End of the War

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How did General Sherman’s "March to the Sea" affect the Confederacy during the Civil War?

It crippled the Confederate war effort in the wake of the destruction.
It boosted morale and revitalized the Confederacy’s fighting spirit.
It caused Southern generals to adopt their own total war strategy.
It resulted in the South’s immediate surrender and the end of the war.

It crippled the Confederate war effort in the wake of the destruction.

After the Civil War ended, how was the North affected economically?

The agricultural economy suffered and declined.
Industry thrived and the economy soon recovered.
The rise in inflation bankrupted many businesses.
Economic uncertainty caused businesses to fail.

Industry thrived and the economy soon recovered.

Which statement best describes the problems the North and South faced after the Civil War?

The North faced severe economic problems, while the South faced severe social problems.
Though both areas suffered from the war, the South fared much worse than the North.
The North faced many rebuilding challenges in its cities, while the South rebuilt its cities quickly.
Though both areas suffered from the war, the North fared much worse than the South.

Though both areas suffered from the war, the South fared much worse than the North.

Why did General Lee fail during his last stand at the Appomattox Court House?
He refused to use a total war strategy.
His troops were weak and surrounded.
His reinforcements did not arrive in time.
His troops had deserted him completely.

His troops were weak and surrounded.

During General Sherman’s "March to the Sea," Union soldiers
traveled from Savannah to Atlanta.
fought on battlefields along the way.
destroyed buildings, railroads, and crops.
attacked mostly military resources.

destroyed buildings, railroads, and crops.

At the time, the number of soldiers killed during the Civil War

was less than the number killed in the Revolutionary War.
was the same as the number killed during the War of 1812.
was the same as the number killed in the Spanish-American War.
was more than the number killed in all previous US wars combined.

was more than the number killed in all previous US wars combined.

When Grant broke the Confederate lines on April 2, 1865, Lee

alerted President Davis to evacuate Richmond.
gathered his remaining troops for one last stand.
surrendered to Grant immediately.
fled with his army to Savannah.

NOT surrendered to Grant immediately.

After the Civil War, slavery came to an end in the South, and

the population sharply decreased.
a new labor system was needed.
prejudice and racism decreased.
the agricultural economy improved.

a new labor system was needed.

Who assassinated President Lincoln after the South’s defeat in the Civil War?

William J. Black
John Wilkes Booth
George McClellan
Jefferson Davis

John Wilkes Booth

The loss of farms, crops, and enslaved labor as a result of the Civil War meant that the

Northern economy almost completely shut down.
Southern economy almost completely shut down.
entire nation’s economy had to be rebuilt.
entire nation had to suffer without food.

Southern economy almost completely shut down.

As a slaveholder and a Democrat, President Andrew Johnson was

part of the negotiations that ended the Civil War.
unable to lead the country through Reconstruction.
often at odds with Republicans in Congress.
assassinated at the end of the Civil War.

often at odds with Republicans in Congress.

How did General Grant’s total war strategy affect the presidential election of 1864?

It made Lincoln a popular candidate for the Democratic Party, which approved of Grant’s strategy.
It allowed Sherman to capture Atlanta, which increased Lincoln’s popularity in the election.
It horrified many voters in the North, who decided to support Andrew Johnson instead of Lincoln.
It lost Lincoln support among abolitionists, who wanted him to focus on freeing enslaved workers instead.

It allowed Sherman to capture Atlanta, which increased Lincoln’s popularity in the election.

In the wake of the Civil War, compared to the South the North
had sustained very little destruction.
had to create a new labor system.
had more economic challenges.
had to repair damaged property.

had sustained very little destruction.

Which event led to the capture of Richmond, the Confederate capital?

the Shenandoah Valley Campaign
the "March to the Sea"
the capture of Atlanta
the Siege of Petersburg

the Siege of Petersburg

Who became president in the wake of Abraham Lincoln’s assassination?

Andrew Johnson
Ulysses S. Grant
Philip H. Sheridan
George McClellan

Andrew Johnson

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