hamilton

Which of the following makes a true statement about the quote?

Hamilton is a Federalist and reasons that adding a list of rights to the Constitution would cause problems later.

Americans would be most likely to accept some limitations to their rights when

Public safety is considered at risk

A natural disaster strikes, and many people are without food or shelter. To protect public safety, the government would most likely

Set a curfew to prevent criminal activity

The Declaration of Independence states that people have

natural rights that people are born with and that no government can take away

Which of the following describes "reserved powers?"

They belong only to state governments

The structure of the Articles of Confederation

neglected the principle "separation of powers" because it did not create a separate judicial branch

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