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Community teaching work plan proposal

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Planning before teaching:

 

Name and credentials of teacher: Christine patience

Estimated time teaching will last 3 hours.

Location of teaching: Balkancommune hall

 

Supplies, material, equipment needed: Manila papers, handouts,  pens, papers, whiteboards, a projector, markers, and laptop

Estimated cost:  5000 us dollars

 

Community and target aggregate: Residences of Balkan, harmony, Pala pay, bogy, Purok A and B Communities

 

Topic: prevention and control of hypertension

 

 

Epidemiological rationale for topic

The prevalence of hypertension among the adults and elderly has increased to the extent that more than half of the elderly aged 60-69 years and about 70 percent of those aged seventy years and above are infected with this epidemic (Perth& Matfin, 2009).  In 2012, about thirty percent of adults in New York adults were told they have high blood pressure and are not aware of it (New York City department of health and mental hygiene, 2012).  Several studies have been conducted on the prevalence of hypertension and revealed that in 2008, the prevalence rate was at 33.5% for African-American, and 8.9% for Caucasians. The study also revealed that 65 % of the elderly were affected than the 29.1% in young adults (Fernandez et al, 2008).  The fact that 65% of the elderly are infected with hypertension, there is a great need to promote health prevention measures in our communities. 

Nursing diagnosis:

During nursing diagnosis, the following are the lifestyle modifications for preventing hypertension. Participants will be advised to engage in regular aerobic activities such as brisk walking for about 30 minutes per day. Community members will be advised to maintain body weight for adults at a mass index of 18.5-24.9 kg /m2 in addition to the reduction of sodium intake to a maximum of 100mmol (6 g of sodium chloride) per day.  Each one will be advised to consume diets that are rich in potassium up to 3500mg per day. This could be achieved through taking vegetables and fruit while reducing the consumption of low-fat products.  

Readiness for learning:

According to the perceptions of the western culture, a disease is considered as an occurring phenomenon. Westerners strongly believe in medical treatment such as therapeutic procedures, pharmaceutical regimen and surgical procedures for diagnosis and treatment of their illnesses. While other cultures such as the Hispanics believe that illness is the divine will hence home remedies can heal the patient. Africa Americans believe in seeking medical advice where necessary, others believe in following medical regimens and the rest believe in God for healing (Allender et al, 2010). According to the Jewish culture, human life is more significant than anything else is on earth.  Basing on the information acquired from the community members, they are very much happy with the program and majority has demonstrated the anxiety to learn because of their beliefs, which have opened the door to have a strong relationship with moderators and educators. 

Learning theory utilized

The training session intends to use the cognitive learning theory. The learning materials such as projectors, manuals, and whiteboards will be incorporated into the learning process to accommodate the health differences among patients.  The cognitive theory is based on the level of education of each participant. The higher the levels of education the more advance danced teaching methods. At the end of the study, session participants are expected to change their attitudes about hypertension and gain courage about caring for themselves effectively against the epidemic. To assess their level of knowledge about hypertension, each participant will be given a pretest and a posttest to measure the degree of awareness among the participants.

Goal:

The major goal for this teaching plan is to achieve 80% awareness among participants about the prevalence of hypertension, the prevention measures, treatment, and management of the disease. According to the HP2020 objectives, the learning proposal is meant to teach participants on how to incorporate a healthy lifestyle and prolong their life span against hypertension using the knowledge acquired from the presentations.

 

How does this HP2020 objective relate to alma area's health for all global initiatives?

According to alma ata’s health for all global initiatives when assessing blood pressures, participants ask some questions which must be answered logically by the medical personnel. Some participant may repeatedly have high blood pressure readings even if they are not instructed to consult doctors. During the training session, participants will be given an opportunity to express their feelings by asking a number of questions to consultants. By answering questions asked, participants, will easily understand the applicability of the knowledge given to them and eventually learn how to manage, treat, and prevent against hypertension.  

Behavioral objectives (including domains), content, and strategies/methods:

Behavioral objective
and domain

Content 
 

 

Strategies/methods

.

After the first hour of health teaching, community participants will be aware of the risks of acquiring hypertension.

 

 

Many factors, incidences, and risks can cause hypertension namely;

  • How much salt and water do you have in your body
  • Kidney conditions, nervous system performance and conditions of blood vessels
  • The level of different hormones in the body

 

One can have high blood pressure (hypertension) if he/she is obese, anxious s, or stressed, have diabetes, smoke, eat too much salt in food, or drink too much alcohol.

 

Discussion and role playing

After the second hour of health teaching, community participants will be able to

have sufficient  knowledge about the presence of hypertension

 

 

  • Hypertension is a biological term used to describe high blood pressure in human body.
  • Blood pressure is the amount of force against the walls of arteries as your heart pumps blood through the body vessels.
  • When blood pressure is lower than 120/80mmhg, that is normal pressure.
  • Hypertension is when your blood pressures above 140/90mmhg

 if your blood pressures are ranging between 120/80 and 140/90mmhg, that is pre-hypertension

Discussion and role playing

After the third hour of health teaching, community participants will be able to know different ways of how to prevent or control hypertension.

 

 

 

 

  • Most cases there are less or no symptoms for hypertension, it is discovered when a patient visits the health care provider.
  • To get the signs and tests for hypertension, the doctor will check your blood pressures and read the results to you.
  • To prevent hypertension, avoid eating many salty foodstuffs, avoid drinking too much alcohol, minimize the diets composed of many fats, and do as many physical exercises as you can.

Presentation and discussion

 

Creativity:

Creativity will be applied by use of relevant examples, showing videos of hypertension patients, projecting the prevalence figures on the power point.

Planned evaluation of objectives

After the third hour, each participant will be asked to answer the following questions. What is hypertension, what are the risks of getting hypertension, what things can we avoid and how can we prevent hypertension?

Planned evaluation of goal:

The process of evaluation will mainly involve taking the pretest and posttest results and generating statistical facts regarding the effectiveness of the learning session, an increase in mean implies that the teaching plan is effective.

 

Planned evaluation of lesson and teacher

The compiled post-test results will be showing the levels of satisfactions about training sessions to the participants and the percentage scores of teachers. Each teacher will be evaluated according to the average score. If the average score is above 60%, the teacher will be evaluated as the good instructor.

Barriers:

The following are some of the hindrances that are likely to occur during the learning sessions

Noise in teaching rooms: this can be Solved by the creation of role attentive role-plays and suspension of the noisemakers.

Technical challenges associated with the use of laptop and projector:  An alternative display machines such as billboards must be outsourced.

Late coming of participants: When number is greater than 30% of the expected population, the study session will begin

Communication:

The first session will be done verbal, using faces to face interactions explaining what hypertension means. The second session involves the use of a projector to show the pictures of different people with hypertension. The third session will involve making role-plays demonstrating how Pressure arises in arteries by stretching a balloon.  During the presentation, teachers will be moving around the entire room while interacting with the participants and main nonverbal communications used is keeping eye contacts and holding arms across the body.

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