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Dental Anatomical Anomalies

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It goes without saying that the human anatomy is a crucial part of any individual pursuing any scientific field of study. It is also essential to note that the various cases of anomalies are critical in the treatment and prevention of all dental disorders. Therefore, this review seeks to assess the author’s perspective on the mandible abnormalities and the precautionary measures which have to be taken in the process of anesthetizing the persons affected.

In the article, the author starts by pointing out that there are four common anomalies which are associated with the proper functioning of the mandible. To start with, he highlights that the use of local anesthesia is very fundamental because the solution is commonly applied to the jaw area where the problem frequently lurks. One of the parts that can be influenced is the accessory mylohyoid nerve which originates from a branch of the alveolar nerve. It is responsible for the delivery of sensory information from the mandibular teeth (Dryden, 1993). The author goes ahead to admit in the place where an alveolar is blocked, mandibular anesthesia cannot be achieved. Hence, the author concludes that accessory innervations of the mandibular teeth by the mylohyoid nerve can occur.

On the other hand, the bifid mandibular nerve is also another anatomical variation worth noting. The anomaly is easily identifiable by the use of panoramic radiographs which concludes its presence evidenced by the accessory mandibular foramen and the lingulae. In this case, the use of local anesthesia can be efficient because of the inferior alveolar block, as in the case of Gow-Gates, can allow for smooth anesthetizing (Levy, 1981). Therefore, it is the responsibility of the dentists to critically assess the type of abnormally by the use of radiographs and ultimately seek the most suitable method of anesthetizing the anomalies.

Another anomaly that was mentioned affects the retro molar foramen, which is pointed out by the accessory innervations to the mandibular molars. The abnormality is hypothesized to emanate from the long buccal branch or the early accessory parts of the alveolar nerve. In this case, the author provides a deeper understanding of the analogies of the disorder and the possible ways to combat the problem. At this point, he concludes that the local anesthesia is effective if the practitioner (dentist) provides the anesthesia through the retromolar entry (Watson, 1992). The article also points out the contralateral innervations of anterior teeth as an example of the mandibular disorder which affects the terminal portion of the inferior alveolar nerve.

Conclusively, the article is a vital piece of writing which can benefit a great number of practitioners pursuing the dental scientific field. It is also commendable to note that it gives a critical analysis of the states of the teeth, describes the situation, and gives possible causes which may lead to the abnormality. Besides, an individual can deduce the ways or means of administering local anesthesia and the areas where they can be applied to make them more efficient. To my point of view, the overall perspective of the article is that the problems, causes and the possible form of treatments have been highlighted and are well explainable to any individual.

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