EMT moving and lifting.

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In order to facilitate a safe and coordinated move, the team leader should:

use preparatory commands to initiate any moves.

The proper technique for using the power grip is to

lift with your palms up

The direct carry is used to transfer a patient:

from a bed to the ambulance stretcher

Prior to applying medical restraints to a combative patient, you should:

evaluate the patient for potentially correctible cause of combativeness, such as head injury, hypoxia, or hypoglycemia

It is essential that you ____________ your equipment to prevent the spread of disease.

decontaminate

Which of the following statements regarding an emergency patient move is correct?

An emergency move is performed before the primary assessment and treatment.

A folding or portable stretcher is MOST beneficial when:

a second patient must be transported on the squad bench of the ambulance

The _________ is both the mechanical weight-bearing base of the spinal column and the fused central posterior section of the pelvic girdle.

sacrum

What is the MOST appropriate method to use when moving a patient from his or her bed to the wheeled stretcher?

draw sheet method

Which of the following statements regarding the neonatal isolette is correct?

The isolette serves to keep the neonate warm and protects from excess handling

Which of the following statements regarding patient weight distribution is correct?

The majority of a horizontal patient’s weight is in the torso

Which of the following statements regarding the scoop stretcher is NOT correct?

A scoop stretcher will provide adequate immobilization of a patient’s spinal column

When moving a conscious, weak patient down a flight of stairs, you should:

place the wheeled stretcher at the bottom of the stairs and carry the patient down the stairs with a stair chair.

The extremity lift would NOT be appropriate to use on a patient:

with a deformed humerus

With proper technique, you and your partner should be able to safely lift a patient who weighs up to ______ lb.

220

Which of the following conditions or situations presents the MOST unique challenge to the EMT when immobilizing an elderly patient on a long backboard?

abnormal spinal curvature

Upon arriving at the scene of a motor vehicle crash, you find a single patient still seated in his car. There are no scene hazards. As you approach the vehicle, you note that the patient is semiconscious and has a large laceration to his forehead. You should:

direct your partner to apply manual in-line support of the patient’s head

To avoid injury when pushing a patient or other object, you should

avoid pushing the patient with your elbows fully extended.

The MOST appropriate carrying device to use when moving a patient across rough or uneven terrain is the:

basket strecher

Which of the following MOST accurately describes the correct position of the EMTs who are executing the diamond carry technique?

one at the head, one at the feet, and one on each side of the patient’s torso

Which of the following situations would require an urgent patient move?

semiconscious patient with shallow respirations and signs of shock

An EMT may injure his or her back, even if it is straight, if the

back is bent forward at the hips.

You and your partner enter the residence of an elderly couple, both of whom are found unconscious in their bed. There is no evidence of trauma. As you begin your assessment, you and your partner notice the smell of natural gas in the residence. Which of the following should be your MOST appropriate action?

Rapidly remove the patients from their residence using a blanket or clothes drag

Which of the following statements regarding the power lift is correct?

It is the safest and most powerful method of lifting a patient.

Which of the following is the MOST appropriate device to use when immobilizing a patient with a suspected spinal injury?

long backboard

To minimize the risk of injuring yourself when lifting or moving a patient, you should:

keep the weight as close to your body as possible.

When using a body drag to pull a patient who is on the ground, you should

kneel to minimize the distance that you will have to lean over

The MOST serious consequence of a poorly planned or rushed patient move is:

injury to you or your patient.

Which of the following steps is NOT proper procedure when performing an emergency move?

lifting the patient by the belt to move him or her

You have two patients who were involved in a motor vehicle crash when their SUV struck a tree—one with neck and back pain, and the other with a deformed left femur. The patient with the deformed femur states that he does not want to be placed on a hard board, nor does he want a collar around his neck. What is the MOST appropriate and practical method of securing these patients and placing them into the ambulance?

Immobilize the patient with neck and back pain on a long backboard and place him on the wheeled stretcher; place the patient with the deformed femur on a folding stretcher secured to the squad bench

An 81-year-old female fell and struck her head. You find the patient lying on her left side. She is conscious and complains of neck and upper back pain. As you are assessing her, you note that she has a severely kyphotic spine. What is the MOST appropriate method of immobilizing this patient?

Leave her on her side and use blanket rolls to immobilize her to the long backboard.

The FIRST rule of safe lifting is to:

keep your back in a straight, vertical position.

When a person is standing upright, the weight of anything being lifted and carried in the hands is FIRST reflected onto the:

shoulder girdle

In which of the following situations would a direct ground lift be the MOST appropriate method of moving a patient?

a conscious patient complaining of abdominal pain

Situations in which you should use the rapid extrication technique include all of the following, EXCEPT:

a patient who can be properly assessed while still in the vehicle

In which of the following situations is an emergency patient move indicated?

The EMT is unable to protect the patient from scene hazards.

A 56-year-old female is found supine in a narrow hallway of her mobile home. She complains of severe weakness and dizziness, and states that she is unable to walk. There is no evidence of trauma and the patient states that she did not fall. How should you and your partner move this patient to a more spacious area?

extremity lift

General guidelines for carrying a patient on a stretcher include:

constant communication with your partners

You should not attempt to lift a patient who weighs more than 250 lb with fewer than _______ rescuers, regardless of individual strength

four

When carrying a patient up or down stairs, you should avoid:

using a wheeled stretcher whenever possible

An unrestrained patient is sitting in his car after an automobile crash. He is conscious and alert, has no visible trauma, and is complaining of neck and back pain. Before removing him from his car, you should:

apply a cervical collar and immobilize him with a vest-style device

In most instances, you should move a patient on a wheeled ambulance stretcher by:

pushing the head of the stretcher while your partner guides the foot

A critical aspect of the rapid extrication technique is to

maintain stabilization of the spine at all times

When carrying a patient on a backboard up or down stairs

keep the head end elevated

When performing the rapid extrication technique to remove a patient from their vehicle, you should..

apply a cervical collar and remove the patient on a long backboard

When pulling a patient you should extend your arms no more than.

15’" to 20 " in front of your torso

These situations you should use the rapid extrication technique

a patient whose condition requires immediate transport a patient who needs immediate care that requires a supine position a patient who blocks access to another seriously injured patient

you and your partner respond to the scene of a 49 yr old male with acute abdominal pain. as you enter his residence, you find him lying on the floor in severe pain. he is conscious and alert. the patient appears to weigh in excess of 350 pounds your first action should be to?

request additional personnel before making any attempt to lift him

an emt may injure his or her back even if it is straight, if the?

back is bent forward at the hips

which of the following steps is NOT proper procedure when performing an emergency move?

lifting the patient by the belt to move him or her

In contrast to typical wheeled ambulance stretchers, features of a bariatric stretcher include?

Increased stability due to a wider wheelbase

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