EMT Chapter 1 – EMS Systems

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According to the National EMS Scope of Practice Model, an EMT should be able to:

assist a patient with certain prescribed medications

According to the National EMS Scope of Practice Model, an EMT would require special permission from the medical director and the state EMS office in order to:

perform blood glucose monitoring

An appropriate demonstration of professionalism when your patient is frightened, demanding, or unpleasant is to:

continue to be nonjudgmental, compassionate, and respectful.

An EMS provider who has extensive training in various aspects of advanced life support (ALS) is called a(n):

paramedic

As an EMT, you may be authorized to administer aspirin to a patient with chest pain based on:

your local EMS protocols

Cardiac monitoring, pharmacological interventions, and other advanced treatment skills are functions of the:

paramedic

Continuing education in EMS serves to:

maintain, update and expand your knowledge and skills

EMRs such as fire fighters, law enforcement officers, and park rangers, are an integral part of the EMS system because:

the presence of a person training to initiate basic life support (BLS) care cannot be ensured

EMT training in nearly every state meets or exceeds the guidelines recommended by the:

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)

If a defibrillator manufacturer claims that its device terminates ventricular fibrillation on the first shock 95% of the time, you should:

recognize that this does not mean it will save more lives.

If an EMT candidate has been convicted of a felony or misdemeanor, he or she should:

contact the state EMS office and provide them with the required documentation

Laypeople are often trained to perform all of the following skills, EXCEPT:

1) control of life threatening bleeding 2) one or two rescuer CPR 3) splinting of a possible fracture 4) NOT – insertion of an oropharyngeal airway.

Obtaining continuing medical education is the responsibility of the:

individual EMT

The continuous quality improvement (CQI) process is designed to:

identify areas of improvement and provide remedial training if needed

The criteria to be licensed and employed as an EMT include:

proof of immunization against certain communicable diseases

The determination that prompt surgical care in the hospital is more important than performing time-consuming procedures in the field on a major trauma patient is based MOSTLY on:

EMS research

The person who is responsible for authorizing EMTs to perform emergency medical care in the field is the:

medical director

The standards for prehospital emergency care and the individuals who provide it are typically regulated by the:

state office of EMS

The ____________ deals with the well-being of the EMT, career progression, and EMT compensation.

human resources department

What type of medical direction do standing orders and protocols describe?

off-line

Which of the following descriptions MOST accurately portrays emergency medical services (EMS)?

a team of health care professionals who are responsible for providing emergency care and transportation to the sick and injured

Which of the following errors is an example of a knowledge-based failure?

An EMT administers the wrong drug to a patient because she did not know the pertinent information about the drug.

Which of the following is a unique function of the emergency medical dispatcher (EMD)?

providing callers with life-saving instructions

Which of the following is an example of a primary prevention strategy?

community awareness programs that emphasize the dangers of drinking and driving

Which of the following scenarios does NOT involve the administration of ALS?

a 64-year-old cardiac arrest patient who is defibrillated with an automated external defibrillator (AED)

What skill or intervention is included at every level of prehospital emergency training?

AED

Which of the following statements regarding the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 is correct?

The ADA prohibits employers from failing to provide full and equal employment to the disabled.

Which of the following statements regarding the EMS medical director and an EMT’s scope of practice is correct?

An EMT’s scope of practice may be expanded by the medical director after proper training and state approval

Which of the following statements regarding the NREMT is correct?

The NREMT provides a national standard for EMS testing

Why are prehospital emergency care guidelines updated on a regular basis?

Additional information and evidence indicate that the effectiveness of certain interventions has changed.

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