Vaccination is a patient care task that involves the administration of an antigenic substance to a person’s immune system to stimulate the development of adaptive immunity to specific pathogens. Some of the associated terms of vaccination include subunit, toxoid, DNA, conjugate, recombinant, live attenuated and inactivated vaccines. When scientist analyzes genes from a microbe and creates a DNA vaccine against it, they develop DNA vaccines. Conjugate vaccines are against those bacteria that possess polysaccharides. Subunit vaccines include the antigens, which best stimulate the immune system. Vaccines that contain living weakened microbes from the lab, which cannot cause diseases best describes live, attenuated vaccines. Inactivated vaccines kill the disease-causing microbes with radiation, heat or chemicals. Toxoid vaccines are vaccines developed against bacteria that secrete toxins. The term toxoid can also be referred to as detoxified toxins (NIAID, 2017).
Interoperability is the ability of various software applications and information technology systems to communicate, exchange data and make use of the data exchanged. Therefore, it allows data sharing within and across the organizational boundaries to advance effectiveness in the delivery of healthcare for communities and individuals (Sewell & Thede, 2012).
Since there are different types of vaccination, a problem will occur when one of the team members does not chart a vaccination regarding a particular patient correctly. The electronic health record is important because it avails the patient’s information instantly and securely to all authorized personnel. However, wrong charting may lead to further complications to the patient when seeking further medical help. The information to look at whenever wrong charting occurs is the application of the electronic charting guidelines and contacting the IT helpdesk for immediate remedy and thus prevent further harm (Sewell & Thede, 2012).