EMT Chapter 30 Quiz

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Bruising to the right upper quadrant of the abdomen following blunt trauma is MOST suggestive of injury to the:

liver.

The mesentery is:

a membranous fold that attaches the intestines to the walls of the body.

Contraction or tensing of the abdominal muscles in an effort to ease pain is called:

guarding.

Accumulation of blood in the abdominal cavity will MOST likely cause:

distention.

When worn properly, a seatbelt should lie:

below the anterior superior iliac spines of the pelvis and against the hip joints.

The presence of tachycardia following a significant abdominal injury:

should be assumed to be a sign of shock.

Early bruising following abdominal trauma often manifests as:

red areas of skin.

During your assessment of a patient who experienced blunt trauma to the abdomen, you notice bruising around the umbilicus. This is a sign of:

intra-abdominal bleeding.

Compression injury is most likely due to which of the following?

Improperly placed lab belt

When a patient stiffens the muscles of the abdomen, it is known as _______.

guarding.

Injuries to the external male genitalia _______.

are rarely life-threatening

Which of the following is true regarding injury to the kidneys?

Injury to the kidneys usually indicates injury to other organs.

You are transporting a 42-year-old male who experienced blunt abdominal trauma. He is receiving oxygen at 12 L/min via a nonrebreathing mask and full spinal precautions have been applied. During your reassessment, you note his level of consciousness has decreased and his respirations have become shallow. You should:

insert an airway adjunct if he will tolerate it and begin assisting his ventilations with a BVM.

Which of the following statements regarding abdominal eviscerations is correct?

The protruding organs should be kept warm and moist.

Which of the following organs would MOST likely bleed profusely when injured?

Liver

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