EMT Chapter 7 Quiz

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A 16 year old female complains of vaginal bleeding and abdominal cramping that began several hours ago. During your assessment interview, you should

Inquire about the possibility of pregnancy in private, if possible

A normal systolic blood pressure for a 30 year old is between

90 and 140 mm Hg

An infant’s blood pressure typically increases with age because

Blood pressure directly corresponds to body weight

Atherosclerosis is defined as

The blockage of a coronary artery

Children of which age group are considered toddlers

1-3 years

In preconventional reasoning, children

Act almost purely to avoid punishment and to get what they want

Older adults frequently

Take multiple medications

Physical changes that typically occur in early adults include an

increase in fatty tissue, which leads to weight gain

The areas of the infants skull that have not yet fused together are called

fontanelles

The average pulse rate of persons between 19 and 60 years of age is typically

70 beats/min

The human body should be functioning at its optimal level between the ages of

19 and 25 years

The respiratory rate of 30 breaths per minute in an infant is

normal

The risk of bleeding in the skull, which increases with age, is MOST directly related to

shrinkage of the brain

What is normal respiratory rate for an adult

12-20 breaths/min

When you are communicating with an older patient, it is important to remember that

age-related changes diminish the effectiveness of the eyes and ears

Which of the following describes the Moro reflex

The neonate opens his or her arms wide, spreads his or her fingers and seems to grasp at something after being startled

Which of the following is a physical change that typically occurs in the adolescent age group?

Secondary sexual development begins

Which of the following is NOT a common factor that would affect a 75 year old patients vital signs?

Increased weight

Why do middle adults commonly experience financial concerns?

They are preparing for retirement but must still manage everyday financial demands

You are dispatched to a call for a 4 month old infant with respiratory distress. While you prepare to take care of this child, you must remember that

Small infants are nose breathers and require clear nasal passages at all times

Why is a neonate’s head more "moldable"?

the fontanelles have not yet fused to form the skull.

Congenital abnormalities are the leading cause of death in which age group?

Neonates

At what stage do vital signs begin to level off within adult ranges?

Adolescent

Which of the following conditions is an infant most likely to have?

Airway obstruction

Which age group is most likely to suffer from diabetes?

Older adults

Which of the following statements is true about the physiology of older adults?

The metabolic rate in the older brain does not change

Which of the following should be expected when you assess a 76-year-old patient’s pupils?

Slower pupillary reaction

Which of the following affects vital signs the most in older adults?

Overall health of the patient

Which life stage is apt to be characterized by antisocial behavior and peer pressure?

Adolescent

Changes in which of the following body systems can result in the most debilitating of age-related illnesses?

Nervous

What is vital capacity?

volume of air moved during the deepest points of respiration

Kidney function declines by ________ between the ages of 20 and 90 years

50%

diastolic blood pressure tends to _____________ with age

increase

work family and stress best describe the age as

early adulthood

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